Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
    
Stat'NotesThumbnails: 433.   32 native species listed, with 29 from Ellura
Plant (Plantae) - Daisies
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Flannel Cudweed
Actinobole uliginosum
LC
em
Other Common NameCamel Dung

These are tiny little plants that look more like moss or new seedlings, rather than mature daisies.
They don't seem to have a traditional buds, where the bud comes out then opens. It seems more like the flower grows from within the leaves & pushes out already formed.
Several Whole
Whole, profile
Small patch
Bud
Flowers (~3mm wide)
Gone to Seed
Compared to Stonecrop
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Hairy Cup-Flower
Angianthus tomentosus
LC
em
For years we thought these were Lemon Beauty Heads (Calocephalus citreus).
But they flower at different times of the year.
We suspect, due to the dry conditions, they are much smaller than specimens we've seen elsewhere, hence their flower heads are sometimes round rather than elongated.
Young Plants Starting to Bud
Starting to Bud
1,000's of plants with Golden Sunrays
Plants in Bud
Buds
Plants in Flower
Multiple Flower Heads per Plant
Tiny Flower Heads
Medium Flower Head
Large Flower Head
In Seed
Plants Seeded
Flower Head Seeded
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Capeweed
Arctotheca calendula
I
ema
 
Whole, distressed
Habit, healthy (~150mm high)
Leaf
Bud
Flower (~50mm wide)
Flower, under
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Wirewort
Asteridea athrixioides
LC
em
Similar Species: Little Button
Can be confused with Billy Buttons. Instead of the compound flower head being a whole ball, it's half a yellow ball, with a green hairy cup under.
The cup is hard to see from above. The compound flowers show many patterns through their short life, hence the large quantity of photos.
Has hairy succulent green basal leaves.
See Little Buttons for more description and comparison.
Whole Plant
Field
Leaf
Bud
Blooming
Blooming
Blooming
Blooming
Blooming
Blooming
Blooming
Blooming
Bloomed
Seeding
Seeding
Seeding
Seeding
Seeds
Dispersed
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Woolly Variable Daisy
Brachyscome ciliaris var lanuginosa
RA
em
SynonymBrachycome ciliaris var lanuginosa

Pale lilac flowers with about 40 petals that curl under at the tips. Yellow & pale green centre.
Green leaves are succulent and hairy.
It has a very long stem compared to the bulk of the plant.
Leaf
Leaf, bud stem
Flower
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Dwarf Daisy
Brachyscome goniocarpa
LC
em
SynonymBrachycome goniocarpa

Thank you Darren Schmitke for helping with the identification of this species

Because this plant is so variable it was very difficult to determine.
It seems the smaller they are the less information is available.
Our specimens have very small "petals" of around 1mm, instead of 4-8mm.
Being a daisy, the "flowers" are actually many small flowers (florets) in a bunch (or flower head). The florets on the edge are the only ones with "petals", and are called Ray Florets. The "petals" on these are called Ligules.
To complicate things even further, this plant doesn't have "seeds". It has Achenes; fruit containing one seed which never opens.
We couldn't understand why the achenes (seed) could be different shape. On investigating, we cut a "seed" head in half and saw the arangement of the achenes was the reason for the different shapes. Wedge shaped in the middle (with centred hairy crown) and curved wedges on the edge (with offset hairy crown).
Whole, upright, small
Group, upright, small, with Stonecrop
Whole, large, bushy, prostrate, size
Whole, in bud & "seed", leaves drying
Whole, dead, "seeds" drying
Structure
Leaves
Leaf
Leaf, size
Bud Heads, size & Flower Head finished
Bud Heads & Flower Head going to seed
Flower Head, top (~4mm wide)
Flower Head & Leafy Stem
Flower Head Finished
Flower Head Going to "Seed"
Achene (seed) Head
Achene Head, cut in half showing achen -EXTRA-
Single Achene (seed), size (~1.5mm long)
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Hard-headed Daisy
Brachyscome lineariloba
LC
em
SynonymBrachycome lineariloba

