Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
    
Stat'NotesThumbnails: 921.   155 native species listed, with 88 from Ellura
Animal (Animalia) - Chordate (Chordata) - Bird (Aves)
Waterfowl
Anseriformes
Waterbird
Anatidae
Chestnut Teal
Anas castanea
RA
m
 
Male
Waterfowl
Anseriformes
Waterbird
Anatidae
Pacific Black Duck
Anas superciliosa
Na
m
 
Ducklings, in water
Duckling, out of water
Profile, in water
Anterior, in water
Bill Tip
Posterior, in water
White Underwing
Anterior, out of water
Green Secondary Feather
Head
Waterfowl
Anseriformes
Waterbird
Anatidae
White-eyed Duck
Aythya australis
NT
m
Other Common NameHardhead
 
Male
Waterfowl
Anseriformes
Waterbird
Anatidae
Australian Wood Duck
Chenonetta jubata
LC
ma
 
Male, On Land
Male, back
Male, In the Water
Female, In a Tree
Female, On Water
Female, Head
Pair
Flock in Flight
Waterfowl
Anseriformes
Waterbird
Anatidae
Black Swan
Cygnus atratus
LC
ma
 
Profile
Head, anterior
Head, profile
Defensive Behaviour
Parent with Signets
Waterfowl
Anseriformes
Waterbird
Anatidae
Australian Shelduck
Tadorna tadornoides
LC
m
 
Male (front) & Female (behind)
Nightbird
Caprimulgiformes
Owlet-nightjar
Aegothelidae
Australian Owlet-nightjar
Aegotheles cristatus
LC
em
Other Common NameOwlet-nightjar

Nests in hollows. Huge eyes. Lovely grey tones down the back with a buff circle around the eyes.
Back, Rufous Morph
Closer Rufous Morph
Back, Rufous Morph
Head, Rufous Morph
Back, Grey Morph
Profile, Grey Morph
Hiding in a Hollow
Nightbird
Caprimulgiformes
Nightjar
Caprimulgidae
Spotted Nightjar
Eurostopodus argus
RA
em
Nests on the ground. Uses camouflage for protection. Has very distinctive white stripes on the wings (both upper & lower).
When exploring Ellura, we were startled by a medium sized bird on the ground suddenly taking flight. In no time it was hundreds of metres away. A Brown Falcon then decided it was invading it's territory and started dive bombing it.
Yesterday (14 Jan 2015), a similar thing happened again. This time it kept landing on the ground. We followed it in circles for about 4 landings before loosing it. Couldn't get a photo, due to the bushes & trees. At one point it was right in front of me and probably could have taken a photo if I could see it. Its camouflage is amazing.
Video:
Spotted Nightjar at night, sound only (0.2Mb)
In Flight
In Flight
Attacked by a Brown Falcon
Roosting, profile
Roosting, anterior
Nightbird
Caprimulgiformes
Frogmouth
Podargidae
Tawny Frogmouth
Podargus strigoides
LC
em
Strange bird. Looks like an upright branch stump in a tree. Motley brown.
Juveniles -EXTRA-
Camouflaged
Whole, front
Whole, profile
Head, right
Head, left, rotated
Foot
Eyes, open
Eyes Closing, as it feels threatened
Eyes, just a slit
At Night
Coastal Bird
Charadriiformes
Thick-knees
Burhinidae
Bush Stone-curlew
Burhinus grallarius
CR
m
Other Common NameBush Thick-knee
 
Coastal Bird
Charadriiformes
Plover
Charadriidae
Black-fronted Dotterel
Elseyornis melanops
RA
m
 
Coastal Bird
Charadriiformes
Plover
Charadriidae
Banded Lapwing
Vanellus tricolor
NT
m
 
Coastal Bird
Charadriiformes
Gull
Laridae
Whiskered Tern
Chlidonias hybrida
EN
m
 
Coastal Bird
Charadriiformes
Gull
Laridae
Silver Gull
Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae
LC
m
Other Common NameSeagull
 
Immature, profile
Immature, Head
Sub-Adult, Head
Sub-Adult, Underwing
Adult, In the Water
Adult, On Land
Landing
Hunting
Socialising with the Neighbours
Small FlockTaking Off
Catching a Fish
Catching a Fish
Catching a Fish
Catching a Fish
Catching a Fish
Catching a Fish
Coastal Bird
Charadriiformes
Gull
Laridae
Pacific Gull
Larus pacificus
Va
m
Other Common NameSeagull
 
Coastal Bird
Charadriiformes
Gull
Laridae
Crested Tern
Thalasseus bergii
RA
m
 
In Flight, underwing
In Flight
Resting, with Silver Gulls
Coastal Bird
Charadriiformes
Wader
Recurvirostridae
Black-winged Stilt
Himantopus himantopus
VU
m
Other Common NamePied Stilt
 
Adult, in captivity
Stork
Ciconiiformes
Heron
Ardeidae
Eastern Great Egret
Ardea modesta
VU
m
SynonymsArdea alba or Ardea alba ssp modesta
 
Front
Back
Gape Line & Crick in neck
Squatting, Breeding Plumage starting
Feet
In Flight
Stand up Comedian
Stork
Ciconiiformes
Heron
Ardeidae
White-necked Heron
Ardea pacifica
RA
m
 
Anterior
Posterior
Stork
Ciconiiformes
Heron
Ardeidae
White-faced Heron
Egretta novaehollandiae
NT
ma
Tall, long yellow legs, white face, grey feathers, black beak, long grey neck.
Immature birds can be differentiated from adults by their rufous breast and less distinct border of the white face.
Immature
In Flight
Standing
Stork
Ciconiiformes
Heron
Ardeidae
Nankeen Night-Heron
Nycticorax caledonicus
EN
m
 
Juvenile, standing
Juvenile, on one leg
Juvenile, taking off
Adult
Stork
Ciconiiformes
Ibis & Spoonbill
Threskiornithidae
Royal Spoonbill
Platalea regia
EN
m
The two specimens here, photographed together, where different. We think the more orange eye brow was a male, as it had a larger bill, while the other was a female. Taken in November, they may have been coming out of breeding plummage?
Male, anterior
Male, profile, showing 'teeth'
Male, feeding
Female
Stork
Ciconiiformes
Ibis & Spoonbill
Threskiornithidae
Australian White Ibis
Threskiornis molucca
VU
ma
A large white bird with featherless head, which is black. Under the wing is a bare skin patch that goes bright red in breeding season. Here we show the non-breeding colour.
In Flight
Underwing patch
Profile
Nesting
Dove and Pigeon
Columbiformes
Dove and Pigeon
Columbidae
Peaceful Dove
Geopelia striata ssp placida
LC
ma
 
Dove and Pigeon
Columbiformes
Dove and Pigeon
Columbidae
Crested Pigeon
Ocyphaps lophotes
LC
ma
Other Common NameTopknot Pigeon

Timid, white and grey.
Dove and Pigeon
Columbiformes
Dove and Pigeon
Columbidae
Bronzewing
Phaps chalcoptera
LC
ema
Other Common NameBronzewing

Native pigeon. Bright, metallic green and bronze wing patterns.
Solid dull bronze underwing.
Clumsy / scatty.
The green and bronze reflections in the wings in these photos are not gender related. Purely the angle of the light.
The males have a chestnut cap and beautiful gentle chestnut tones on the chest; with a buff forehead. The females are much more grey (with a very faint chestnut tint on the breast), with a white streak above the eye; missing the chestnut cap & buff forehead.
Both genders have a white streak below the eye.
Male Mating Call
Male Mating Call
Male Mating Call
Male Mating Call
Male, profile
Male, anterior
Male, back
Male, Underwing
Male, Head, profile
Male, Head, anterior
Male, "Da Walk"
-EXTRA-
Female, profile
Female, anterior
Female, unusually brown
Pair
Kingfisher
Coraciiformes
Tree Kingfisher
Halcyonidae
Laughing Kookaburra
Dacelo novaeguineae
LC
ma
SynonymDacelo Gigas

