Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
    
Stat'NotesThumbnails: 503.   66 native species listed, with 50 from Ellura
Plant (Plantae) - Shrubs & Bushes
ApialesPittosporum
Pittosporaceae
Sweet Bursaria
Bursaria spinosa ssp spinosa
LC
em
Other Common NamesChristmas bush, Native Blackthorn

It'd be very easy to confuse this with Box thorn. The flowers are quite different, but unfortunately we don't have any photo's of them yet. It's spring, so hopefully won't be long
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Bluebush Daisy
Cratystylis conocephala
LC
em
Other Common NamesBluebush or Blue-bush Daisy

Similar Species: Pearl Bluebush

From a distance, very easy to confuse with Pearl Bluebush in shape and colour (hence the name we suspect). Up close it's easy to spot the difference.
Generally larger than the Pearl Bluebush in our area.
Whole
Structure
Structure
Leaf
Leaves
Buds
Bud
Flower going to Seed
Flower tube Drying, about to Seed
Flower tube Splitting, as it Seeds
Seed Dispersing
Several Seeds Fell together
Single Seed, with Ant
Single Seed, End
Barbs on Seed Bristles
Compared to Pearl Bluebush
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Short-leaf Daisy-bush
Olearia brachyphylla
LC
em
Small white flower with 8 petals. Buds are green & white with red highlights.
Leaves are very small and felted underneath.
Stems are soft and pale green when new, hardening to grey wood with age.
A low dense bush, which blends into the background until it flowers, when it stands out like a beacon.
Whole in Flower
Whole in Seed
Structure in Bud
About to Explode into Flower
Hairy/Felted Back of Leaf
New Bud showing Felt
Bud
Bud about to open
New Flower Centre
New Flower
Compared to O.+pimeleoides -EXTRA-
Seed Pods
Seed Pod
Seed in Pod
After Seeding
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Crinkle-leaf Daisy-bush
Olearia calcarea
RA
em
Other Common NameLimestone Daisy-bush

Marie really out-did herself to find this one. She has amazing pattern recognition abilities.
We walked past a couple of these bushes and she asked what they were. I said "O. muelleri". She said "No, it's different". I took a slightly closer look and said "Oh, O. magniflora". "No, it's not that either."
I then took a really long look and said "I have no idea; you've done it again. How do you do that ?" Of course as soon as she asked what it was I instinctively knew something was up, 'cause she knows O. muelleri & O. magniflora like the back of her hand.
It is said that O. calcarea is a natural cross between O. muelleri & O. magniflora. And we can certainly see why.
The two specimens we've found on Ellura have quite different buds. One has large green buds, the other small copper highlighted buds. But the rest of the bush looks the same. One suspects one being in a small clearing on it's own, and the other at the base of a small mallee tree is the reason.
Whole
Structure
Structure, close
Leaves (~12mm long)
Large Bud (S1) (~13mm high)
Small Red Bud (S2)
O. muelleri (left) comparison
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Splendid Daisy-bush
Olearia magniflora
NT
em
Usually this bush likes to live with in the safety of another bush
When on its own it's a very straggly looking affair.
Beautiful large pale purple flowers
Leaves are stiff and like shovels, with up to 4 small prongs coming out the side.
Whole (on it's own)
Whole (in another)
Leaf
Buds
Bud Opening
New Flower
Old Flower (long stamen)
Seeded - In Seed
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Mueller's Daisy-bush
Olearia muelleri
LC
em
Other Common NameGoldfield's Daisy

Small, round, green, succulent leaves. Small white flowers, yellow centres.
A dense bush with stems that go from stiff green to grey wood with age.
Whole Bush in Flower
Whole Bush after Seeding -EXTRA-
Structure
Leaves & Buds Opening
Leaves, Bud & New Flower
Leaves, Bud & Flower
Leaves & Old Flower
Husk - Seeding - In Seed
Husk after Rain -EXTRA-
AsteralesDaisy
Asteraceae
Pimelea Daisy-bush
Olearia pimeleoides ssp pimeleoides
LC
em
Other Common NameShowy Daisy-bush
 
Structure
Leaves
Compared to O.+brachyphylla -EXTRA-
AsteralesGoodenia
Goodeniaceae
Spiny Fan-flower
Scaevola spinescens
LC
em
Other Common NameCurrant Bush

An unattractive bush with light grey foliage and stems.
Very stiff with spikes coming from the stems.
Whole Bush
Structure, Leaves, Flowers & buds
Flowering Bush
Bud
Bud Showing Split Lines
Bud Splitting / Opening
Bud Opening
Bud Opening
Flower
Flower
Flower
Flowers
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Pointed Saltbush
Atriplex acutibractea ssp acutibractea
LC
em
 
