Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
    
It's possible 20 different species can look identical (needing dissection to differentiate); as such many id's here don't go to species level
Stat'NotesThumbnails: 794.   164 native species listed, with 122 from Ellura
Animal (Animalia) - Joint Leg (Arthropoda) - Insect (Insecta)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Anthelid Moth
:Bombycoidea Anthelidae
Toothed Anthelid
Anthela basigera?
Na
em
 
Whole, dorsal (~30mm)
Whole, ventral
Close up, head
Close up, white follicles
Close up, red hair + blue patch
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Snout Moth
:Bombycoidea Lasiocampidae
Dark Snout Moth
Genduara sp
Na
em
 
Profile
Anterior
Dorsal
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Snout Moth
:Bombycoidea Lasiocampidae
Clear Winged Snout Moth
Genduara subnotata
Na
em
Thank you Peter Marriott for confirming the identification of this species

The caterpillars have variations in colour (from grey to brown).
The adults reflect blue in artificial light that isn't visible in sunlight, which are camera artefacts
The males loose their scales easily to show clear wings. Even the female wings are quite translucent.
Both Males & females have large filamented antenna
On 25th April 2017, we caught specimen 8 and raised her to adult. She was found on Leafless Cherry (Exocarpos aphyllus) and was ~34mm long (ignoring hairy horns). She pupated pretty quickly so was in her final stage as a caterpillar. Notice she is quite white compared with other on-line photo's; which indicates this isn't just wear but a local variation. Possibly due to her food source. Our caterpillars also have a white streak on the back, which is less prominent in most other on-line photo's.
Female (S8), larva
Female (S8), pupa
Female (S8), dorsal
Female (S8), profile
Female (S8), anterior
Female (S8), underwings
Female (S8), translucent wings -EXTRA-
Female (S8), forewing patch
Female (S8), ventral
Larva (S2), dorsal
Larva (S4), dorsal (~22mm)
Larva (S4), Head
Larva (S4), ventral
Larva (S5), dorsal (~23mm)
Larva (S5), profile
Female (S1), dorsal, thin
Female (S1), profile
Female (S6), dorsal (body~20mm)
Female (S6), profile (wingspan~32mm)
Female (S6), anterior
Female (S6), posterior
Female (S6), ventral -EXTRA-
Female (S7), Body, dorsal
Female (S7), Body, profile
Female (S7), Eye + Antenna
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Emperor Moth
:Bombycoidea Saturniidae
Helena Gum Moth
Opodiphthera helena
Na
a
 
Male, Adult, Fore-wings only, dorsal
Male, Adult, Partial Hind-wings, dorsal
Male, Adult, All 4 Wings, dorsal
Male, Adult, front
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Hawk Moth
:Bombycoidea Sphingidae
Convolvulus Hawk Moth
Agrius convolvuli
Na
a
 
Adult Male, profile
Male, fore-wing pattern
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Hawk Moth
:Bombycoidea Sphingidae
Australian Striped Hawk Moth
Hyles livornicoides
Na
a
 
Whole, Adult, dorsal
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Goat Moth
:Cossoidea Cossidae
Goat Moth
Endoxyla amphiplecta
Na
em
Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying this species for us

Thank you Mark Ridgeway for helping with the identification of this species

Marie found this large moth today being attacked by small ants. Unsure of what was going on, we put her in a container, but couldn't get the ants off (being those tiny minute ones). Brought her back to the van and found eggs in the container. Using tweezers we got the ants off, which gave her some relief. Realising she was gravid took her out into a big pot full of local soil. She immediately started to push her ovipositor into the soil and "rippled" as she pushed eggs out (we assume). Clearly she can't fly, but has wings. Finding the female takes a keen observer and is a rare find, while the males are not so rare. A very worn and battered specimen making 100% identification just about impossible. But given her body size of about 60mm and being in SA, E. amphiplecta seems to fit the best. She's not as dirty as she looks; the "dirt" is actually her only remaining scales she has left. Her damaged wings were about 25mm long, body width approx 10mm, giving a wingspan of ~60mm
Female, profile
Female, anterior
Laying her eggs
Ovipositor tip
Eggs (~1mm long) -EXTRA-
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Goat Moth
:Cossoidea Cossidae
Goat Moth
Endoxyla sp
Na
em
Thank you Ethan Beaver for confirming the identification of this species