What a joke! Big beak, white head & breast, blue wing to grey back.
Head
Colour
Profile
Front
Back
Under wing
Laughing
Family
Kingfisher
Coraciiformes
Tree Kingfisher
Halcyonidae
Red-backed Kingfisher
Todiramphus pyrrhopygius
RA
em
Typical kingfisher with massive beak compared with its body. White breast, blue wings, red back.
Video:
2 calling to/against each other (possibly males) (2Mb)
Head
Front
Profile
Size Comparison with Dusky Woodswallow
Kingfisher
Coraciiformes
Tree Kingfisher
Halcyonidae
Sacred Kingfisher
Todiramphus sanctus
NT
m
 
Kingfisher
Coraciiformes
Bee-eater
Meropidae
Rainbow Bee-eater
Merops ornatus
LC
em
One of the most colourful birds that visit. Smallish. Black, yellow, blue, green and brown / chestnut.
Juveniles don't have the tail extension, while the female's is shorter than the male's.
They make their nest underground.
We've seen flocks of up to 12 bee-eaters, mostly juveniles, which has been a real treat for us.
While the adults have red eyes, the juveniles we've seen have black eyes.
They seem to ruffle their feathers, perhaps as some sort of defensive pose, or cooling? Or perhaps the bee gave him indigestion
There was no wind in the photo's with the ruffled feathers.
They look like woodswallows when in flight, but if the sun catches them, they are so beautiful with the chestnut under wing colours.
Video:
Rainbow Bee-eaters calling and flying (3Mb)
Juvenile, Front
Juvenile, orientating bee
Juvenile, removing sting
Male, profile
Immature, front & back
Immature, head
Male, Back (Defensive?) -EXTRA-
Female, Front
Female, profile
Female, Back
Flock, 2 Adults, 5 Juveniles
Cuckoo
Cuculiformes
Cuckoo
Cuculidae
Fan-tailed Cuckoo
Cacomantis flabelliformis
NT
ema
The chestnut breast is more obvious than the fanned tail. Grey back and wings. Similar to Grey shrike-thrush from behind.
The eye ring is difficult to see.
Very pretty up close, plain from a distance.
Video:
Fan-tailed Cuckoo calling (5Mb)
Juvenile
Male, front
Male, Singing, ventral
Male, ventral
Male, tail
Male, profile
Male, Singing, back
Male, Cold, back -EXTRA-
Male, head
Female, front
Female, profile
Female, back
Female, flying
Cuckoo
Cuculiformes
Cuckoo
Cuculidae
Pallid Cuckoo
Cacomantis pallidus
NT
em
When we first spotted this on Ellura we weren't sure what it was. Having only recently discovered a Black-eared cuckoo it looked very similar, but way too big.
It has a dark striped through the eye and no barring on the breast. Grey / brown back and a similar tail to the Fan-tail cuckoo.
Males are grey, with no barring. Females are rufous and can be barred. I suspect she'll look like a completely different species.
Video:
Pallid Cuckoo from the back (8Mb)
Pallid Cuckoo from the front (4Mb)
Front
Male, profile, calling
Male, ventral
Male, back
Male, head
Male, white patch on nape
Male, orange mouth
Male, tail fanned out
Cuckoo
Cuculiformes
Cuckoo
Cuculidae
Horsfield's Bronze-cuckoo
Chrysococcyx basalis
LC
ema
SynonymChalcites basalis

Other Common NamesHorsefield's or Horsfield's Bronze Cuckoo

Similar Species: Shining Bronze-cuckoo
Regular high-pitched call with brown and white barred breast. Metallic green and bronze back.
Camouflages very well in bushes with its green back.
Very similar to Shining Bronze Cuckoo, but the Horsfields' bars don't meet at the front. The green back is also duller, but that's hard to compare without seeing both.
The males have orange / brown eyes, while the females have off-white eyes.
Video:
Horsfields Bronze Cuckoo calling (10Mb)
Male, front
Male, front
Male, ventral
Male, profile
Male, back -EXTRA-
Male, chestnut tail feathers
Female, profile -EXTRA-
Female, back
Size, compared to Female Hooded Robin
Cuckoo
Cuculiformes
Cuckoo
Cuculidae
Shining Bronze-cuckoo
Chrysococcyx lucidus
Na
a
Similar Species: Horsfield's Bronze-cuckoo  
Profile
Back
Cuckoo
Cuculiformes
Cuckoo
Cuculidae
Black Eared Cuckoo
Chrysococcyx osculans
RA
em
Similar Species: Horsfield's Bronze-cuckoo  
Video:
Black Eared Cuckoo call. The trill on the end is always there unless it's interupted (14Mb)
Front
Close up
Back
Tail, ventral
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Eagle & Hawk
Accipitridae
Wedge Tailed Eagle
Aquila audax
LC
ema
Other Common NameWedgie

Large majestic brown and tan hunter.
Huge wing span and is easily identified by the diamond-shaped tail.
Hunts regularly through Ellura as it is so healthy.
Perched
Flying
Size Comparison -EXTRA-
Close Up Wing
Back
Ventral
Profile
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Eagle & Hawk
Accipitridae
Spotted Harrier
Circus assimilis
NT
em
 
Dorsal -EXTRA-
Ventral -EXTRA-
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Eagle & Hawk
Accipitridae
Black-shouldered Kite
Elanus axillaris
NT
m
Other Common NameBlack Shouldered Kite
 
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Eagle & Hawk
Accipitridae
Whistling Kite
Haliastur sphenurus
LC
em
Similar Species: Little Eagle
Very large. We thought kites were smaller.
Brown wings and buff breast.
Juveniles have white wing tips which show up as "freckles".
Regular white patches on its back and wings when at rest.
Juvenile
Adult
Pair
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Eagle & Hawk
Accipitridae
Little Eagle
Hieraaetus morphnoides
VU
em
Similar Species: Whistling Kite  
Dark Morph Immature
Dark Morph Immature
Light Morph Immature
Light Morph Adult
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Eagle & Hawk
Accipitridae
Black Kite
Milvus migrans
LC
em
 
Gliding, ventral
Different Leading Profile of Wings
Profile, front
Forked Tail, ventral
Body
Dark Behind the Eye
Pair
Compared with Australian Raven
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Falcon
Falconidae
Collared Sparrowhawk
Accipiter cirrocephalus
LC
em
Similar Species: Brown Goshawk
Has a distinctive yellow eye, and very lightly-striped body (barely visible).
Adult Flying
Adult Head
Adult Back
Adult Front
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Falcon
Falconidae
Brown Goshawk
Accipiter fasciatus
LC
em
Similar Species: Collared Sparrowhawk
Very similar to the Collared Sparrowhawk, but has a heavier brow; making it look as thought it's frowning.
Juvenile, ventral
Juvenile Back
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Falcon
Falconidae
Brown Falcon
Falco berigora
LC
em
Medium sized bird of prey. The light morph has a buff breast, with thin brown stripes. All morphs have brown back and wings. We have a resident breeding pair of Brown Falcons (mixed morphs) often found perched on the top of a dead tree. They sit there for hours, scanning their surrounds.
We have read of studies that the suggest "morphs" are simple age variations (lighter = older). Our photo of a Light Morph juvenile must disprove this?
Dark Morph, Juvenile
Brown Morph, Fledgling
Brown Morph, Fledgling Soaring
Brown Morph, Juvenile
Brown Morph, Adult
Rufous Morph, head
Rufous Morph, under-wing
Rufous Morph, top of wing
Light Morph, Juvenile
Light Morph, Juvenile Gliding
Light Morph, Adult
Light Morph, Nesting
Size Comparison -EXTRA-
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Falcon
Falconidae
Nankeen Kestrel
Falco cenchroides
LC
em
Glad I'm not a mouse. Grey predator; but beautiful like a spitfire.
Front
Back
On the Wing
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Falcon
Falconidae
Australian Hobby
Falco longipennis
RA
ema
Other Common NameLittle Falcon
 