Whole
New Leaves
Leaves & Bud
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Kidney Saltbush
Atriplex stipitata
LC
em
Other Common NamesMallee Saltbush or Bitter Saltbush

Previously we considered these to have swollen fruits, which didn't make much sense.
But of course we now realise they are galls.
Structure
Leaves & Fruit
Galls & Flat Fruits -EXTRA-
Gall -EXTRA-
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Bladder Saltbush
Atriplex vesicaria
NT
em
 
Whole Bush
Structure
Leaves
Bud showing stamen
Flower opening
Flower open
Male Flowers
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Cottony Saltbush
Chenopodium curvispicatum
LC
em
Other Common NameCottony Goosefoot

Generally more a creeper rather than a bush.
Green to silvery grey leaves which are triangular and shovel shaped.
The fruit is encapsulated in a crystalline (sugary) looking shell that splits open into 5 pieces. As it dries and opens it looks like a red flower with 5 petals.
Leaves
Branch
Fruit
Dispersed
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Ruby Saltbush
Enchylaena tomentosa var tomentosa
LC
em
Other Common NameBarrier Saltbush

A soft, pretty little bush with bright, shiny, ruby red to yellow fruits (on the same bush). Young fruit is green.
We're pretty sure that the old fruits can also be green (as per photo here). Others suggest all fruit goes red with time, but we don't agree with this; with our specimens. It's always possible there are unknown subspecies with different behaviours.
Leaves can be pale green (almost white) thru dark green with dark red tips, cylindrical and succulent.
Stem is generally grey and woody.
Can have a spreading or upright habit, often entwined in another bush.
Whole
Upright Structure
Spreading Structure
Pale, Felted Leaf
New Fruit & Reddish Leaves
Lots of Fruit & Green Leaves
Orange Fruit
Mature Ruby Red Fruit
Mature Yellow Fruit
Mature Green Fruit
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Short-leaf Bluebush
Maireana brevifolia
LC
em
SynonymsKochia brevifolia, Enchylaena tamariscina or Kochia tamariscina

Other Common NamesCottonbush, Small Leaf Bluebush or Yanga Bush

On the whole a very straggly plant.
But the prominent green heads / tops, with red branches are quite pretty.
Flowers are almost invisible. Like most Maireana's; the fruit looks more like a flower and is quite beautiful.
The new fruits have a beautiful red edge to the wings.
Whole bush, being supported by a log
Structure / Green Head
New Branch Forming
Leaves & Stem
Buds, Flowers & Leaves
Flowers turning to Fruit
Mass of Fruit
3 Fruits; Dried, Mature, New
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Rosy Bluebush
Maireana erioclada
LC
em
Deep pink/red fruits which are flat with a tiny back centre, that becomes fury/woolly/wooly as it matures. The black centre is actually the dried remnants of the flower. The fruit appear flat with one horizontal "wing"; but in outline are cup shaped (when taking the rear vertical wings into account).
The fruits are diagnostic, as they are with all the bluebush; they have a single slit in the "wing" which is very hard to spot. The 5 fins (vertical wings) at the back, supporting the horizontal wing (at the front) are more obvious.
The leaves are alternating, glabrous (smooth & hairless), succulent and cylindrical (obovoid to clavate) with a tiny soft point at the tip. The size of the leaves, as well as quantity, relates directly to how wet or dry it has been.
As the leaves age, they turn from solid green to pink/red tips.
They turn black & shrivel over summer as the plant extracts moisture to survive; leaving a grey shell until the winter rains come.
Stems are covered in white fury/wool
Whole, young fruit
Whole (~300mm high)
Whole
Whole
Whole, fruit ending
Habit
Habit
Habit
Leaves
Leaves
Leaves, red tips
Leaves, drying
Flowers, new
Flowers (~2mm wide)
Flowers
Pollen
Flowers dying & new fruit
Young fruit
Fruit, profile
Fruit, anterior (~10mm wide)
Fruit, highlighting vertical wings
Fruit, slit
Fruit, dried
Lot a fruit
Mass of fruit
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Erect Mallee Bluebush
Maireana pentatropis
LC
em
Small, cylindrical, succulent, green leaves on long woody buff stems. Flowers are tiny white at the base of the leaves on the stem.
In summer the plant takes nutrients from the leaves, leaving the leaves to shrivel up into black husk.
Several Plants
New Stem, Leaves & Flowers
Summer Dried Leaves
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Radiate Bluebush
Maireana radiata
LC
em
SynonymKochia radiata