Other Common NamesDwarf Brachyscome or Dwarf Daisy
 
Whole, large
Whole
New Leaf
Leaf
New Bud
Bud
Bud, back
Bud
Bud, opening
Bud, nearly open
Flower, opening
New Flower
New Flower, profile
Perspective
Flower
Flower, profile
Flower, old
Flower, finishing
Going to Seed
Starting to Seed
Seeding
In Seed
In Seed, profile
Seed Drying
Seed Dispersing
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Tiny Daisy
Brachyscome perpusilla
LC
em
SynonymBrachycome perpusilla var tenalla?

We have been concerned for some time that our photo's vary markedly with others on-line. Yet ours matches the photo in Cunningham's.
The Australian Museum indicates that Cunningham's id is actually Brachyscome perpusilla var tenella. "Ahhh, good" we thought. Ours & the others must be different varieties of the same species.
They also make reference to NSW identifying this as a different species to Brachyscome perpusilla. "Even better"
Then they say that Brachyscome perpusilla var tenella is a synonym of Brachyscome perpusilla. "Rats"
The NSW database no longer refers to tenella at all. "Getting worse"
A recent (2014) revision of Brachyscome by the SA gov indicates that Brachyscome perpusilla & Brachyscome glandulosa are "vegetatively similar, if not identical", as it discusses microscopic differences.
CONFUSSED? Yeah, us too. So we'll stick with this id until proven wrong.
Whole
Structure
Leaf
Bud
Bud
Bud Back
Bud Opening, Profile
Bud Opening, Above
Flower, Above
Flower, Profile
About to Seed
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Hairy Burr-daisy
Calotis hispidula
LC
em
Other Common NameBogan Flea
 
Whole
Patch
Structure
Leaves & Stem
Different Shaped Leaves
Flower
Fruit
Fruit, Back
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Saffron Thistle
Carthamus lanatus
I
ema
Other Common NamesOWWW THAT HURTS!, Distaff Thistle, False Star Thistle or Woolly Star Thistle

A few scattered plants found & removed from Ellura
VERY prickly & stiff plant at all stages. Tall, green with cream/yellow flowers.
Prickles will go straight through leather gloves, weed bags, etc.
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Maltese Cockspur
Centaurea melitensis
I
em
Other Common NamesMaltese Star Thistle, Cockspur Thistle, Malta Thistle, Maltese Centaury, Napa Star Thistle, Saucy Jack, Tocalote Star Thistle, Wild Irishman, Yellow Burr Cockspur or Yellow Star Thistle
 
Habit
Bud
Flower
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Everlasting
Chrysocephalum apiculatum
LC
em
SynonymHelichrysum apiculatum

Other Common NameYellow Buttons
 
Whole
Basal Leaves
Stem Leaves
Young Flowers
Flowers, Profile
Flowers, under
Mature Flowers
Hairy Bracts
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Clustered Everlasting
Chrysocephalum semipapposum
RA
ma
 
Whole
Structure
New Buds & Leaves
Bud Head Opening, Profile
Bud Head Opening, Under
Flower Head
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Flaxleaf Fleabane
Conyza bonariensis
I
em
Mature plant is about 300mm tall; single stemed with flowers bunching at the top.
The flowers don't have petals.
Early Budding
Later Budding (+6 days)
Fully in flower (+9 days)
Leaves
Early Buds
Flower, fully open
Flower Head, above
Flower Head, profile
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Gazania
Gazania linearis
I
ema
 
Weed Art -EXTRA-
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Satin Everlasting
Helichrysum leucopsideum
LC
em
Long pale green oblanceolate leaves with acute tips.
Bright white/silver flowers.
Whole
Patch of Seedlings
Leaves & New Bud
Starting to form Buds
Small Patch Budding
Bud Forming
Bud
Bud Starting to Open
Bud Opening
Bud Opening
Flower Opening
Flower Opening
Flower Opening
Flower Opening
Flower Opening
Flower Opening
Flower Open
Flower Open
Flower Open
Flower Open
Flower Open
Flower Open
Flower Open & Drying Stem
Flower Open & Drying Stem
In Seed
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Golden Sunray
Hyalosperma glutinosum ssp glutinosum
LC
em
Other Common NameEverlasting

