Red-necked Gall Gnat
Ventral
Adelaide Hills
Biting Midge
Anterior
 
    
Biting Midge (Ceratopogonidae sp)Class: Animal (Animalia) - Joint Leg (Arthropoda) - Insect (Insecta)
Order: Fly (Diptera)
Family: Biting Midge (Ceratopogonidae)
Species: Biting Midge (Ceratopogonidae sp)
This Photo:     Dorsal (~3mm)
Other name: Sand Fly

General Species Information:
Found in the Adelaide Hills
These tiny little flies are on about 3mm long and superficially (naked eye) look black.
Like mozzies, you usually can't feel them bite. But afterwards the area swells up. It is said that people who live in the same habitat build up an immunity to them, but tourists get badly affected.
I squashed one biting me once and it made it 10 times worse. Basically squeezing irritants into the body.
Unlike mozzies, that have a straw like proboscis (like moths), these have 2 sharp "jaws" they dig in and stand up vertical to the skin sucking blood.

Copyright © 2016- Brett & Marie Smith. All Rights Reserved. Photographed 29-Oct-2016
This species is an Australian Native Species