Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
    
Stat'NotesThumbnails: 198.   18 native species listed, with 15 from Ellura
Plant (Plantae) - Trees
ApialesPittosporum
Pittosporaceae
Native Apricot
Pittosporum angustifolium
LC
em
Other Common NameWeeping Pittosporum

Always had a soft spot for these. They are easy to recognise when in fruit as they are so unique and the common name represents them perfectly.
A small, narrow tree, with long pale green leaves (that have a "hooked" pointed tip) and yellow/orange fruit; apricot in colour.
We have found their leaves to be very similar to E. longifolia (which we have hundreds of) so identification has been difficult.
The bark is pale, smooth & has small white horizontal lines on it (when younger) and is generally single trunked. E. longifolia is dark, rough, without the lines and is generally multi-trunked.
We only found one fruit this year (2012), so the extensive bird life we have at Ellura must have been enjoying them!
Unlike an apricot, the fruit splits on the tree to reveal multiple seeds, rather than a single stone.
The tree is often found with many (apparent) seedlings around it. Darren Schmitke tells us that they can sucker for up to 200m! So the seedlings may not be seedlings at all, but part of the same plant, growing from a damaged root. These used to be called Pittosporum phylliraeoides, but the name was changed to the current one. However, it's not a synonym because there is another plant called Pittosporum phylliraeoides now (these are coastal, where as P angustifolium is generally on the interior).
Whole Tree in Flower -EXTRA-
Whole Tree in Flower, other side -EXTRA-
Whole Seedling / Sucker
Whole Small Tree
Damaged Small Tree recovering
Psuedo Grove ? -EXTRA-
Structure
Leaf size
Leaves
Buds
Bud About to Open
New Flower, front
Mature Flowers
Flower, back
Flower Finishing, Profile
Capsule starting in the flower
Unripe, Green, Capsule
Capsule, Ripening, Yellow (~10mm wide)
Scattered Capsules in a tree
Capsule -EXTRA-
Capsule, Starting to Open
Capsule split showing seed (~12mm long)
Seed dispersed
LamialesFigwort
Scrophulariaceae
Weeping Emubush
Eremophila longifolia
NT
em
Other Common NameBerrigan

A small round tree with weeping habit.
Beautiful pale red trumpet flowers, typical of Eremophilas.
Seedling
Wee Weeping Tree
Small Tree
Medium Tree
Medium Tree
Large Tree In Full Bloom
Habit
Bud
Bud, Leaf & Stem
Bud & Branch
Bud, Flower & Leaf
Flower Profile
Flower Front
A Mass of Flowers
New Fruit
Dried Fruit
LamialesFigwort
Scrophulariaceae
Mallee Sandalwood
Myoporum platycarpum ssp perbellum
LC
em
Upright small tree with white flowers and long green leaves.
Ours all have lilac spots in the flowers, whereas many of our ssp platycarpums don't.
Our ssp perbelums flowered a bit later than ssp platycarpum.
Apparently ssp perbelum is smaller that ssp platycarpum; but we can't easily notice the difference due to different aged trees.
The easiest way we differentiated was with the flower: ssp perbelum has lobes that are longer than the flower tube, while ssp platycarpum doesn't.
It seems the bracts are longer on ssp perbelum than ssp platycarpum as well, however, we haven't seen this in the literature so don't know if it's a reliable key.
platycarpum vs perbellum
Purple spots on Flower
LamialesFigwort
Scrophulariaceae
Sugarwood
Myoporum platycarpum ssp platycarpum
LC
em
Other Common NamesFalse Sandalwood or Bastard Sandalwood

Upright small tree with white flowers and long green leaves. The flowers on our trees often have brown spots, or are totally white. The bark is rough.
They have fruit that are called drupes; basically stone fruit. But the outside flesh dries to a papery skin when ripe.
Massive Whole Tree
Small Tree
Flowering Small Tree
Flowering, Growing Fallen Tree
Leaf
New Buds
Flower, Buds, Leaves, & Stems
Flowers, Buds & Leaves
Flowers & Buds
Bunch of Flowers
Flowering & Fruiting
Fruiting
MyrtalesMyrtle
Myrtaceae
White Mallee
Eucalyptus dumosa
LC
em
Other Common NameDumosa Mallee
 
Structure
Branch
Buds / Caps
Flower, Front
Flower, Profile
MyrtalesMyrtle
Myrtaceae
Yorrell
Eucalyptus gracilis
LC
em
Other Common NameRed Mallee

We have thousands of Mallee trees on Ellura (we think about 7 species), but they can only be identified when flowering.
This is the first we've been able to determine. Apparently you can't identify from bark, leaves, shape or colour of the trunk.
Buds are green with varying degrees of red highlights and a round cap.
Flowers are "crinkly" and creamy white.
We've heard reports old growth Mallee trees (which we have
) can be 1,000 years old. It's hard not to admire them!
Whole Tree
Structure, after rain
Buds & Leaf
Buds
Bud Clusters
Buds Opening
Flower, Front
Flower, Profile
Flower Cluster
MyrtalesMyrtle
Myrtaceae
River Box
Eucalyptus largiflorens
RA
m
Other Common NamesBlack Box or Swamp Box
 