Small annual with cylindrical, succulent, green leaves with golden yellow flowers.
The overall shape can vary widely, from a tiny single flower stem, thru wiry & spreading to upright and bushy.
The leaves become hairy/sparsely woolly as they grow.
The buds can be yellow thru burnt orange.
Generally it has one flower at the end of each stem from the base. Often the stem will divide to throw another flower head.
The stems go red from the base with age.
Seedling
Whole, Short & Thin
Whole, Tall & Thin
Whole, Small & Upright
Whole Plant, Bushy, In Flower
Whole, Small, Drying & Going to Seed
Whole, Sprawling, Drying
Whole, Small, Stems going Red
Whole, Bushy, Seeding
Strange, see notes -EXTRA-
Perspective with Wireworts
A Patch
Structure
Leaves
New Bud
Bud Growing
Bud Starting to Open
Bud Starting to Open
Bud Opening
Compound Flower Opening
Compound Flower Opening, Above
Compound Flower Opening
Internal Flowers Opening -EXTRA-
Flower Open, Above
Flower Open, Profile
Flowers Going to Seed
Seeded
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Orange Sunray
Hyalosperma semisterile
LC
em
Other Common NameEverlasting
 
Photograph yet to be loaded.
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Grass Cushion
Isoetopsis graminifolia
LC
em
Other Common NameGrass Buttons

As the name suggests, looks like tufts of lawn grass.
On closer inspection you can see the cylindrical, succulent, green leaves. Almost flat and wide at the base, quickly turning cylindrical. The sparse hairs start along the flat edges thinning out up the leaf.
The flowers are nearly invisible to the eye when walking past, you have to get down on your hands and knees to see them. Like all flowers in the daisy family, they are compound flowers; tiny flowers (called "Florets") inside a larger cluster.
The flowers can be green or white, with some "Florets" in the centre being yellow (We thought these were stamen). Because of the white flowers, we miss-identified some plants as Woolly Heads (Myriocephalus rhizocephalus); but the flowers on these are on stalks.
The only way we can describe the "Petals" of the "Florets" are as: swirls.
The fruits are called "Achenes".
Patch
Whole
Whole in Flower
Leaf, wide at Base
Leaves
Buds
Buds Opening
Buds Opening
White Flower, Yellow Florets
Swirling Florets
Green Flower Head
Yellow Florets
Perspective with Thumb
Fruit, showing hairy ends
Fruit, Profile
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Little Button
Leptorhynchos tetrachaetus
RA
em
Other Common NameBeauty Buttons

Similar Species: Wirewort
A small, yellow flowering, annual forb with long, hairy green leaves that flatten out then roll with age. Leaf back is felted.
Starting bushy, they become slender as they flower. Their stems also turn red / copper as they age.
The flowers are identical to wireworts. We have to turn the flower over and look at the back to tell the difference. Wireworts have black, curved, hairy backs (sepals) set in greeny white wool. Little Buttons have appendages (like minute leaves) set in white wool. The appendages are copper coloured in the bud, fading to beige in the flower.
The main difference with the structure is that these have leaves up the flower stem. Whereas wireworts only have basal leaves.
We'd say these flowers are, on average, a bit smaller than wirewort flowers. Individual wireworts can be significantly larger.
Little Buttons are in bud almost from germination making them easy to ID early, unlike wireworts.
Photos concentrate on the significant changes as it grows.
Seedling already in Bud
Whole Young -EXTRA-
Whole, Bushy Stage
Whole, Less Dainty
Whole, Sprawling Stage -EXTRA-
Whole, Profile, Becoming Slender
Whole, Slender, In Flower
Small Patch in Flower
A Patch in Flower
Structure & Leaves
Seedling Leaves
Mature, Flat Leaf
Felted Leaf Back
Perspective -EXTRA-
New Bud Head with Rolled Leaf
New Bud Heads
Bud Head Growing with Stem
Bud Head -EXTRA-
Bud Head about to flower
Compound Flower Opening
Compound Flower Opening
True Buds & Flowers -EXTRA-
Compound Flower Open -EXTRA-
Compound Flower Open, 2 Views -EXTRA-
Compound Flower Bloomed
Going to Seed
Going to Seed, profile
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Yam Daisy
Microseris lanceolata
NT
ma
 