Other Common NameGrey Bluebush
 
Whole
Whole
Structure
Woolly Bud, Leaves & Stem
Leaves Drying
Dried Leaves
Flowers Male•Female
Flowers
Flowering & Fruiting
Fruit Stem
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Rohrlach's Bluebush
Maireana rohrlachii
LC
em
Probably one of the most beautiful bluebush fruits. The fruit wings are curved and have deep red edges, going to shiny copper centres.
The wing is one piece with a single slit, which is hard to spot.
The centre fleshy part of the fruit is green and cone shaped on the back.
The stems are hairy, and leaves typical of Maireana; succulent green with red tinges.
We confused these for a while with M brevifolia, as they can have a bit of a red ring. But closer inspection shows the single wing vs 5 for M brevifolia. The plant is similar though (well that's my excuse & I'm sticking to it
without the red stems.
Whole
Whole, small
Structure
Leaves -EXTRA-
Flowers in Bloom
Flowers going to fruit
Fruit, new
Fruit, back
Fruit, transluscent wing
Fruit, slit in wing
Fruit, lots
Fruit, lots, paler
Fruit, profile (~12mm high)
Fruit, just beautiful
Fruit, beautiful 1 day perfect the next
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Pearl Bluebush
Maireana sedifolia
LC
em
Other Common NamesDense Bluebush or Bluebush

Similar Species: Bluebush Daisy

These are very easy to spot.
They are very bright at certain times of year and almost glow.
Like the old silver Xmas trees.
Medium sized bushes with cylindrical grey/silver leaves.
From a distance, very easy to confuse with Bluebush Daisy in shape and colour. Up close it's easy to spot the difference.
Generally smaller than the Bluebush Daisy in our area.
Leaves are very felted / covered in silky fibres (which is shiny).
Striking Colour
Whole, Beaming
Whole, Plain
Structure
Leaves
Female Flower, top right
Fresh Male Flowers
Old Male Flowers
Compared to Bluebush Daisy
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Fleshy Saltbush
Rhagodia crassifolia
LC
em
As with other saltbushes, the fruit of these is a bright red berry.
Unlike E. tomentosa we believe the green fruit is young, ripening to red.
Whole
Structure
New & Ripe Fruit
Fruit
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Mealy Saltbush
Rhagodia parabolica
LC
em
Other Common NamesFragrant Saltbush or Oldman Saltbush
 
Whole, Medium
Whole, Small
Young Structure
Old Structure
New Growth
Typical Leaf
Female Flowers
CaryophyllalesAmaranth
Amaranthaceae
Spiny Saltbush
Rhagodia spinescens
LC
em
Other Common NamesBerry saltbush, Creeping Saltbush, Hedge saltbush or Thorny saltbush

Compared to other Spiny shrubs, this is pretty soft and painless.
Has great variety of leaf colour from pale green thru to vivid red (we suspect the red ones are dying, like autumn leaves). Older leaves are green with a white milky coating and shiny reddish brown edges (margins). These leaves are very distinctive to this species making id easy, but aren't on young plants.
As with all saltbushes, has tiny flowers that are barely discernible.
The fruits are much darker than usual; a deep burgundy wine colour. As such, any red fruits you see with the naked eye are not fruits but the stained bracts remaining after the fruit has dropped.
Seedling
Young Plant
Whole, Small
Whole, Small
Whole, Medium
Whole, Large
Mature Plant Re-sprouting
Habit
Structure
Structure
Spine
Salty, Triangular, Green Leaf
Shiny, Brown Edged Leaf
Salty, Pointy, Green Leaves
Salty, Round, Green Leaves
Red Leaf
Bud Opening
Flower Perspective
Female Flower
New Male Flower
Male Flower
Female Flower Stem
Fruit Starting
Fruit Forming
Fruit, Well Hidden
Fruit Dispersed
DillenialesDillenia
Dilleniaceae
Prickly Guinea-flower
Hibbertia exutiacies
Na
a
Other Common NameSpiky Guinea-flower