Ethan Beaver suggests it might be one of 3 species: E. lituratus, E. leucomochla or E. encalypti, but without a live specimen it won't be possible to narrow it down further.
Male, dorsal
Male, profile (body ~45m)
Male, anterior
Male, side (wingspan ~80mm)
Male, Shoulders, dorsal
Male, Shoulders, profile
Male, Body, profile
Male, Body, dorsal
Male, Hindwing, under
Male, Antenna & Eye -EXTRA-
Male, Antenna -EXTRA-
Male, Scales
Male, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Fringe-tufted Moth
:Epermenioidea Epermeniidae
Shark moth
Epermenia cf exilis
Na
a
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Seed Borer
:Gelechioidea Cosmopterigidae
Cosmet Moth
Limnaecia camptosema
Na
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Seed Borer
:Gelechioidea Cosmopterigidae
Cosmet Moth
Macrobathra sp
Na
em
 
Profile
Dorsal
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Seed Borer
:Gelechioidea Cosmopterigidae
Tufted Moth
Trachydora sp
Na
em
Other Common NameShark Moth

Estimated wingspan from the flyscreen is ~12mm. A small moth with a number of tufted scales on the back, with orange bases, and the trailing forewings are turned up when at rest.
Profile
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Black-spotted Moth
:Gelechioidea Ethmiidae
Black-spotted Moth
Ethmia anthracopis
Na
em
 
Profile
Dorsal
Front
Close up of Rear
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Black-spotted Moth
:Gelechioidea Ethmiidae
Black-spotted Moth
Ethmia eupostica
Na
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Twig Moth
:Gelechioidea Hypertrophidae
Satin Twig Moth
Thudaca campylota
Na
em
 
Profile -EXTRA-
Dorsal (body~10mm)
Dorsal, partial hindwing
Palps
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Brown Concealer Moth
Barea codrella
Na
em
Tiny little moth, it's sitting on a 22" computer screen and the squares in the background are screen pixels.
Dorals
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Modest Moth
Garrha pudica
Na
a
 
Whole, dorsal
Head
Profile
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Brown House Moth
Hofmannophila pseudospretella
I
a
 
Doral, natural colour
Doral, sharper
Profile (body~8mm)
Ventral (wingspan~20mm)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Purple Sheen Concealer Moth
Isomoralla curriculata
Na
em
 
Profile (~13mm)
Hindwing
Dorsal
Anterior
Labial Palps
Antenna
Ventral
Outside
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Pale Concealer Moth
Philobota partitella
Na
a
SynonymOecophora partitella
 
Pale Morph, profile
Pale Morph, dorsal
Pale Morph, palps
Pale Morph, ventral (body~9mm)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Oecophorid Moth
:Gelechioidea Oecophoridae
Dash Dot Concealer Moth
Philobota sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal (body~11mm)
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Timber Moth
:Gelechioidea Xyloryctidae
Calico Stem-borer Moth
Cryptophasa ochroleuca
Na
em
 
Whole, Adult, back
Whole, Adult, Antenna
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Streaked Heath Moth
Aglossophanes pachygramma
Na
em
 
Whole, Adult, dorsal
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Banded Cape-moth
Amelora ANIC6
Na
em
Similar Species: Broken-banded Cape-moth  
Female
Male
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Ribbon Cape-moth
Amelora belemnophora
Na
em
Interestingly we have only found males so far. Specimens 3 & 4, shown here, are rather different. S4 is probably fresh, with little scale loss. Whereas S3 is quite worn. Regardless, S4 is a darker morph which also shows in the darker edging under both wings. S3 is also quite a bit smaller at ~10mm body length (~26mm wingspan), with S4 at ~12mm body length (~32mm wingspan). S7 is in-between and showed it's hindwing rather nicely. We present S3 & S4 fully to help show the normal variations you can see with moths within one species. In profile, you can see the missing scales of S3 make them look quite different.
Don Herbison-Evans had some fascinating insights. He suggests the size difference is due to different food sources and sent us his link Sizing
He then said the emerging adult "pumps blood through its veins to expand the wings. Some pump a little and some pump a lot depending on previous nutrition etc. Once the wings are pumped, they dry, and then the blood in the wing veins sets solid to support the membranes. So some individuals end up with bigger wingspans than others". Fascinating, thanks Don
Male (S3), dorsal
Male (S3), profile
Male (S3), anterior
Male (S3), partial hindwing
Male (S3), ventral
Male (S4), profile
Male (S4), dorsal, wings closed
Male (S4), dorsal, wings spread
Male (S7), partial hindwing
Male (S4), ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Pointed Cape-moth
Amelora demistis
Na
em
 