Structure, Buds & Flower
New Flower, Above
Mature Flower, Profile
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Bow-flower
Millotia muelleri
LC
em
 
Whole
Patch
Flowers
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Minnie Daisy
Minuria leptophylla
LC
em
Very small plant with dark green succulent leaves and stem.
Large flowers, compared to plant size, with yellow centres.
Quite variable. Flowers: Pale Purple (lilac) to white. Petals narrow to wide.
Plant: Upright to sprawling (almost runner); bushy to thin/straggly.
Notice also the tips of the backs of flowers (bracts) can be red/brown or green.
Many of these variations could be different sub-species that we don't know about. However, we have seen lilac and white flowers on the same plant, so petal colour is not significant to identification.
As a compound flower, daisy flowers are often referred to as "Flower Heads". The tiny individual flowers inside the flower head are referred to as "Florets".
Fresh, Whole, Sprawling -EXTRA-
Fresh, Whole, Bushy
Whole, Bushy, Above
Whole, Profile, Sprawling
Whole Upright
Leaves
Structure
New Bud
Bud Growing
Bud Growing
White Bud Growing
Lilac Bud Growing
Lilac Bud, Petals Thickening
White Bud, One Petal Formed
Lilac Flower Starting to Open
Lilac Flower Opening
White Flower (Thin Petals)
White Flower (Wide Petals)
Lilac Flower (Thin Petals)
Pale Purple Flower (Wide Petals)
Central Tubular Flowers
Mutated Flower Head, Above
Mutated Flower Head, Profile
Perspective with Thumb
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Scotch Thistle
Onopordum acanthium
I
em
Other Common NamesCotton Thistle, Giant Thistle, Heraldic Thistle, Silver Thistle or Woolly Thistle

Larger & bushier than Saffron, harsh and prickly.
Purple flowers
Photograph yet to be loaded.
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Stemless Thistle
Onopordum acaulon
I
em
Other Common NamesFlat thistle, Horse Thistle, Stemless Onopordon or White thistle

Scattered seedlings have been found & removed. All clear at this stage.
Seedlings are soft and easy to handle. Mature plants are very prickly & large, making removal difficult. Slow growing and easy to find seedlings with regular inspections.
Silver grey in colour and has no discernible stem
Seedling
Seeding
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Pleated Copper-wire Daisy
Podolepis rugata var rugata
LC
em
Other Common NamePleated Podolepis

A single bright yellow flower on top of copper coloured wiry stems.
We have one plant (type2) that looks identical to all the other's except for the flowers. It's quite distinct, being larger, with longer petals (in relation to size) that are "untidy". The usual one (type1) is very neat with it's petals arranged very symmetrically.
It's possible Type 2 is a different variety that we haven't identified yet.
The plant base bulks up over winter and then thins out while flowering; looking half dead. The flower heads stay on the plant 'till the next season; well after they've seeded and shrivelled to black, only pushing them out when the new buds form.
Whole Plant Bulked up
Whole, New Buds
New Buds Green Stems
Whole Plant Fully Budding
Bud
Whole Plant Flowering
Type 1 Flower
Type 1 vs Type 2
Leaves & Copper Stem
Whole Plant Finished Flowering
Finished Flowering Pre Seeding
About to Seed
Seed Head
Back of Seed Head
Several Seed Heads
Seeds Falling
Almost Seeded
Seeded
Seed Heads Dried
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Stiff Cup-flower
Pogonolepis muelleriana
LC
em
SynonymAngianthus strictus