These little bushes are a ray of sunshine in spring
The flowers drop their petals very easily, leaving discussion and quandry in their wake as one tries to work out this new green flowering plant
LOL
The yellow flowers are about 15mm wide, with the pale green buds at just over 2mm.
The flowers can vary in general appearance with the 5 petals being close together forming a buttercup flower appearance, or spread apart looking like a star.
Counting the petals isn't easy with petals often overlapping, yet each one having an indent in the end making it appear to be 2 petals close together.
The green, nearly cylindrical leaves have a sharp spike on the end (hence prickly) and are about 8mm long. They are adjacent, often in swirls of 5 leaves (ie about 70 deg apart), with fine teeth along the edge.
Whole, in flower
Habit
New Leaves
Buds
Bud Opening
New Flower, lost all petals
Flowers, with & without petals
Flower, lost 1 petal
New Flower, profile
Flower, spread petals
Mature Flower, profile
DillenialesDillenia
Dilleniaceae
Silky Guinea-flower
Hibbertia sericea
LC
ma
 
Photograph yet to be loaded.
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Wreath Wattle
Acacia acinacea
VU
m
SynonymAcacia rotundifolia

Other Common NamesGold-dust Wattle or Round-leaved Wattle
 
Whole
Leaves
Buds
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Silver Mulga-bush
Acacia argyrophylla
LC
m
Thank you Andrew Allanson for identifying this species for us
 
Whole
Leaves
Seed Pod
Seed
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Hakea Wattle
Acacia hakeoides
LC
em
Thank you Andrew Allanson for helping with the identification of this species

We have quite a few examples were multiple bushes look like one huge bush.
Bright yellow, petal-less, ball flowers with long, oval, green leaves. The leaves are wide with a round tip and often have a thin yellow edge.
Stems are yellow when young going through green, brown then to grey wood with age.
Seeds are grown in pods. Unlike most pods these are very shaped, around each seed. When the pod splits open the black seeds can be seen, and are held in by stalks until ready to disperse.
Whole Bush in Flower
Several Whole Bushes in Flower
Whole Bushes under Mallee
Bush with Dried Pods
Structure & Leaves
Early Bud
Buds
Bud, Leaf & Flower
Flower, with mating Weevils
Green Pods
Dried Pods
Seed with Stalk
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Sandhill Wattle
Acacia ligulata
LC
m
Other Common NamesDune Wattle, Small Cooba or Umbrella Bush

Thank you Andrew Allanson for identifying this species for us
 
Whole
Leaves & Stem
Leaf tip variation
Dried Seed Pods
Seed Perspective
Seed & Orange Arial
Seed & Yellow Arial
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Spine Bush
Acacia nyssophylla
LC
em
Other Common NamesPin Bush or Spinebush

Very similar to Wait-a-while, A. colletioides, except the leaves (phyllodes) have 16 parallel veins (nerves), not 8.
Yellow flowers don't have petals, but are spherical/ball-shaped.
Seeds come in long, flat pods a bit like beans.
Whole Bush
Bush in Flower
Old Bush
Needle leaf -EXTRA-
Buds & Leaves
Flowers & Phyllodes
Seed & Pods
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Umbrella Wattle
Acacia oswaldii
LC
m
Other Common NameOswald's Wattle

Thank you Andrew Allanson for identifying this species for us
 
Leaves
Flower
Flower Stem
Pods
Pod
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Hard-leaf Wattle
Acacia sclerophylla var sclerophylla
LC
em
Similar to A. hakeoides, but the leaves are much narrower, with a pointy tip. At the tip, the leaf dries to a hard black/grey point. Leaves don't have the yellow edge, but are strongly veined / striped.
Generally the bushes are shorter and more sprawling than the Hakea Wattle.
When in flower the bush looks like a mass of upright flower stems, whereas the Hakea tends to look like a big, wide, yellow ball.
The seeds are held in the pods with a white cup. There is no cup holding the seed in the Hakea Wattle.
Whole Bush
Masses of New Buds
New Buds, Above
New Buds, Profile
New Buds Breaking Out
New Buds on Stalks
Bud, Leaves & Flowers
Green Pods & Leaves
Dried Pods & Seeds
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Mallee Bush-pea
Eutaxia microphylla var microphylla
LC
em
Other Common NameCommon Eutaxia

Stiff structure, where the small green leaves seem to completely wrap the young stems, however, the stems are the same colour as the leaves. So they don't completely wrap it.
Bright yellow pea-like flowers.
Buds are deep red / brown.
Whole
Structure
Lots of Buds
Bunch of Flowers
Flower
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Large-leaf Bush-pea
Pultenaea daphnoides
Na
a
A tall (up to 2m) spindly bush, with wedge shaped leaves; note the pointed "tip" on the leaves
Whole
Early Buds
Leaves
Buds & Young Flowers
Flower Laden
Young Flowers
Older Flowers
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Broad-leaf Desert Senna
Senna artemisioides ssp coriacea
LC
em
All our Senna's start growing the pods from the centre of the flower as soon as the flower opens. It's a thin green bent stalk in the middle. As the flower is pollinated and so dies and falls off around the stem, the pod continues to grow.
Seedling
Whole Bush
Structure
Flower & New Pod
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Fine-leaf Desert Senna
Senna artemisioides ssp filifolia
LC
em
Other Common NameSilver Cassia