Back
Legs
In Flight
Bird of Prey
Falconiformes
Falcon
Falconidae
Peregrine Falcon
Falco peregrinus
RA
ema
 
-EXTRA-
Gamefowl
Galliformes
Pheasant & Partridge
Phasianidae
Stubble Quail
Coturnix pectoralis
LC
m
Extremely timid. They forage in grass & saltbush. As you walk you can get quite close (a couple of metres) and not know they are there. Then they'll suddenly take flight scaring the living daylights out of you

Usually they will then fly only a short distance (100m) low over the ground.
Smaller than a Bronzewing, with a brown/grey appearance streaked/dappled with white.
Pair
Crane
Gruiformes
Rails
Rallidae
Eurasian Coot
Fulica atra
NT
ma
According to Piotr Minias, in his Oct 2014 study, gender differentiation using the size of the frontal shield is only ~70% accurate.
Eurasian Coots have lobed feet, not webbed. The lobes, or flaps, fold easily; probably making it easy to 'swim' through water with lots of vegetation.
Small Facial Shield
Profile
Large Facial Shield
Lobed Feet
Crane
Gruiformes
Rails
Rallidae
Dusky Moorhen
Gallinula tenebrosa
EN
ma
 
Crane
Gruiformes
Rails
Rallidae
Purple Swamphen
Porphyrio porphyrio
RA
m
 
Wading
Feet
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Warbler
Acanthizidae
Inland Thornbill
Acanthiza apicalis
NT
em
Similar Species: Chestnut-rumped Thornbill
Has a similar rump to chestnut-rumped thornbill, so easy to miss-identify.
Striations of the throat go much further past the breast, almost to the legs.
If you can see the colour of the eye, it often makes identification easier.
Thick buff colour eye-ring, with a red eye (compared to the off-white eye of the chestnut-rumped thornbill).
Front
Back
Upside down
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Warbler
Acanthizidae
Yellow-rumped Thornbill
Acanthiza chrysorrhoa
LC
ema
A striking black forehead with white streaks / dots which contrasts to pale yellow breast. Olive back.
Like the chestnut-rumped, the bright yellow rump is difficult to see.
Front
Profile
Back
Launching
Hovering
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Warbler
Acanthizidae
Striated Thornbill
Acanthiza lineata
Na
a
 
Fledgling
Front
Back
Just hangin' around
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Warbler
Acanthizidae
Yellow Thornbill
Acanthiza nana
NT
ma
Other Common NameLittle Thornbill

The yellow makes it more striking than the other thornbills.
Front
Back
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Warbler
Acanthizidae
Brown Thornbill
Acanthiza pusilla
RA
ma
Plain but pretty. Typical thornbill - inquisitive, always on the go.
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Warbler
Acanthizidae
Buff-rumped Thornbill
Acanthiza reguloides
RA
ma
 
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Warbler
Acanthizidae
Chestnut-rumped Thornbill
Acanthiza uropygialis
LC
em
Similar Species: Inland Thornbill
Very obvious brown & buff ring pattern around the eye. Striated throat. The chestnut-rump is easily hidden by the wings.
Eye is off-white.
Eye colour helps greatly when trying to identify a thornbill when the rest of the bird is obscured.
Back
Profile
Front
Fighting
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Warbler
Acanthizidae
Southern Whiteface
Aphelocephala leucopsis
NT
em
Quite timid. The white across the forehead is quite obvious even for such a small bird.
Light brown to grey back.
Juvenile
Foraging
Back
Profile
Ventral
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Warbler
Acanthizidae
White-browed Scrubwren
Sericornis frontalis ssp frontalis
RA
ma
 
Male, profile
Male, anterior
Female
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Warbler
Acanthizidae
Weebill
Smicrornis brevirostris
LC
ema
Smallest Australian bird. Very active. Never sits still. Perches with cousin Pardalote quite happily.
A mix of gentle greens, browns and yellow make it quite an attractive bird.
Beak looks more like a finch's, than a thornbill's.
The brow is usually more obvious than shown in this photo.
Singing
Eye ring
Colours
Comparison with Pardalote
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Crow
Artamidae
Dusky Woodswallow
Artamus cyanopterus
NT
em
The blue beak contrasts starkly with the drab-coloured body.
"Dusky" is a very appropriate name, it's almost a sooty-grey coloured bird.
There does seem to be some colour variation between the sooty-grey & chocolate brown.
We suspected the chocolate brown birds were immature/sub-adult; but Lauren Butler showed us a photo of a chocolate brown pair with their offspring. As such, it's just a colour variation. Fledglings are chocolate brown with "pin stripes". As the fledglings age, the "pin stripes" disappear.
They are different to the Little Woodswallow (Artamus minor) as they have a white stripe on their wings' leading edge which is visible when sitting. They are also larger, but this would be nearly impossible to determine unless they were standing next to each other or you were already familiar with the Little Woodswallow.
Juvenile, Eating a Sugar Ant
Juvenile, With a Snack
Juvenile, back
Juvenile, head
6 Juveniles Having a Drink
Juveniles Roosting
Older Juvenile
Brown Adult, front
Brown Adult, ventral
Brown Adult, back
Sooty Grey Adult
Sooty Grey Adult
20 Roosting
Size, compared to Brown Falcon
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Crow
Artamidae
Masked Woodswallow
Artamus personatus
LC
em
Such a serious fellow with its blue beak, black face and grey body & wings.
Video:
Masked Woodswallows roosting. 2 males, then a female comes in(11Mb)
35 Roosting
About 100 Flocking
Roosting
A Pair
Male Parted Breast
Male profile
Male Cinnamon
Male Under-wing
2 Males Front & Back
Female Head
Female Front
Female Back
Female Cinnamon
Juvenile
Stance
White Tail Tip
In Flight, ventral
In Flight Front
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Crow
Artamidae
White-browed Woodswallow
Artamus superciliosus
NT
em
Often found roosting with their Masked cousins. But never mating together.
Flimsy Nest, Front
Flimsy Nest, Profile
Rain Gauge Nest
Eggs
Newly Hatched
Hatchlings, ~1 Week Old
Hatchlings, ~2 Weeks -EXTRA-
Mum Feeding
Dad Brooding
Fledgling, 1st Day
Fledgling, 1st Day
Fledgling, 1st Day
Juvenlie with Dad
Immature, profile
Immature, back
Male Front
Male Profile
Male, Flying, ventral
Male, Flying, Profile
Pair
Female Front
Female, ventral
2 Females Roosting
Roosting -EXTRA-
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Crow
Artamidae
Australian Raven
Corvus coronoides
NT
ema
A great laugh to hear the call trailing off. Sounds like it's falling out of the sky.
A large black bird with pale eye.
You can see our Juveniles have brown eyes, instead of the adult's white eyes.
Nest
Hatchlings
Chick 16 days later (only one made it)
Nearly Fledgling 14 days later
Same Nearly Fledgling
Same Nearly Fledgling testing Wings
Juvenile, back
Juvenile, under wing
Juvenile, Attacked by Willie Wagtails
Juvenile, Flying
Adult, front
Adult, Flying
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Crow
Artamidae
Little Raven
Corvus mellori
LC
ma
As its name suggests, smaller than the Australian Raven.
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Crow
Artamidae
Pied Butcherbird
Cracticus nigrogularis
RA
m
Other Common NameBlack-throated Butcherbird
 