A tiny plant that you could confuse with Moss.
Has pointed leaves that quickly die as it buds and flowers.
Has white hairy buds that turn into yellow flower heads (compound flowers).
The outer bracts (backs of flowers) look just like the young leaves. Perhaps they are? They get red/brown tips as they age.
The inner bracts are flat, smooth & pearl coloured with white hairy edges (margins). Very difficult to see, even in the photo's.
Generally has a sprawling habit, but the flower heads always point upwards.
Seedling Patch
Seedling, Pale Stem
Seedling, Red Stem
Seedling Structure
Seedling Spines
Whole, Budding, Loosing Leaves
Whole, Small, In Bud
Whole, Large, In Bud
Whole, Large, Flowering
Whole, Profile, Large, In Flower
Whole, Medium, In Flower
Drying Leaves
New Bud
Bud
Bud almost Flowering
New Flower
Full Flower
Flower showing Florets & Bracts
Flower starting to Dry
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Poached-egg Daisy
Polycalymma stuartii
LC
em
SynonymMyriocephalus stuartii

Other Common NamesPoached Eggs, Dead Paper Daisy
 
Whole
Field, with Podolepis & Pigface
Structure
Leaves
Flower, under
Flower, profile
Flower, above
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
False Sowthistle
Reichardia tingitana
I
em
 
Whole, in bud
Whole, in flower
Whole, small, in flower
Leaf
Bud
Flower, profile, with Aphids
Flower, profile
Flower, Above
Seeded
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Pygmy Daisy
Rhodanthe pygmaea
LC
em
SynonymHelipterum pygmaeum

Other Common NamesPygmy Paper Daisy or Pigmy Sunray

What a strange little plant. Most of the joys of this species came when analysing the photo's. It's too small to appreciate on the ground.
Normally the base of a daisy flower, the involucre, is inconspicuous. But, like with Senecio flowers, the involucre here is the most prominent part of the flower. The normal display parts (petals, etc) are tiny. When fertilisation is complete, the tips of the seed head (wings) protrude out the middle of the flower. Then the involucre spits open showing a dazzling white display of the seed head.
Further, the upright stems are not single plants, but many come from one plant. The red stems spread out along the ground and then bend upwards.
The leaves are felted on the back.
Whole Plant
Spreading Habit
Spreading Habit, Profile
A Dense Patch
A Patch going to Seed
Basal Leaves
Head Leaves & Buds
Bud & Flower, Profile
Bud & Flower, Above
Flowers, Leaves & Bud, Above
About to Seed, Above -EXTRA-
About to Seed, Profile -EXTRA-
The Involucre Splitting Open
Seed Head -EXTRA-
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Annual Groundsel
Senecio glossanthus
LC
em
Other Common NameSlender Groundsel

This is a tall thin annual. The stem, which is finely hairy, starts off being green and turns red with age.
Has the typical small yellow flower and large involucre (back of flower) of senecios, that then throws large seed balls.
Leaves are stalked down the middle, dark green, heavily toothed (pointy edged) and sometimes deeply lobed (edges where a small leaflet grows from the main one).
Whole
Whole, Drying
A Patch in Flower
Structure
Stem & New Bud Stalk
Lobed & Toothed Leaves
Heavily Toothed Leaf (almost lobed)
Back of Leaf & New Buds
Buds, Opening & Flowers
New Flower, Profile
Mature Flowers
Perspective
Starting to Seed
Seed Head
Seed size comparison
Seed Dispersing
Seed Dispersed
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Variable Groundsel
Senecio pinnatifolius
Na
em
SynonymSenecio lautus