Male (S4), dorsal
Male (S5), dorsal
Male (S6), faded, dorsal
Female (S1), dorsal
Female (S2), faded, dorsal
Female (S3), Hindwings
Female (S3), Body
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
White-winged Wedge-moth
Capusa cf cuculloides
Na
em
The lack of black on the trailing edge of the hind wing means this isn't C. senilis
Male
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Black-banded Wedge-moth
Capusa senilis
Na
em
These seem to be quite variable in colour, so perhaps a species complex. But the diagnostic feature of black bands trailing the hindwing places these specimens in C. senilis.
The black blotches on it's forewings are more obvious to the naked eye.
The sharply pointed, forward facing, "mane" can be receded by the moth at will. Possibly a defense mechanism to make it appear more aggressive or larger?
Gender can be differentiated by their antenna, with the females being thread-like.
Don Herbison-Evans has enlightened us that the wonderful mane these animals have is called a "Thoracic Crest", thanks Don
Male (S3), dorsal, wings spread
Male (S3), dorsal, wings wrapped
Male (S3), profile
Male (S3), Head
Male (S3), Partial Body
Male (S3), Mane Receded
Male (S3), ventral
Male (S1), dorsal
Female (S2), dorsal, wings spread
Female (S2), profile, wings wrapped
Female (S2), anterior
Female (S2), partial body
Female (S2), ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Finely Lined Carpet Moth
Chrysolarentia severata
Na
m
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Carpet Moth
Chrysolarentia sp
Na
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Forked Grass-moth
Ciampa arietaria
Na
em
Other Common NamesBrown Pasture Looper, Forked Pasture-moth

We have yet to find the female. A common moth (as evidenced by the number of sightings we've had) which has some unique characteristics.
The larva curl up at the base of plants looking like new, unfurled leaves.
The adults have a forked horn projection out the front of it's head. It's hairless and not part of the palps; a separate structure.
Larva 1, dorsal (~18mm)
Larva 1, profile
Larva 1, rear End
Larva 1, eyes & legs
Larva 1, ventral
Larva 2, camoflague (~12mm long) -EXTRA-
Larva 3, dorsal (~22mm)
Larva 3, posterior
Larva 3, back pattern
Larva 3, eyes
Male, dorsal (body ~15mm)
Male, profile
Male, posterior
Male, Body
Male, Antenna & Horn
Male, Horn + Palp are separate
Male, Horn
Male, Wings
Male, Wings up
Male, Wings wrapped
Male, anterior
Male, Forewing
Male, ventral
Male, ventral (note the Horn)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Bitou Tip Moth
Comostolopsis germana
I
em
Other Common NameEmerald Moth

Introduced into SA (Adelaides Hills & Murraylands), NSW & other areas from the lates 1980's; to control Boneseed & Horehound. It was thought to have died out in SA, but is seems it didn't.
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Red-lined Geometer
Crypsiphona ocultaria
Na
em
Other Common NamesRed-lined Geometrid, Redlined Looper Moth
 
Dorsal, Back-lit -EXTRA-
Dorsal & size (~40mm wingspan)
Ventral -EXTRA-
Outside, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Black-edged Geometrid
Cycloprorodes melanoxysta
Na
em
This is the first photo on Atlas of this species, and the first sighting in SA since 1891
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Banded Heath Moth
Dichromodes sp ES1
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Hindwings
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Pale Heath Moth
Dichromodes sp ES2
Na
em
 
Dorsal (body ~12mm)
Ventral
Hindwing
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Heath Moth
Dichromodes sp ES3
Na
em
 
Dorsal + Hindwing
Ventral (body ~20mm
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Thick-lined Bark Moth
Didymoctenia exsuperata
Na
a
 
Dorsal (~35mm wingspan)
Anterior
Antenna
Palps
Palps & Shoulder
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Red-spotted Delicate
Epicyme rubropunctaria
Na
a
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Russet Crest-moth
Fisera hypoleuca
Na
em
The hindwings trail with a dirty purple band underneath.
A brown speckled cream body.
Males have filamented antennae, while females (shown here) have thread-like antennae.
The front legs are brown, while the rear 4 are white.
A fairly large moth with a wingspan of ~50mm and body length of ~16mm
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, Antenna
Female, Horn
Female, Hindwings
Female, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
White-edged Wave
Idaea costaria
Na
a
These moths are very distinctive with a pale band across the leading edge of their wings and brown-red edging to the trailing edges of all wings.
Dorsal (wingspan~17mm)
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Bracken Moth
Idiodes apicata
Na
a
 