Bright yellow flowers with 5 petals.
Leaves are light green and very long, thin and cylindrical which split in two half way along (into leaflets). Look more like new stems than leaves.
Overall the bush looks spiky on top. Very easy to confuse with s.a. ssp zygophylla as they both seem to have narrow leaves. But closer inspection reveals the filifolia having cylindrical leaves, whereas the zygophylla has very curved end leaflets.
Bright green flat pods (similar to beans) dry on the bush to a dark rusty brown and are crispy.
Also very similar to ssp petiolaris. As ssp filifolia leaves age, the base of the leaf flattens out, so is not totally cylindrical as it is when young. But to be sure notice it is divided in the middle (ie half and half).
Whole Bushes starting to Flower
Whole Bush in Flower
Whole Bushes with Pods
Structure with New Buds & Leaves
Showing Spiky Appearance
Buds nearly Open
New Flower
Old Flower
Green Pods, Flowers & Leaves
Dried Pod showing Seed
Seeds in Pod
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Woody Desert Senna
Senna artemisioides ssp petiolaris
LC
em
Other Common NamesFlat-stalk Senna, Woody Cassia

Similar to ssp filifolia, but the base of the leaf is always flattened, not cylindrical, even in the young leaves.
The leaf base is thicker (compared to length) than old filifolia leaves.
The leaf splits into leaflets about 2/3rds the way along, not 1/2 way (as in filifolia).
ssp petiolaris leaflets tend to curve over more on the ends compared with ssp filifolia leaflets.
All these tendencies mean that you could get a leaf off a ssp filifolia bush that matches a ssp petiolaris. But you won't see a petiolaris leaf that has a cylindrical base.
All Senna artemisioides can loose the end leaflets.
Whole
Perspective
Leaf
2 Leaf bases (no leaflets), not a leaf
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Grey Desert Senna
Senna artemisioides ssp sturtii
Na
em
Other Common NamesDesert Senna or Grey Cassia

Very similar to the other S. artemisioides.
Most closely similar to ssp coriacea. Notice however the leaflets are narrower and more pointed.
Whole
Leaves
Leaf
Leaf
FabalesLegume
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Twin-leaf Desert Senna
Senna artemisioides ssp zygophylla
Na
em
Other Common NamePunty Bush

Very similar to the Senna artemisioides ssp filifolia, but the leaves are not cylindrical; even though they look it from one side. They are heavily curved, like a new moon in cross section. The photo's tell the story easier than it is to describe them.
The leaves are also shorter, which reduces the spiky appearance.
Oops, forgot to mention; they also regularly have 4 leaflets, not the 2 of filifolia.
Whole Bush
Structure
Leaf
New Flowers
Old Flowers
Green Pod
Drying Pods
Dried Pod
LamialesForget-me-not
Boraginaceae
Smooth Blue-flower
Halgania andromedifolia
LC
em
Other Common NameScented Blue-flower

Smallish, stiff, shiny, green leaves. Pale green / white felted underneath.
Blossoms with a blue / pale-purple flower with 5 petals.
Leaves superficially resemble Beyeria lechenaultii leaves, but Halgania leaves are much larger and are pointy.
Whole Bush
Leaves
Bud & Leaf
Flower with Raindrops
Sepals
Bunch of Flowers
LamialesForget-me-not
Boraginaceae
Rough Blue-flower
Halgania cyanea
LC
m
 
Whole
Structure
Flower
LamialesMint
Lamiaceae
Scarlet Mintbush
Prostanthera aspalathoides
LC
em
Other Common NamePixie Caps

Has an Eremophila style red flower, which is speckled under macro photography.
Buds are like a Spanish soldiers helmet.
Leaves are like a Maireana's, green, succulent and cylindrical (also speckled).
Generally a dense bush.
Whole
Whole
Bud, Flower & Leaf
Flower & Leaf
LamialesMint
Lamiaceae
Stiff Western Rosemary
Westringia rigida
LC
em
Other Common NameStiff Westringia