Juvenile, front -EXTRA-
Juvenile, profile -EXTRA-
Adult, front
Adult, ventral
Adult, back
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Crow
Artamidae
Australian Magpie
Cracticus tibicen
LC
ema
Black and white. Females have more grey instead of white. Raven-like. Have a gentle warbling song.
We get two races at Ellura, one with a completely white back, and the other with a black band across the back.
Far more timid in the wild than in urban areas.
Chick in Nest; Dad Standing Guard
Juvenile, profile
Juvenile, scratching it's other ear
Juvenile, back
Juvenile, head
Juvenile, front
Male, back
Male, front
Male, profile
Male, ventral, on one leg
Female, profile
Female, back
Different Back Patterns
In flight
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Crow
Artamidae
Grey Butcherbird
Cracticus torquatus
NT
em
A smartly dressed (in grey, black & white) inquisitive bird.
Immature birds can look like Kookaburras.
Looking at zzey's, you'd swear the juvenile's face is that of a Pied Butcherbird (as their drawing of the immature Grey doesn't look like ours). But the swirling beige lines around the eye are not identifiers.
We haven't been able to tell the difference between Grey & Pied juvenile birds. As such our juveniles on Ellura are assumed to be Grey as we haven't seen a Pied, but have many Greys.
We might be able to rely on their call, but we've seen videos of Pied Butcherbirds imitating other birds & sounds (but it's doubtful a juvenile has this skill).
Video:
Perched, then flying away (4Mb)
Fledgling, pink gape
Fledgling with Parent
Immature, blue gape
Immature, profile
Immature, profile, older -EXTRA-
Immature, front -EXTRA-
Immature, back
Immature, ventral
Immature, about to sing
Immature, singing
Adult, front
Adult, tail
Adult, ventral
Adult, profile
Adult, back
Adult, head
Adult, flying
Size Comparison with Willie Wagtail
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Crow
Artamidae
Grey Currawong
Strepera versicolor
NT
ema
A brilliant yellow eye helps identify this large black bird.
White can be visible when flying, and so easily confused with a White-winged Chough.
However, it is often solitary or occasionally in a small (3) family group; unlike Chough's which show a lot more white and are always in a large (10-20) flock.
Very timid.
Once a year, around spring, they seem to gather and stay in a large flock (10-20 birds). We think it is a form of a nursery. And they constantly call to each other as they travel around the reserve; not resting in one place for long.
Video:
Grey Currawongs in the distance sharing a tree with our resident Brown Falcon (6Mb)
Lots of Grey Currawongs in the distance (5Mb)
A Grey Currawong, calling close (9Mb)
A Grey Currawong, calling in the distance (11Mb)
A Grey Currawong, moving very close (12Mb)
Fledgling -EXTRA-
Adult,back
Adult, front
Adult, ventral
Adult, head
In Flight
Pair
Size, compared to Brown Falcon
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Cuckoo-shrike
Campephagidae
Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike
Coracina novaehollandiae
NT
ema
A fairly large pretty grey bird with a distinctive black face, blending through to grey and then white under.
Swoops as it flies.
Similar to a Grey Shrike-thrush from the back, but larger.
Immature Front -EXTRA-
Immature Back, tail's white edge
Immature, outstretched wings
Immature, top of wing
Immature, front
Immature, back
Immature, profile
Immature, head
Adult, front
Adult, back
Adult, profile
Showing Under Wing & Tail
Hovering
In Flight
Size Comparison -EXTRA-
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Cuckoo-shrike
Campephagidae
White-winged Triller
Lalage sueurii
NT
em
Other Common NamesCaterpillar-eater, Jardine Triller or White-shouldered Triller

A seasonal traveller through our parts. Much smaller and whiter than a magpie, so it's easy to differentiate.
However, the males change their plumage, making them difficult to identify in the "off" season.
When not in their breeding colours, they have what's called "Eclipse" plumage; which is much browner.
It took us a while to work out what was going one with one sighting, when we realised the bird was in the cross-over phase between the Eclipse & Breeding plumage. So nearly black and white with some brown dappling.
Male Back, Eclipse Plumage
Male Profile, Crossover Plumage
Male Front, Crossover Plumage
Male Back, Crossover Plumage
Male Back, Breeding Plumage
Male Profile, Breeding Plumage
Male Front, Breeding Plumage
Female, Profile
Female, Profile
Female, Front
Female, Back
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Quail-thrush
Cinclosomatidae
Chestnut Quail-thrush
Cinclosoma castanotum
RA
em
Other Common NameChestnut Backed Quail-thrush

Runs a lot. Easily confused with babbler, but much prettier when it stops.
Females have a blue-grey breast. In the males, the grey is replaced with a solid black, which contrasts with the white. White under, dark chestnut back.
A family regularly visits while we take a coffee break. They no longer seem too bothered by our presence.
Video:
This Male Quail-thrush is foraging for food, in the heat of the day. Notice it's wings are lifted for cooling. The sound is from a Spiny-cheeked honeyeater nearby (12Mb)
Chick
Chick hiding in a Bush
Juvenile
Male, Running
Male, profile
Male, Front
Male, Head
Male, Spying an Insect
Male, Back -EXTRA-
Female, Profile
Female, Front
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Cisticola
Cisticolidae
Golden-headed Cisticola
Cisticola exilis
EN
m
 
Profile
Front
Back
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australian Treecreeper
Climacteridae
Brown Treecreeper
Climacteris picumnus
NT
em
Other Common NameBrown Tree creeper

Big feet! Vocal brown birds always inspecting the bark of trees for insects and other food.
Quite an elegant bird, with pretty buff scalloped breast with dark brown edges.
Dark patch through the eye with a pale/buff brow.
Fledgling
Juvenile
Head
Front
Back
Foraging on the ground
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australian Treecreeper
Climacteridae
White-throated Treecreeper
Cormobates leucophaea
Na
a
Females can be readily distinguished from males because the females have an orange cheek patch.
Very timid and we've rarely seen them.
Immature, in shadow
Immature, feet
Male, profile (rotated)
Female, profile
Female, anterior
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australian Mud-nester
Corcoracidae
White-winged Chough
Corcorax melanorhamphos
NT
em
Other Common NameBush Chicken

A dark red eye is only visible on the brightest of days.
The white wings are only visible when in flight as a band.
Very dark brown bird, normally looks black; but the brown can be seen in the right light.
Very timid; they post sentries to warn of danger.
Ellura has a flock of 30+ birds visit regularly. Very social.
Wayne calls them "Chickens of the Bush"; very apt.
We've seen them eat a small lizard (skink).

Recently Marie found an occupied nest and so I was lucky enough to get some stunning photo's of them. Due to this we now know that the exterior of the Sclera (white of the eye in humans) is pink. The interior of the Sclera (brown, green, blue, etc, in humans) is Deep Red. But in fledglings they are Brown.

This species is unusual in that it is Near Threatened locally, but RARE at a State level.
Video:
White-winged Choughs; flying and varioius sounds (7Mb)
Fledgling Eye, Pointing Down -EXTRA-
Fledgling Eye, Pointing Straight -EXTRA-
Fledgling, with down exposed -EXTRA-
Mud Nest, with Fledglings & Guard -EXTRA-
Profile Mud Nest
Mud Nest Perspective
Back
Front Showing Red Eyes
Profile Showing White Wing Edge
Showing Brown Back
Flying -EXTRA-
Foraging on the ground
15 Gathering
Red Eye, here's look'n at ya kid
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Flowerpecker
Dicaeidae
Mistletoebird
Dicaeum hirundinaceum
NT
ma
Stunning little birds these with the female being grey-brown with cherry red rump. The male having a bright red throat and rump with dark satin blue dinner jacket. Short tail.
They make their nests out of spiderweb!
We have presented our photo's here in cronological order to get a perspective of their mating cycle.
Female, back
Male, anterior
Male, Calling for a Mate
Female, Collecting Spiderweb
Male, Standing Guard over the nest
Female, Standing Guard over the nest
Female, Head
Female, Sitting on Eggs
Male, Blue Sheen on Back
Female, Feeding Chicks
3 Happy Chicks
Male, After Feeding
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Weaver-finch
Estrildidae
Chestnut-Breasted Mannikin
Lonchura castaneothorax
Na
a
The 2 reasons for adding this, primarily Queensland, species are that
  1. It is a quite beautiful finch
  2. It was photographed free in the Adelaide Hills.
We eventually determined it was an "Escapee" (ie held locally in captivity & then escaped). As such, we wanted to highlight that even though the books give you a locality range, it's quite possible to spot a species well outside of it's normal area (but unusual). This individual stayed around for 2 or 3 years, living happily with a flock of Red-browed Firetails.
Profile
Front
Back
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Weaver-finch
Estrildidae
Red-browed Firetail
Neochmia temporalis
Na
a
Other Common NameRed-browed Finch
 