Young forrest -EXTRA-
Older stand
Older stand -EXTRA-
In flower
Tree surrounded by seedlings
Mature tree
Character
MyrtalesMyrtle
Myrtaceae
Narrow-leaf Red Mallee
Eucalyptus leptophylla
LC
em
SynonymEucalyptus foecunda

Other Common NameNarrow leaved Red Mallee
 
Leaves
Younger Nut
Older Nut Group
MyrtalesMyrtle
Myrtaceae
Peppermint Box
Eucalyptus odorata
RA
m
Thank you Andrew Allanson for identifying this species for us
 
Whole
New leaf
Old leaves
Early bud stems
Gum nuts
MyrtalesMyrtle
Myrtaceae
Red Mallee
Eucalyptus oleosa
LC
em
Other Common NamesAcorn Mallee, Giant Mallee, Oily Mallee, Oleosa Mallee or Straggly Gum

This is Fred, our biggest Mallee tree.
We have been wanting to id him for a year now and finally he's in flower and we've got it

Most of our Mallee's are so similar it's very hard to tell them apart. But these Giants are more easily distinguished by their size and shape.
However, you still need the caps and nut to be sure.
Whole -EXTRA-
MyrtalesMyrtle
Myrtaceae
Coastal White Mallee
Eucalyptus rugosa
RA
em
SynonymEucalyptus anceps & Eucalyptus conglobata var anceps

Other Common NamesCong Mallee, Kangaroo Island Mallee, Kingscote Mallee, Port Lincoln Mallee or White Mallee

Identifying Eucalypts is very difficult. While we have photo's here to help people they can't be used on their own. It is important to have a printed page with physical size drawings and a specimen of the buds, caps & nuts in hand placed over the drawing.
If we ever work out a way to show photo's at real size on your computer then these photo's would be usable.
In time we plan to put a lot more comparative photo's (ie photo's with multiple specimens to directly compare size & shape). But at this stage we are flat chat just getting our species identified and a set of representative photos on the net.
Leaf
Bud Group with Caps
Younger Nut Group
Older Nut Group
MyrtalesMyrtle
Myrtaceae
Summer Red Mallee
Eucalyptus socialis
LC
em
Other Common NamesRed mallee, Beaked Red Mallee or Christmas Mallee

This beautiful mallee tree was absolutely laden with flowers.
It actually smelt like honey as you walked anywhere near it.
Whole Tree
Structure
Bud
Bud Cluster
Buds Opening
Flower Laden
Flower Cluster
MyrtalesMyrtle
Myrtaceae
Mallee Honey-myrtle
Melaleuca acuminata ssp acuminata
LC
em
Similar Species: Dryland Tea-tree
Looks very similar to M. lanceolata. Up close they are quite different once you study them carefully:
  1. Larger leaves (this is what we first noticed)
  2. The leaves are oposite. Each pair of leaves is roughly 90 deg (at right angles) to the previous pair. But overall the leaves have a slight spin to them when looking down the branch. The M. lanceolata leaves are adjacent but still offset to each other in a pattern. As such, you can see 4 leaves in a whorl (acuminata) rather than 5 (lanceolata)
  3. The leaves have dark spots under
  4. The leaves are flat, rather than nearly cylindrical & succulent. Both are pointy with a longitudinal curve
  5. Flowering in Spring instead of Autumn
  6. We think the fruit falls off on the M. acuminata leaving spikes. It makes it appear this species doesn't fruit when found 10 months after fruiting.
  7. The fruit, or seed pods, are more cylindrical
  8. The flowers are randomly scattered, not in bottlebrushes

Buds are ~2mm wide, leaves ~2mm wide & ~6mm long
Whole
Trunk & Bark
Branch & Bark
Stucture
Stucture
Leaves, Back, Opposite & Rotated
Whorl of 4 leaves
Insect (Scale?) Attack on Leaves
New Buds
Buds
Bud Opening
Flowers, profile
Flowers, randomly placed
Flowers, randomly placed
Fruit, end
Fruit, Remaining Spikes
Fruit, Remaining Spike
Comparison with M. lanceolata (bottom)
MyrtalesMyrtle
Myrtaceae
Dryland Tea-tree
Melaleuca lanceolata
LC
ema
Other Common NamesBlack Paperbark, Black Tea-tree, Moonah, Rottnest Island Teatree & Western Tea-tree