A very stiff plant. The plants overall bell shape makes it look as though there's big pot in the middle with a creeper that's overflowed.
Flowers are small and delicate with 5 hairy petals arranged in an orchid shape. The flower's "tongue" is speckled with tiny red blotches.
We have another variety which has a different habit. It's sparse and generally looks greener. Flowers are the same, as are the individual stems. We thought they were seedlings at first, but there are other young plants that look like bonsai versions of the large ones. So we are not sure why some are different. The sparse ones are generally smaller.
Seedling
Whole
Summer Red Colour
Sparse Variety
Structure
Flower
New Growth
LamialesPlantain
Plantaginaceae
Bluerod
Stemodia florulenta
LC
m
SynonymMorgania floribunda
 
Whole
Structure
Leaf & Stem
Flower
LamialesFigwort
Scrophulariaceae
Narrow-leaf Emubush
Eremophila alternifolia
RA
m
Other Common NamesNarrow-leaf Fucia Bush, Native Honeysuckle, Poverty Bush
 
Flower
Flower & Leaf
LamialesFigwort
Scrophulariaceae
Turkey-bush
Eremophila deserti
RA
m
SynonymMyoporum deserti

Other Common NamesCarrot Bush, Dogwood, Pencil Bush, Poison Bush, Turkeybush or Turkish Bush

We thought it was a Myoporum based on the leaves, structure & flowers.
But the fruits were eremophila like.
The synonym shows even the experts weren't sure

Leaves are long, thin, entire with a typical myoporum hook on the end.
Flowers are white with 5 petals on short tubes at the end of a stalk. Up to 3 stalks come from the leaf axis and droop down / weep, but generally there was only one flower per leaf.
Structure
Leaves, Buds, Flowers & Fruit
Fruit
LamialesFigwort
Scrophulariaceae
Tar Bush
Eremophila glabra
LC
em
Other Common NamesCommon Emubush or Black Fuchsia

Very common on Ellura.
Flower colour cannot be used for identification. We have green through orange & various shades of red; with the typical Eremophila shape.
Leaves also vary in shape (rounded end to slightly pointy) and colour. They are stiff, roundish and vary between pale (younger) and dark (older) green, giving the bush a two toned appearance. They are also covered in oil (tar) giving the leaves a rough textured appearance.
Flowers can also be hairy or smooth.
Whole
Our Biggest Glabra
A Mini Hedge (Several Bushes)
Structure
Leaf
Fire engine red Smooth Flower
Deep red Smooth Flower
Brown red Smooth Flower
Orange Smooth Flower
Reddish Green Smooth Flower
Green & Red Smooth Flower together
Red Hairy Flower
Orange Hairy Flower
Fruit & Leaves
New Fruit
Fruit
LamialesFigwort
Scrophulariaceae
Spotted Emubush
Eremophila maculata ssp maculata
VU
m
 
Whole in bloom
Leaves
Bud
Hanging Flower, profile, & Bud
Flower with spots
Flower, no spots, buds and stalk
LamialesFigwort
Scrophulariaceae
Scotia Bush
Eremophila scoparia
LC
m
Other Common NameSilver Emubush

Lilac/pale purple bell shaped flowers.
Leaves are thin cylindrical and green.
The plant has an upright, stalky appearance.
Whole Bush
Flower & Stem
Flower
MalpighialesSpurge
Euphorbiaceae
Felted Wallaby-bush
Beyeria lechenaultii
LC
em
Very similar to the Smooth Wallaby-bush.
Leaves are thicker and slightly curved (so they "wrap around" on the back instead of being flat). Branches are more orange.
The most striking difference is the red buds & "petals" on the flowers.
We only have a few of these compared to an abundance of Smooth.
Whole
Structure (see Black caps)
New Leaf
Felted Leaf
Female Flower
MalpighialesSpurge
Euphorbiaceae
Smooth Wallaby-bush
Beyeria opaca
LC
em
Short, wide bush, with green fruit. Fruit has red cap when young, darkening to black later.
Leaves are dark green on top, pale under.
New growth is lime green, almost yellow, and darkens to a deep bottle green.
Flowers are small, with no petals, and look yellow due to the stamen.
Whole
New Leaf
Leaf Back
Flat Leaf & Red Cap
Bud, Flower & Leaf
Female Flower
Fruit
Fruit Drying
Old Fruit Split (after summer)
Fruit Has Fallen
MalvalesMallow
Malvaceae
Australian Hollyhock
Malva preissiana
LC
m
SynonymLavatera plebeia
 
Whole
Flower
MalvalesDaphne
Thymelaeaceae
Thyme Riceflower
Pimelea serpyllifolia ssp Serpyllifolia
LC
em
An innocuous plant that, having identified it, is suddenly everywhere