Profile
Front
Profile, front
Profile, ventral
Immature
Small Group
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Weaver-finch
Estrildidae
Diamond Firetail
Stagonopleura guttata
EN
m
 
Front
Back
Profile
Fire Engine Red tail
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Swallow
Hirundinidae
Welcome Swallow
Hirundo neoxena
LC
ema
Very similar to the Tree Martin but more colourful, with a beautiful copper face & chin.
Video:
Welcome Swallow twittering (5Mb)
Welcome Swallow twittering (15Mb)
Front
Profile
Head
Top of Head
Flying
Behaviour -EXTRA-
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Swallow
Hirundinidae
Fairy Martin
Petrochelidon ariel
RA
em
Fairy easy to differentiate between these and the Tree Martins. Tree Martins have a Dark Blue/Black Satin head, where as the Fairy Martins have a chestnut coloured head.
With a Tree Martin
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Swallow
Hirundinidae
Tree Martin
Petrochelidon nigricans
NT
ema
Like woodswallows when flying.
Rusty forehead + rump, deep blue/black jacket and crown. Brown streaked white breast.
Video:
Flock of Tree Martins foraging (7Mb)
Fledgling, Front
Fledgling, Profile
Fledgling, Back
Juvenile, Back
Juvenile, Profile
Juvenile, Front
Adult, Profile
Adult, Profile
Adult, Back
Adult, Blue Back
Roosting in the cold morning
About 70 Roosting in a Nursury
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Warbler
Locustellidae
Rufous Songlark
Megalurus mathewsi
NT
em
 
Video:
A Rufous Songlark singing (10Mb)
A Rufous Songlark singing (25Mb)
Juvenile, front
Juvenile, profile
Juvenile, Rufous Rump
Juvenile, back
Male, front
Male, ventral
Male, profile
Male, back
Male, throat
Male, top of head
Male, Foraging
Male, Singing
Size, compared to Bellbird
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australian Fairy-wren
Maluridae
Superb Fairy-wren
Malurus cyaneus ssp elizabethae
LC
ma
More formal looking than the splendid; like wearing a grey suit with a black & sky blue scarf and cap.
Had a nice long chat with Rose Fletcher (she observed a nest daily for about 6 weeks), and there seems to be come conjecture, elsewhere, surrounding the colours & identification of males (non-breeding), females & juveniles.
1. The Downy feathers typically associated with juveniles seem to be a trait of the adults of this family
2. A black beak means it's a male
3. Juvenile males have red surrounding the eye. The very young don't have much red, then they all get more; the males then loose the red as they come to adult-hood
4. Females have blue tails (seems a contentious point with some birders)
5. Males with breeding plumage can have more blue in their throat than those presented here; yet our books suggest we only get the one sub-species
Fledgling
Juvenile
Female, front
Male, front
Male, profile
Male, singing
Male, eclipse plumage
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australian Fairy-wren
Maluridae
Variegated Fairy-wren
Malurus lamberti
LC
em
The male is very similar to the Superb but with a chestnut "scarf". Unlike the splendid, the patch around the female's eye is blood-red.
So far we haven't seen the Superb & Variegated in the same area.
Video:
A fairy-wren eating an insect for lunch (13Mb)
A male variegated fairy-wren hopping & singing (10Mb)
A male variegated fairy-wren working out how to get an insect out of a Smooth Wallaby Bush to catch lunch (8Mb)
A male variegated fairy-wren hopping into a Smooth Wallaby Bush to catch lunch (17Mb)
Male, starting to leave eclipse
Male, almost full breeding colours
Male, profile
Male, close up -EXTRA-
Male, front
Female
Pair
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australian Fairy-wren
Maluridae
White-winged Fairy-wren
Malurus leucopterus
NT
m
The all blue body on this fellow makes the white of the wings look radiant.
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australian Fairy-wren
Maluridae
Splendid Fairy-wren
Malurus splendens ssp melanotus
NT
em
Ours are the "Black-backed Race"
Males are a bright blue, mischievous rascals. Will sing loudly to distract you away from nest and family.
The hours we've spent being lead from one bush to the next and back to the first to get a shot

As with other wrens, males coming into breeding plumage are a real hotchpotch.
Females are very plain with an apricot patch around the eye, if you can get close enough to see it. Her blue tail is easy to spot, though.
We get the "Black Back" race. The black back is not easy to see.
Male, getting breedng colours
Male, profile
Male, almost full breeding colours
Male, Front
Male, profile
Male, Black Back
Female, head
Female, front
Female, profile
Female, back
Behaviour -EXTRA-
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater
Acanthagenys rufogularis
LC
em
Black & pink beak. Apricot breast bleeding to black & white streaked under.
Blue eye. Yellow cheek highlight in juveniles.
Has a huge vocal range.
Video:
Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater chattering (9Mb)
Marie getting up close and personal with a Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater doing what they do (23Mb)
A young Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater singing & scratching (33Mb)
Front, Squatting
Front, Standing
Profile
Singing
Back
Tongue
Spines & Beak
Brown Eye Ring
Top of Head
In Flight
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Eastern Spinebill
Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris
RA
ma
 
Front
Profile
Back
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Red Wattlebird
Anthochaera carunculata
LC
ema
Beautiful white spear patterns on grey/black back.
Red wattles under the ears.
Yellow patch below the striated breast.
Grey patch under the eye with black crown.
Video:
Red Wattlebird calling (4Mb)
Fledgling Red Wattlebird calling (4Mb)
Front
Profile
Ventral
Back & Wattle
Back Pattern
Singing
Flock of 14 Roosting
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Pied Honeyeater
Certhionyx variegatus
RA
m
Similar to a triller except for the black throat. Larger than the hooded robin.
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Blue-faced Honeyeater
Entomyzon cyanotis
RA
m
 
In Captivity
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
White-fronted Chat
Epthianura albifrons
LC
em
Female has blue/grey front. Male is painted white face. Both with a black tie & brown jacket.
Male
Female
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Tawny-crowned Honeyeater
Glyciphila melanops
VU
em
We put a few plant pot bases filled with water out for the birds. We feel we live in a micro-ecology where we are trying to mimic the true natural environment, but with cleared paddocks nearby, climate change reducing the steady rainfall, etc.
Generally the only input we make is to remove man introduced species (weeds). But the little birds would have a hard time flying 15km to the river Murray, or get eaten by cats & foxes at local damns.
We recognise that research suggests providing water is not "best". We also recognise much research in the past is flawed, and nobody really knows the best course of action to take. Some turn all water supply to native species off, others provide unmetered supply.
We actually think it's best if everyone does something different. At least some of us will get it right
By providing a little water we have found a wonderful assortment of rare native species thrive here.
As such, this specimen got so saturated, it's hard to identify it.
Head
Front, White Throat
Profile
Back
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Yellow-faced Honeyeater
Lichenostomus chrysops
RA
ma
Similar to the singing honeyeater, but the yellow strip is larger, through the eye, and has black below.
Face
Profile
Singing
Back
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Purple-gaped Honeyeater
Lichenostomus cratitius
RA
em
 
Profile
Front
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
White-eared Honeyeater
Lichenostomus leucotis
RA
em
Dark olive with rectangular a white patch around the ear.
Video:
A White-eared Honeyeater calling (7Mb)
Front
Ventral
Profile
Back
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Yellow-plumed Honeyeater
Lichenostomus ornatus
LC
em
Other Common NameMallee Honeyeater