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Grey Bark Moth
Lipogya exprimataria
Na
em
SynonymLarentia exprimataria
 
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Broken-banded Cape-moth
Loweria platydesma
Na
em
Similar Species: Banded Cape-moth  
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Fine-lined Cape-moth
Loweria stenoscia
Na
em
A variable species with thin orange longitudinal marks that form a horizontal line; sometimes with a dark spot on the forewing
Dorsal, dark morph (S1)
Dorsal, pale morph (S2)
Hind wing, dark morph (S3)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Grey Nearcha Moth
Nearcha dasyzona
Na
em
A very pretty moth with a wavy line of black dots, shadowed with a brown band. They have a stunning black face, that isn't always visible.
The males have a couple of elongated patches of long, backward facing scales under the hingwings.
There can be variations in the intensity of the black dots such that they can join into a line. As well as how black the brown shadow is (from darker to ours, to almost non-existant). The same is true for the wavy line on the hindwings.
Wingspan ~36mm & body ~13mm.
According to Peter Merriot, in Moths of Victoria, digital supplement "Comparision of Nearcha", the pattern of this tuft is diagnostic. His images are of the left hindwing, with the head pointing up; otherwise the images match
Male, (S1) dorsal
Male, (S1) Wings Closed
Male, (S2) Showing some Body
Male, (S1) profile
Male, (S1) Head, dorsal
Male, (S1) Antenna
Male, (S2) Black Face
Male, (S2) Black Face Hidden
Male, (S2) Scale Patch -EXTRA-
Male, (S2) ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Fuscous Crest-moth
Paralaea ochrosoma
Na
em
 
Male, dorsal & Hindwings
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Pome Looper Moth
Pasiphilodes testulata
Na
em
SynonymChloroclystis testulata
 
Dorsal (wingspan ~23mm)
Profile
Anterior
Palps, profile
Palps, dorsal
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Wattle Looper
Phrissogonus laticostata
Na
a
Other Common NameApple Looper
 
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Lydia's Wave Moth
Scopula lydia
Na
ema
The males have antennae filaments, and are browner with less distinct markings than the females.
Female (E1), dorsal (Wingspan~15mm)
Female (E1), profile
Female (E2), Hindwings, dorsal
Male (E3), dorsal
Male (E3), Antenna
Male (E3), profile
Male (E3), ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Varied Wave Moth
Scopula optivata
Na
em
Similar Species: Wavy Noctuid

These seem quite fragile. Of the 3 specimens we've photographed, all have had damaged wings. The specimen here was the worst, but also the only one we captured to get the size & ventral detail.
Dorsal (E2) (Wingspan~25mm)
Dorsal (L1)
Ventral (L1)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Plantain Moth
Scopula rubraria
Na
ema
Note the dark and white striped antennae in this species, it's quite noticable. The males have reasonably obvious filaments.
Male (L3), Light Morph, dorsal
Female (L1), Light Morph, dorsal
Female (E1), Dark Morph, dorsal
Female (E2), Light Morph, anterior
Female (E1), Dark Morph, anterior
Female (E1), Dark Morph, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Grey-caped Line-moth
Stibaroma melanotoxa
Na
em
 
Male (S1), dorsal
Male (S2), dorsal
Male (S2), partial Hindwings
Male (S2), Body
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Looper Moth
Syneora AH06
Na
em
An undescribed species, but still included in the CSIRO database; the initials AH refer to Axel Hausmann.
Male, dorsal (S1), pale morph
Hindwing (S1), pale morph
Perspecitve (S1), with a hoverfly
Male, dorsal (S2), dark morph
Anterior (S2), dark morph
Profile (S2), dark morph
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Looper Moth
Syneora sp
Na
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Spring Taxeotis
Taxeotis perlinearia
Na
a
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Taxeotis
Taxeotis sp
Na
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Orange-spotted Taxeotis
Taxeotis xanthogramma
Na
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Angled Satin Moth
Thalaina angulosa
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Head
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Acute Point Moth
Unplaced biplaga
Na
a
SynonymsAzelina biplaga, Metrocampa biplaga

Interesting situation. It's been taken out of the taxon tree because someone believed it didn't belong where it was; but then didn't place it somewhere else.
Dorsal
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Vacuaria Carpet Moth
Xanthorhoe vacuaria
Na
em
 