Similar Species: Mallee Honey-myrtle
If you live on the coast you'd have no problem understanding this species is a tree. But if you live in the semi-arid regions of Australia, you may well question this, as this species is generally stunted and most specimens are bushes.
It is a characteristic of this species to be very variable in it's habit, depending on location (particularly based on water supply).
A very common, small, round, woody shrub tree.
It has very brittle thin branches that snap easily, with crusty brown bark.
The young growth is deceptively soft, but quickly stiffens up and becomes almost prickly, certainly scratchy.
Flowers form white bottle-brushes.
Being an arid environment, our specimens are quite stunted to those seen on the coast.
The flowers show the same style as the related Eucalypts, with the stamen being the dominant part of the flower.
We were keen to see how the pods formed, so photographed this series showing the flower receptacle (base of flower) turning into the seed pod.
Whole Tree
Whole Tree
Structure
New Growth
Young Growth
New Leaves
Whorl of 5 Leaves (~1mm wide, ~4mm long)
Stem Forming
New Buds
Buds Nearly Open
Bud Opening
Buds Opening, showing 5 petals
Flower Cluster
Bunch of Flowers
Pseudo Flowers -EXTRA-
Flower Drying
Flower Drying Further
Infertile Flowers Dying -EXTRA-
Receptacle becoming a Seed Pod
Seed Pods
Old Pods
Conifer
Pinales
Cypress
Cupressaceae
Southern Cypress Pine
Callitris gracilis
LC
em
SynonymCallitris preissii

Other Common NamesCommon Cypress Pine, Lachlan Pine, Light Pine, Mallee Pine, Mountain Pine, Murray Pine, Rottnest Island Pine, Scrub Cypress Pine, Slender Pine & White Pine

These tall trees can be 250 years old.
We feel blessed to have a small forest of them on Ellura.
Their habit varies greatly (we suspect some of this is age) from the typical cone (pyramid) shape of a conifer tree to a broader flat top affair.
Unlike pine trees, their (female) cones are individual nuts. They get some lumps/bumps on their surface, similar to Callitris verrucosa, but no where near the same extent/quantity.
They don't have typical flowers. They have strobili which are modified leaves that contain the reproductive organs. You would not feel foolish to think the leaves where dying as they go orange/brown in spring.
We got confirmation of this when a Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater flew into a Callitris tree near us and a cloud of white dust was created as it clipped the branch. The white dust was pollen!
We then took a video, tapping a "buch of flowers" showing all the pollen being released.
Video:
Callitris gracilis: We saw smoke and thought our forrest was on fire, but it was all our Callitris trees releasing their pollen at the same time (6Mb)
Our Callitris Forest
More of our Forest
Expanding Forest
Seedling -EXTRA-
Seedling -EXTRA-
Small
Mature, Pyramidal (Conical)
Mature, Oval (Cylindrical)
Mature, Round
Old
Devastation -EXTRA-
Stretch Marks -EXTRA-
New Leaves
Scale like Leaves
Leave Branches
Male "Buds" Forming
Male "Buds" Growing
Male "Buds" Nearly Flowers
Tree in "Flower"
Bunch of "Flowers"
Strobili (~3mm long), with Pollen Spores
Pollen Cloud, from tapping Male Flowers
Strobili, Pollen Spores Released
Old Male Flower
Early Cone
Cone Growing
Cone with Spikes
2 Cones Growing, size comparison
Young Cone
Ripe Cone
Cone Dispersed
Mass of Old Dispersed Cones
SantalalesSandalwood
Santalaceae
Sweet Quandong
Santalum acuminatum
LC
em
Other Common NamesDesert Quandong or Sweet Quandong

Another species whose leaves are similar to both E. longifolia & P. angustifolium.
The leaves are much lighter/greyer green without a proper stalk. Perhaps slightly fatter, but still long with a "hooked" pointed tip.
Quandong start as a parasite of the roots of other plants. Having established themselves we believe them to be self sufficient.
Whole Tree -EXTRA-
Structure
Branches
Leaves
Bud with Flowers
Flower, Front
Flowers, Colour
Bunches of Flowers
Flower Cluster Structure
SantalalesSandalwood
Santalaceae
Bitter Quandong
Santalum murrayanum
NT
em
Other Common NameMing
 
Whole
Trunk
Bark
Branch
Habit
Leaves
New Buds
Bud
Bud Stem
Bunch of Flowers
Perspective with Fingertips
Red & Green Flowers together
Red Flowers
Finished Flower Stalks
Ripening Fruit
Ripening, Fruit 6 Days Later
Ripe Fruit, A further 9 Days Later
Ripe Fruit, Base
Perspective, Fruit on Branch
SapindalesSoapberry
Sapindaceae
Bullock Bush
Alectryon oleifolius
LC
m
Other Common NameRosewood

Thank you Andrew Allanson for identifying this species for us

A small, round tree with grey bark.
Leaves are long, thin, slightly pointed and grey green.
Whole Tree
Leaf
Leaves
Buds & New Flowers
Older Flowers

Copyright © 1996- Brett & Marie Smith. All Rights Reserved.
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