Olive head with a thick yellow line (plume) under the ear.
Striated, buff breast. The back is striated-grey bleeding to yellow wings.
Nest
Eggs
Chicks
Juvenile
Front
Ventral
Profile
Back
Raised Plume
In Flight
Totem Game -EXTRA-
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
White-plumed Honeyeater
Lichenostomus penicillatus
LC
em
Yellow head. A thin black line highlights a thicker white line (the plume) below the ear.
Grey back with olive wings. Lightly striated, buff breast.
Juvenile, profile
Juvenile, front
Juvenile, back
Adult, front
Adult, ventral
Adult, profile
Adult, Feeding
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Singing Honeyeater
Lichenostomus virescens
LC
em
Generally olive with a black stripe through the eye. The black stripe is then highlighted with a yellow patch bleeding to white below the ear.
The Ellura specimens seem to have a more prominent white area behind the yellow patch than we've seen before.
Its song is similar to a Red Capped Robin.
Front
Profile
Back
Head
Top of Head
Feeding in Zygophyllum
Feeding in Mallee
Feeding a Berry to Another 1
Feeding a Berry to Another 2
Chasing each other
Size, compared to Dusky Woodswallow
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Yellow-throated Miner
Manorina flavigula
LC
em
 
Profile
Anterior
Back
Small Flock
Size Comparison
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Noisy Miner
Manorina melanocephala
LC
m
Aggressive to birds. Orange beak & legs. Yellow eye patch. Grey motley breast.
In 2 of these photo's of the same specimen, you can see the eye-patch (yellow skin) looks to be very different in size. This is just a matter of the eye & head moving, stretching or compressing the skin.
Ventral
Head, small eye patch
Large Eye Patch
What's Up?
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Brown-headed Honeyeater
Melithreptus brevirostris
LC
ema
A very small honeyeater. Travels in flocks.
A small pale brown, almost mustard, bare skin ring around the eye makes it look bulging.
Olive green back, and grey-white breast.
A distinctive buff ring starts by the eye and travels around the back of the head.
They are always active, never sitting still. If you can't get a camera, or bino's, on to them you'd easily mistake them for thornbills or silvereyes.
Fledgling
Immature, front
Immature, profile
Adult, front
Adult, ventral
Adult, profile
Adult, back
Adult, back of head
Adult, upside down
Adult, singing
A Small Flock of 3 -EXTRA-
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
White-naped Honeyeater
Melithreptus lunatus ssp lunatus
RA
ema
Orange eye-brow, black head, olive back, grey front. Oh, and a white nape.
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
White-fronted Honeyeater
Phylidonyris albifrons
LC
em
Raucous. Pronounced yellow & white stripes on black wings. Red spot above back corner of eye.
Fledgling
Juvenile
Head
Front
Back
Drinking Nectar
Top of Head
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
New Holland Honeyeater
Phylidonyris novaehollandiae
LC
ema
Very common. Yellow wing coverts. Heavily streaked black & white breast.
White eye-ball with black pupil.
Video:
A flock having a bath and a squabble (6Mb)
A juvenile trying to feed from another, then complaining, while a parent looks on (10 Mb)
Juveniles
Profile
Body, front
Head, front
Whole, front
Head, back
Whole, back
Wings
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Crescent Honeyeater
Phylidonyris pyrrhopterus
Na
a
 
Male
Female
Sub-Adult Female
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Honeyeater
Meliphagidae
Striped Honeyeater
Plectorhyncha lanceolata
RA
em
We were looking through some new photo's to try and improve the examples posted when we noticed a bare skin patch at the back of the eye. Similar to the White-fronted honeyeater, but it's grey with the Striped rather than red. Then we noticed on the other eye that the bare patch was on the front of the eye.
THIS IS STRANGE.
So we looked more closely at the old photo's and found exactly the same thing.
Hmmm .... so is this an asymetrical characteristic of the bird, or did we just happen to photograph the same specimen (with an abnormality) some 18months apart?
We couldn't find any mention of it anywhere.
NO; we reckon we've worked it out. We think the bare skin becomes more, or less, obvious as the eye moves (ie compreses or stretches to follow they eye direction)
Wiki says the bare patch is brown. Looks grey to us.
Front
Profile
Profile, back
Back
Top of Head
Bare Skin Eye patch, back
Bare Skin Eye patch, front
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Monarch Flycatcher
Monarchidae
Magpie Flycatcher
Grallina cyanoleuca
LC
ma
Other Common NamesMagpie-lark, Mudlark, Murray Magpie or Peewee

The genders are easy to differential. The males have a horizontal line through the eye, the females have a vertical line through the eye.
Kudos to Bruce Blackwell for the common name. They aren't Magpies and can be found in many areas of SA, away from the river. They aren't larks, or closely related to the Australian Magpie (even if they have a superficially similar appearance). They are a Flycatcher (surprisingly) and so the common name should reflect that.
The common name Mudlark might come from the fact they make mud nests.
Female, anterior
Female, back
Female Building a Mud Nest
Male
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Monarch Flycatcher
Monarchidae
Restless Flycatcher
Myiagra inquieta
RA
em
Other Common NameScissor grinder

You'd think this was related to the Willie Wagtail. Very similar on first sighting. But they have a white throat, compared to the Willies black throat.
From the front they also look like a White-winged Triller. But the Triller has white patches on it's wings compared with the solid blue/black of the Flycatcher.
Nest
Nesting
Blue Crown
Front
Profile, with blue sheen
Buff breast feathers
Attacking a Brown Falcon
Ow, that hurt
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Pipits & Wagtails
Motacillidae
Australasian Pipit
Anthus novaeseelandiae
LC
m
Other Common NameRichard's Pipit

Chestnut scales and grey under. White brow and beard join behind the eye (not always visible).
Profile
Back
Head
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Sittella
Neosittidae
Varied Sittella
Daphoenositta chrysoptera ssp pileata
NT
em
Ours are the "Black-capped Race"
Often upside down. Very pretty black & white chequered rump. Yellow legs, beak and eye-ring.
Orange stripe on its wings when flying.
Upturned beak.
Female is actually prettier than the male.
Male, front with lunch
Male, profile, hunting -EXTRA-
Male, profile, caught a snack -EXTRA-
Male, profile
Male, tail pattern & wing stripe
Male, diamonds in the scrub
Male, ventral, a different look
Male, back, closed wings
Male, back, showing white rump
Male, feeding chicks
Female, upside down
Female, back
Female, sitting in nest
Female feeding juvenile -EXTRA-
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Whistler
Pachycephalidae
Grey Shrike-thrush
Colluricincla harmonica
LC
ema
What a song. Pretty, but plain-coloured (grey shades)
Juveniles: rufous eye + breast markings.
Males have a white patch between the eyes and the beak (ie the lores). But this patch isn't easy to see, depending on lighting. So seeing a white lores means you have a male, while not seeing a white lores doesn't guarantee you have a female.
The female has a white eye ring.
Both genders sing, not just the male.
Video:
Grey Shrike-thrush call (9Mb)
Fledgling Grey Shrike-thrush calling (6Mb)
Male Grey Shrike-thrushes in a singing competition; there must be a female around ;-) (6Mb)
Fledgling Front
Fledgling Profile
Juvenile Front
Juvenile Profile
Female Adult Profile
Male Adult Profile
Male Adult Back
Male Adult White Lores
Male Adult Grey Lores -EXTRA-
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Whistler
Pachycephalidae
Crested Bellbird
Oreoica gutturalis
RA
em
Females are similar in appearance to a Grey Shrike-thrush.
Males are unmistakable with a white chin and black breast.
Their song is quite metallic and resonates through Ellura when they visit.
Video:
A Male Crested Bellbird. You can hear the 2 keys it uses in it's full song. There is also a Rufous Songlark in the tree and another right next to me that I didn't know about (32Mb)
Fledgling
Juvenile, back
Juvenile, profile
Male, front
Male, front
Male, profile
Male, back
Female, profile
Female, profile
Female, back
Size compared with Red Wattle Bird
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Whistler
Pachycephalidae
Gilbert's Whistler
Pachycephala inornata
VU
em
They throw their voices, so hard to find. Beautiful, loud song.
Apricot chin & rump. Has a blue-grey / steel-grey head, with a brown / grey back.
Similar to Grey Shrike-thrush from behind.
Video:
Female Gilbert's Whistler singing (8Mb)
A female Gilbert's Whistler calling (3Mb)
Female, Red Eye
Female, Back
Male
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Whistler
Pachycephalidae
Australian Golden Whistler
Pachycephala pectoralis
RA
ema
A small whistler, with an olive back.
The male has a black head that contrasts starkly with the golden yellow under and neck ring. White chin and black throat bar.
The female has drab brown tones by comparison.
Video:
Female Golden Whistler whistling (6Mb)
Female Golden Whistler singing (3Mb)
Female, front
Female, profile
Female, back
Male, front
Male, proud!
Male, profile, front
Male, profile, back
Male, back
Male, ventral
Male, hunting
Male, thickhead -EXTRA-
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Whistler
Pachycephalidae
Rufous Whistler
Pachycephala rufiventris
RA
ema
 