A luscious green bush with bright yellow flowers.
Succulent, green leaves.
Generally the leaves lower leaves can be entire and hairy, with higher leaves becoming more lobed and hairless.
Whole Plant in bud
Whole Plant in flower
Upper Leaf
Bud & leaf
Buds
Flower
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Cotton Groundsel
Senecio quadridentatus
LC
m
Other Common NameCotton Fireweed
 
Buds, Flowers & Structure
Flowers Seeding & Dispersed
Flowers & Seeding
Seed Head
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Prickly Sow Thistle
Sonchus asper
I
ema
 
Upper leaf, heavy rainfall
Flower, above
Flower, profile
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Native Sow Thistle
Sonchus hydrophilus
NT
em
 
Whole, above
Whole, profile
Basal Leaf
Upper Leaves
Bud
Flower
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Sow Thistle
Sonchus oleraceus
I
em
Other Common NamesCommon sow thistle or Milk Thistle
 
Photograph yet to be loaded.
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Woolly Yellow-heads
Trichanthodium skirrophorum
NT
em
SynonymsAngianthus codonopappus, Gnephosis codonopappa, Gnephosis codonopappus & Gnephosis skirrophora

Other Common NameWoolly Gnephosis

We've searched for a decade to identify this plant, and finally found it.
Young seedlings are easy to confuse with Hairy Cup Flower, until the buds start to show. The Hairy Cup Flower then has a lime green bud, compared with this brown & white bud.
It is a very unique plant with it's defining characteristic being it's bud, which is how it spends most of it's short life. We use the phrase "Mace Bud" to describe it. (after the medieval weapon)
Once in flower it again blends in with the Hairy Cup Flowers, Wireworts & Little Buttons.
Seedling
Whole, Small
Whole, Medium
Whole, Large
Whole, Profile in Flower
Whole, Above in Flower
A Small Patch, in early Bud
Early Leaf
Older Leaf & Stem
Leaf & Stem Near the End, In Flower
Earliest Bud
Bud Head, Showing 1st signs of Mace
Bud Growing
Bud Head, with White Wool now Visible
Buds in the Head now turning Green
Final Bud Head
Partial Bud Head showing Wool
Buds Opening
Flower Head in Bloom
Flower Finishing
Flower Nearly Finished
Going to Seed
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Sticky New Holland Daisy
Vittadinia australasica var australasica
LC
em
Other Common NameAustral Vittadiniia
 
Whole
Bud
Old Flower
Seed Head
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Fuzzy New Holland Daisy
Vittadinia cuneata var cuneata
LC
em
Other Common NameWedge Vittadinia
 
Young Plant
Mature Plant
Bud, Leaves & Structure
Old Flower
In Seed
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Dissected New Holland Daisy
Vittadinia dissecta var hirta
LC
em
 
Whole, with Zygophyllum & Velleia
Whole, in Flower
Whole, in Seed
Structure, with Buds & Flowers
New Leaves
Bud Opening
Flower
Finished Flowering
In Seed
Seed Dispersing
Finished Seeding
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Woolly New Holland Daisy
Vittadinia gracilis
LC
em
SynonymVittadinia triloba var lanuginosa

Other Common NameFuzzweed

A grey looking small bush.
The flowers, on the end of stems, have Lilac petals with yellow centre.
When it seeds the seed head is a brilliant white, with seeds being carried away in the wind.
Whole
Whole Seeding
Whole In Seed
Field
Leaves
Flower
Petals Dried
Seed Heads
Seeds / Fruits
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Giant New Holland Daisy
Vittadinia megacephala
LC
em
Other Common NameBig-head New Holland Daisy
 
Whole Seedling
Whole in Flower
Whole Finished Flowering
Whole in Seed
Leaves
Seedling Bud
Bud About to Flower
Flower Opening
Flower Opening Further
Flower, Above
Flower, Profile
Flower, Aging
Flower, Finishing
Seed Head

Copyright © 1996- Brett & Marie Smith. All Rights Reserved.
End of Page