It has the tiniest little yellow flowers that look like 10 pin bowling pins.
Through the year it changes appearance dramatically
Over summer it sheds a lot of leaves and looks totally different to it's luscious spring time cover.
Whole (lush spring garb)
Whole (slim summer look)
Structure
Buds and leaves
Loosing leaves
Flower Profile
Flower, Above
Going to Seed
MalvalesDaphne
Thymelaeaceae
Erect Riceflower
Pimelea stricta
LC
m
 
Whole
Structure
Flowers & Leaves
Buttercup
Ranunculales
Buttercup
Ranunculaceae
Old Man's Beard
Clematis microphylla
LC
em
Not really a shrub, but a climber. Too big to put under Forbs.
Creamy large flowers with 4 long oval petals.
Green leaves. New stems are green going dark reddish brown with age.
Whole -EXTRA-
Structure
Flower
Rose
Rosales
Buckthorn
Rhamnaceae
Heath Cryptandra
Cryptandra tomentosa
RA
em
Other Common NamePrickly Cryptandra

A very stiff structure, reminiscent of boxthorn. Leaves are dark green and tiny cylinders. On first inspection it looks like the flowers are compound of white balls. A closer look reveals this to be creamy white buds with tiny bell flowers. As flowers bloom, the "white balls" get a spiky appearance, due to the bell flowers 5 triangular tipped petals. Flowers die to a pretty apricot colour adding to the display.
Whole Bush
Structure
Buds
Flowers
SantalalesSandalwood
Santalaceae
Leafless Cherry
Exocarpos aphyllus
LC
em
SynonymExocarpus aphyllus

Other Common NamesNaked Lady or Current Bush

Literally, no leaves, just green stems that are similar to the wait-a-while leaf.
A small tree rather than a bush in some situations.
Seedling
Whole Bush
Bud with mites
Bud Opening
Flower
Size Comparison
Fruit & New Stem
New Fruit
Fruit
Ripening Fruit
Ripe Fruit
Fruited & Stem Starting
New Stems
SapindalesNitrariaceaeNitre-bush
Nitraria billardierei
LC
em
SynonymNitraria schoberi

Other Common NamesDillon Bush, Native Grape, Nitre Bush or Wild Grape

Thank you Kitty & Tony for identifying this species for us

Our one and only specimen (so far) is tucked behind a big Caletris, which has then had a major branch fall on it. So we've not been able to get a photo of the whole.
Since it's so shady, we also suspect this is why there is no fruit on it.
Structure
Structure
Leaves (~10-20mm long)
Pods Forming
Whole
Habit
Bud Opening
Flower
SapindalesCitrus
Rutaceae
Desert Boronia
Boronia inornata ssp leptophylla
LC
em
Other Common NameDryland Boronia

The buds are prettier than the flower; Hot pink shades which gives the whole shrub a pink colouration (this fades as it blooms).
The buds and flowers range from white to deep pink. The buds can also be single coloured or variegated.
Cylindrical / baseball bat, green, shiny leaves.
New stems are rusty brown.
Whole
Structure
Buds
Buds & leaves
Buds & leaves
Flowers -EXTRA-
Flower
Flowers
SapindalesCitrus
Rutaceae
Sheep Bush
Geijera linearifolia
LC
em
Other Common NameOilbush

A plain looking, woody, large bush.
Has very small white flowers, with small spherical black fruit. Each fruit is encased in a protective skin that sheds when ripe.
Leaves are long, thin and pale green.
Whole Bush
Structure
Bud
Leaf & Bud
Flower
Starting to Fruit
Fruit
Fruit Splitting
Seed
SapindalesCitrus
Rutaceae
Red Microcybe
Microcybe multiflora ssp multiflora
RA
em
Other Common NameSmall-leaf Microcybe

A small, woody, round, dark green bush.
The cream & white compound flowers, at the end of stems, make the bush look very attractive in spring. Then in summer it takes on classy rustic red tones.
The "red" must surely refer to the seed heads when it's finished flowering.
The leaves are small, giving the stems a conifer look about them.
The seed pods are so small they are barely visible with the naked eye.