Video:
A Male Rufous Whistler Singing (20Mb)
Juvenile Male, ventral
Immature Male, profile
Immature Male, striated chin
Male, back
Female, front
Female, profile
Female, back
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Pardalote
Pardalotidae
Spotted Pardalote
Pardalotus punctatus
LC
ema
Other Common NamesDiamondbird or Yellow-rumped Pardalote.

What beautifully rich-coloured rumps these have; red through apricot to yellow.
Male has a deep yellow breast, while the female's is buff. Both have spotted black crowns, white brows and grey-dappled cheeks.
Forewings are pale-yellow dappled on grey / black. Hindwings are white-spotted / white-blotched on black.
Video:
Spotted Pardalote eating lerps (5Mb)
Spotted Pardalote calling (5Mb)
Male Front
Male Profile
Male Singing
Female
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Pardalote
Pardalotidae
Striated Pardalote
Pardalotus striatus
LC
ema
Other Common NamesChip-chip, Wittachew or Pickwick.

Attractive array of yellow, grey, fawn, black + a red dot. Its monotonous call gets very tedious when raising chicks.
Black crown with usually white, but occasionally yellow streaks.
A red spot on its wings shows up in photos when perched.
Juvenile
Front
Profile -EXTRA-
Back
Head -EXTRA-
Red Markings -EXTRA-
Under-wing
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Sparrow
Passeridae
House Sparrow
Passer domesticus
I
ema
 
Photograph yet to be loaded.
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Robin
Petroicidae
Southern Scrub-robin
Drymodes brunneopygia
VU
em
Runs a lot. Doesn't fly much. Well camouflaged at the base of bushes.
Video:
Southern Scrub-robin foraging & clucking (6Mb)
Southern Scrub-robin calling (7Mb)
Egg
Nesting
Hatchling Chick
Juvenile, profile
Juvenile, Calling
Juvenile, back
Adult, profile
Adult, anterior
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Robin
Petroicidae
Hooded Robin
Melanodryas cucullata
RA
em
Male is black & white.
Females & juveniles are grey and white. Very similar to Jacky Winters, but greyer, with white markings on the back.
Fledgling
Fledgling
Juvenile
Female Back
Male, Front
Male Profile
Male, Front
Male Back
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Robin
Petroicidae
Jacky Winter
Microeca fascinans
RA
em
Similar Species: Hooded Robin
A plain but petite, pretty bird. Unlike the hooded robin they have a white throat.
They are also more buff/fawn.
When seen from a distance, their breast often looks to have brown sides, with a white vertical stripe. Like it's wearing an open jacket.
Video:
A Jacky Winter calling (3Mb)
A Jacky Winter chatting (5Mb)
A Jacky Winter complaining about a Pallid Cuckoo (9Mb)
The usual call from a Jacky Winter (4Mb)
Jacky Winter singing (13Mb)
Jacky Winter calling for a while. I've often been confused with them, and now realise they have many similar calls. We've tried to highlight them with these videos (19Mb)
Fledgling
Juvenile
Juvenile
In Flight
Profile
Back
Front
Head
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Robin
Petroicidae
Scarlet Robin
Petroica boodang
Na
a
 
White Cap
Profile
Ventral
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Robin
Petroicidae
Red-capped Robin
Petroica goodenovii
NT
em
Female is a pretty, petite bird. Male has bright red cap and breast, black wings & back. White under.
It's easy to miss the red cap when it is turned slightly away.
Fledgling
Juvenile Male
Female, Front
Female, Profile
Male, dorsal
Male, Profile
Male, Cap
Male, Front
Male,Back
Wing Stripe
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Robin
Petroicidae
Flame Robin
Petroica phoenicea
CR
em
Thank you Matt Campbell for confirming the identification of this species
 
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Babbler
Pomatostomidae
Chestnut-crowned Babbler
Pomatostomus ruficeps
NT
em
Very similar to the more common white-browed babbler. Easy to miss-identify.
However the white lines on the back guarantee Chestnut-crowned vs white-browed.
Both have white tips on their tails making them look like fan-tails when they fly.
Generally run, skip and hop along the ground. A sentry sits up in a nearby bush to warn those on the ground of danger.
Video:
Chestnut-crowned Babbler foraging (12Mb)
Fledgling
Front
Now that's just rude
Profile
Top of Head
Startled
Back (being silly)
Fighting -EXTRA-
Having a shower
What a drip!
Nest
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Australasian Babbler
Pomatostomidae
White-browed Babbler
Pomatostomus superciliosus
LC
em
Always chatting. Skipping from one bush to the next.
A look-out in a nearby tree keeps them out of camera range
Fledgling
Profile, back
Brown Eye
Front
Chin up
Courting -EXTRA-
Collecting nest material
Caught a Hairy insect
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Fantail
Rhipiduridae
Grey Fantail
Rhipidura fuliginosa
NT
ema
A great chirpy character. Smaller than Willie Wagtail, with a black "bow-tie" and a fawn breast.
The breast colour varies from white to pale apricot.
Has a white brow and chin.
Juvenile
Adult
Adult
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
Fantail
Rhipiduridae
Willie Wagtail
Rhipidura leucophrys
LC
ema
Cheeky.
White brow, faint white cheek line, jet-black head, with wing colour trailing to dark brown.
Video:
A Willie Wagtail singing, then chattering (8Mb)
Nest
Eggs
Juvenile
Front
Thick Eyebrow -EXTRA-
Profile
Ventral
Singing
Pair -EXTRA-
A Pair Attacking a Raven
Attacking a Raven
Size -EXTRA-
Perching Bird
Passeriformes
White-eye
Zosteropidae
Silvereye
Zosterops lateralis
NT
ema
Other Common NameGrey-breasted Silvereye

Pretty green to grey to olive. White eye-ring isn't easily visible, surprisingly.
The Ellura inhabitants are more rufous underneath than those in the Adelaide Hills
Video:
Silvereye singing (5Mb)
Chick
Anterior
Profile
Back
Pelican
Pelecaniformes
Darter
Anhingidae
Australian Darter
Anhinga novaehollandiae
RA
m
 
Juvenile
Male, profile
Male, Taking Off
Male, In Flight
Female, Drying Out
Pelican
Pelecaniformes
Pelican
Pelecanidae
Australian Pelican
Pelecanus conspicillatus
LC
m
Huge beak to swallow fish whole. White, yellow eye-ring, blue legs & feet, black wings. Big water bird.
Adult with Juvenile
Underwing
Above wing
Small Flock Overhead
Pelican
Pelecaniformes
Cormorant
Phalacrocoracidae
Little Pied Cormorant
Microcarbo melanoleucos
NT
m
 
In Flight
Drying Out
Pelican
Pelecaniformes
Cormorant
Phalacrocoracidae
Great Cormorant
Phalacrocorax carbo
RA
m
 
Swimming
Standing
Pelican
Pelecaniformes
Cormorant
Phalacrocoracidae
Pied Cormorant
Phalacrocorax varius
RA
m
 
Swimming
Taking Off
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Cockatoo
Cacatuidae
Sulphur-crested Cockatoo
Cacatua galerita
LC
ma
King of the parrots. Sulphur yellow head crest that raises when threatened. Otherwise all white.
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Cockatoo
Cacatuidae
Little Corella
Cacatua sanguinea
LC
ema
Little terror more like. All white, with blue eye and red cere. Small white head crest.
Pair
In Flight
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Cockatoo
Cacatuidae
Long-billed Corella
Cacatua tenuirostris
Na
a
 
Red Forehead
Red Throat
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Cockatoo
Cacatuidae
Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo
Calyptorhynchus funereus
Na
a
 
Male feeding juvenile
Male (red eye ring)
Female
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Cockatoo
Cacatuidae
Galah
Eolophus roseicapillus
LC
ema
SynonymsCacatua roseicapilla, Eolophus roseicapilla

Pink breast, grey back and wings. Noisy bugger. They have character.
The main difference between the genders is the eye colour (male's are black/dark brown & female's are red/light brown).
Notice in the photo's both crest up and down, as well as cheek feathers covering the beak or not.
The male bobbing up and down is probably a sign of territory defence.
Video:
Galahs being galahs (6Mb)
A chick talking to it's parents (3Mb)
Galahs flying in (4Mb)
Male, gront
Male, back
Male, Head Bobbing 1
Male, Head Bobbing 2
Male, Under-wing
Female Front
Female, profile
Female, Crest
Flying
Landing
Nest Entrance
14 Roosting
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Parrot
Psittaculidae
Australian Ringneck
Barnardius zonarius ssp barnardi
LC
em
Other Common NameMallee Ringneck

Ours are the "Mallee Race"
When flying away they are an iridescent display of vivid green and black tips.
Have a variable width yellow band around their necks. Starts quite thick near the ear to very thin on the back.
Beautiful array of deep blues and iridescent greens, with splashes of red & yellow thrown in for good measure.
The males have a much deeper blue back than the females. The male's green areas tend to be more lime green as well; but this is not easy to see.
Video:
A Ringneck Wagging it's tail (3Mb)
Ringneck spreading it's tail (5Mb)
Ringnecks; We've only seen the adults feed juveniles when the juveniles ask. Here the male is feeding the female unprovoked, so suspect a courting ritual (18Mb)
Fledgling
Male, front, tail wagging
Male, front, foraging
Male, profile
Male, profile
Male, back
Female, front
Female, head
Female, back
Pair, having a drink
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Parrot
Psittaculidae
Musk Lorikeet
Glossopsitta concinna ssp concinna
RA
em
Easily confused with the Purple-crowned. The other sub-species is in Tasmania only.
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Parrot
Psittaculidae
Purple-crowned Lorikeet
Glossopsitta porphyrocephala
NT
em
Small parrot. When flying over it's hard to discern the colour. This is because it's pale blue.
Easy to miss them being parrots until you hear them.
Brilliant yellow cheeks, red lores (the patch between the eye and the beak), green backs & purple-crown (as the name suggests).
Video:
Purple-crowned Lorrikeets making their usual racket ;-) (5Mb)
This clip is mainly for the sound, but it also shows how they typically appear (6Mb)
Purple-crowned Lorrikeets flying over; the usual way we see them (2Mb)
Front
Profile
Back
Dorsal
Under Wing
Flock Feeding
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Parrot
Psittaculidae
Blue-winged Parrot
Neophema chrysostoma
RA
m
 
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Parrot
Psittaculidae
Crimson Rosella
Platycercus elegans
LC
ema
Other Common NameAdelaide Rosella & Yellow Rosella

Colours are highly variable, from dull yellows to brilliant red front with blue highlights (wing coverts, tail + throat).
Black & olive dabbled back.
Females are duller than their male partner.
In the Mallee they are often seen cohorting with Ringneck Parrots.
There is often discussion of the Adelaide & Yellow Rosella being a sub-species/race. This changes so often that we've left it at the higher level of species to always be accurate. If it is finally ratified, once and for all, that there is are Adelaide & Yellow sub-species, these would fall into the Adelaide / Fleurieu category.
Back (Redder)
Front (Redder)
Front (Paler)
Profile (Paler)
Back (Paler)
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Parrot
Psittaculidae
Regent Parrot
Polytelis anthopeplus
EN
em
A beautiful parrot (similar in size to our Ringnecks) with the males being golden yellow. Females & juveniles are olive green. They have very dark blue (almost black) wings (with red patches) and tail that contrasts starkly with the yellows & green. Like a cherry that tops off a fruit salad; they have a large red beak.
We are several kms further south than expected for this Endangered species. There was a report of a nesting pair even further south (a km or so), in a large gum by a damn.
It is believed we only get the males & juveniles here, as the males forage for food to take back to the nesting females. They travel here in a crache in the morning, returning to their nests in the afternoon.
Due to our observations & photos, Beyeria opaca has been added to their food list.
Normally only visiting from October, due to the very wet summer/autumn we saw them in May this year (2014).
Juvenile
Front, ventral
Head
Back
Eating Beyeria opaca fruit
4 Eating Beyeria opaca fruit
6 Perched in a Mallee
2 Perched, with a Spiny-cheeked
Launching
2 Flying Overhead
A Flock of 17 (14 in photo)
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Parrot
Psittaculidae
Red-rumped Parrot
Psephotus haematonotus
LC
m
 
Male
Female
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Parrot
Psittaculidae
Mulga Parrot
Psephotus varius
NT
em
Chatty colourful birds which nest in mallee tree hollows.
Iridescent aqua-green with red & yellow highlights, and intense blue wings.
Females are duller than the males, having a red "shoulder". Males have a yellow "shoulder"
Juveniles are distinguished by a lack of yellow above the beak (forehead), and are generally duller.
Video:
Mulga Parrots love drinking morning dew off the caravan roof, but these weren't so keen on us watching them (13Mb)
HOLLOWS ARE IMPORTANT -EXTRA-
Immature Male
Immature Female
Immature Female Foraging
Male, font
Male, close up
Male, profile, back
Male Foraging
Male Eating Zygophyllum
Male Preening
Female, head
Female, front
Female, front
Female, profile, back
Female Foraging, colours in the sun
Female Foraging, duller with cloud
Female Eating Saltbush
Female, I luv my tree
Female Drinking Dew off our Car
Female Tail Fanning
A Pair
Female Preening her Mate
A flock of 10
Adult Male Feeding Juv Female
Size, compared to Ringneck
Parrot
Psittaciformes
Parrot
Psittaculidae
Rainbow Lorikeet
Trichoglossus haematodus
RA
ma
Raucous. Orange beak, purple head + rump, yellow shoulder, bright green back, red breast
Ventral
Profile
Back
Just hangin'
4 enjoying a Cootamundra Wattle
Penguin
Sphenisciformes
Penguin
Spheniscidae
Little Penguin
Eudyptula minor
Na
m
Other Common NamesFairy Penguin or Little Blue Penguin
 
Anterior
Posterior
Owl
Strigiformes
True Owl
Strigidae
Southern Boobook
Ninox novaeseelandiae
RA
em
 
Face
In Profile
Breast
Owl
Strigiformes
Barn-owl
Tytonidae
Eastern Barn Owl
Tyto javanica
LC
m
 
Flightless Bird
Struthioniformes
Emu
Dromaidae
Emu
Dromaius novaehollandiae
LC
em
Big ugly bird, in fact the biggest Australian native bird, but perhaps not the ugliest

Runs very fast (up to 50km/hr), is very tall (nearly 2m) and timid.
They have a scruffy white collar in breeding season.
Their lower beak is serrated, designed for grazing.
The male looks after the eggs & young. While incubating them he doesn't eat, drink or defecate!
It's not generally possible to determine gender visually.
Juveniles, profile -EXTRA-
7 Juveniles running away
Possibly Immature
Adult Male with Young
Adult Male, profile
Head

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