Exploration of Ellura has uncovered some amazing surprises. The unique & diverse way our natives survive & propagate is enthralling. Take for example the tiny seeds here. Each one delicately wrapped and grown in it's own clam shell pod; then ejected into the world hoping for a suitable place to germinate.
Whole Bush in flower
Whole Bush in seed
Structure in Flower
Structure in Seed
Bud, leaves, flower & stem
Flower
Dried Flower
Green Pod
Pod Drying with Split Line
Seed Emerging
Seeded with Green Pods
No more Seed
SapindalesSoapberry
Sapindaceae
Desert Hop-bush
Dodonaea stenozyga
LC
em
This is the only specimen we've found so far, and being male don't expect any fruit.
Whole Shrub
Structure
New Leaf Growth
Leaf & Male Flowers
Male Flowers
SapindalesSoapberry
Sapindaceae
Narrow-leaf Hop-bush
Dodonaea viscosa ssp angustissima
LC
em
A plain looking, woody, large bush.
But after it has flowered, it is covered in red fruit (with wings). Similar shape to Zygophyllum fruit, but very red.
The red jewel bugs hide well in the bush at this time of year.
Leaves are reasonably small, long and thin.
We have masses of these; such that after fruiting is over the ground is covered in a carpet of fallen fruit.
The fruit is not your typical fleshy variety; rather thin leaf like material with a seed in the middle of the wings.
More a seed pod with wings than fruit.
Whole Bush
Leaf
Buds
Male Flowers Opening
Bunch of Male Flowers
Male Flowers Drying
Fruit & Leaf
Mass of Green Fruit
A Red Fruit
Dried Fruit on Shrub with Seed
SapindalesSoapberry
Sapindaceae
Wedge-leaf Hop-bush
Dodonaea viscosa ssp cuneata
RA
em
Thank you Andrew Allanson for identifying this species for us

This is the only specimen of this species we've found so far, but it fruited well so we suspect another nearby.
It is well protected under a Sugarwood, surrounded by dead/fallen Callitris branches. As such it's well shaded from the sun and wind; which it seems to thrive on.
Whole Shrub
Leaf, Front
Leaf, Back
Structure
Female Red Flower
Female Buff Flower
Female Flower Head
Female Flower Head
New Fruit
Dark Fruit (young)
Pale Fruit (older)
New Growth
SolanalesNightshade
Solanaceae
Australian Boxthorn
Lycium australe
LC
m
Thank you Andrew Allanson for identifying this species for us

Typical boxthorn, and difficult to distinguish with the weed. Has small white flowers.
A difference between this native and the introduced African Boxthorn (Lycium ferocissimum) is that the weed can be greener and luscious.
For us, the easiest difference to spot was that the stamens (in the flower) of the weed are very long and protude well beyond the petals. With the native they are short and nearly level with the petals.
Several Old
Luscious
Succulent Leaves
Leaf (~30mm long)
Flower, profile
Flower, front (~7mm wide)
SolanalesNightshade
Solanaceae
African Boxthorn
Lycium ferocissimum
I
em
Thank you Andrew Allanson for identifying this species for us

These are a declared noxious weed.
Ooops. We thought we had the native. Our specimens generally looked very sparse and easy to mistake with the native (Lycium australe)
As soon as we realised (yesterday, 5 March 2014), we cut & swabbed them.
This situation highlights the need for web sites like ours: To help land owners & conservationists identify introduced species & eradicate them; giving natives more nutrients/water/space to grow. Which in turn gives native animals better things to eat & places to live in. Notice how natives always seem to be attacked by insects but introduced species aren't? Native insects depend on native plants to survive as they don't recognise introduced plants as useful. Birds & lizards thrive on insects. Ergo; less weeds = more birds & lizards. We've heard that if all the insects died today, man-kind would be extinct in 6 months!
Whole Bush
Structure
New Leaves
Leaves & structure
New Bud
Bud
Bud, perspective
Base of Flower; Long Stamen
Flower
Flower
Dried Flower
Dried Flower, Fruit Forming
Fruit Further Developing
Fruit, Still Green
Green Fruit, Perspective with Structure
Ripe Red Fruit
ZygophyllalesCaltrop
Zygophyllaceae
Shrubby Twinleaf
Zygophyllum aurantiacum
LC
em
Other Common NameNative Hop

A hardy plant that has beautiful yellow flowers, with 4 petals.
Twinleaf refers to the fact the leaves always branch off, in the middle, into 2.
Leaves are dark green and succulent, but much more cylindrical than the common twinleaf.
It has large, winged, pale green fruit.
Whole Bush Flowering
Whole Bush Drying (yellow)
Whole Bush Drying (brown)
Structure & Leaves
Flower
ZygophyllalesCaltrop
Zygophyllaceae
Climbing Twinleaf
Zygophyllum eremaeum
NT
em
Other Common NameNative Hop
 
Fruit

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