Female
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Geometer
:Geometroidea Geometridae
Spider-mimicking Moth
Zermizinga sinuata
Na
em
Other Common NameLucerne Looper

Thank you Peter Marriott for identifying this species for us

The flightless females are ~8mm long, wingspan ~10mm; more grey on top, browner underneath. Unlike female clouded footmen, these do have wings. They are reduced and can't produce flight. When we first saw her the fore-wings were resting along the side as well as the hind-wings, but they stayed out the whole time we were photographing. At first we thought we saw a spider on the flyscreen, but were stunned to find it was a moth.
We have found 11 males (so far), in every season, with most over winter (June/July). We've only found 2 females in October.
Males are quite variable in colour. Body length is up to ~10mm, wingspan up to ~30mm
We find the process of identification easier to start with a darker one and work back to the paler / worn specimens.
The males also have an unusual "scarf" around the neck, which was most evident on S7, which was also one of the paler specimens. The scarf stands up as the head is bent down.
Fresh Male (S10), dorsal -EXTRA-
Male (S9), dorsal
Male (S8), dorsal
Male (S7), dorsal
Male (S6), dorsal
Male (S5), dorsal
Male (S2), antenna
Male (S7), anterior
Male (S7), scarf profile
Male (S7), scarf posterior
Fresh Male (S10), ventral
Female (S1), dorsal
Female (S2), profile
Female (S2), anterior
Female (S1), anterior, under
Female (S1), Hindwings, profile
Female (S1), Hindwings, posterior
Female (S1), ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Swift Moth
:Hepialoidea Hepialidae
Ghost Moth
Abantiades marcidus
Na
m
 
Female, dorsal
Female, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Swift Moth
:Hepialoidea Hepialidae
Rain Moth
Trictena atripalpis
Na
em
Other Common NameSwift Moth

Very large moth
Our male was about 55m long, with a wingspan of about 115mm
Dark grey with light grey lightening pattern on the wings
After discovering the horn on the Forked Grass moth recently, we wanted to clearly show the projections out the front of this species were in fact part of the palps, and not an additional appendage.
Male (S1), dorsal
Male (S3), Partial Hindwing
Male (S1), profile
Male (S1), Palps
Male (S3), Palps
Male (S3), Palps
Male (S1), ventral
Female (S2), profile (rotated)
Female (S2), ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Fairy Moth
:Incurvarioidea Adelidae
Black headed Longhorn Fairy Moth
Nemophora topazias
Na
a
 
Profile
Back
Whole; Very long Antenna
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Arctiidae
Wasp Moth
Amata aperta
Na
em
Other Common NameDay-flying Tiger Moth

Similar Species: Wasp Moth
Thank you Peter Marriott for identifying this species for us

We haven't seen them on Ellura until this one flew past one evening. A week later and we were happily inundated with them.
These species within the Amata genus are very difficult to distinguish; with even experts & the Australian National Insect Collection have trouble. They have a lot of varition within species, with A. Aperta generally having more orange head, and the area on the wing between the outside 2 patches being oranged, or an another blotch of orange. They all have orange patches on wings, with Black & orange striped body and a longitudinal orange stripe on each leg.
Males are larger & have a thinner body, compared with the females.
Male: All wings showing
Male: Whole
Mating: Female left, Male right -EXTRA-
Head, dorsal
Head, dorsal
Head, profile
Male, ventral -EXTRA-
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Arctiidae
Wasp Moth
Amata xanthura
Na
em
SynonymSyntomis xanthura

Other Common NameDay-flying Tiger Moth

Similar Species: Wasp Moth
Thank you Peter Marriott for identifying this species for us

These tend to have orange shoulders and black head, compared with Amata aperta
Male: Whole
Male: Whole
Head & Shoulders
Ventral
Profile
Face & Stiped Legs
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Arctiidae
Senecio Moth
Nyctemera amicus
Na
ema
Thank you Don Herbison-Evans for identifying this species for us

Mainly black with white blotches making a line on the wings.
Orange horizontal striped body and highlights behind the head and wing tips.
Caterpillar is black with longitudinal orange stripes and 2 sets of forward facing hair groups that look like feelers.
Pupa Case
Larva
Male
Female
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Arctiidae
Black and White Tiger Moth
Spilosoma glatignyi
Na
a
Other Common NameWoollybear Caterpillar
 
Female, profile
Female, front
Female, tail
Female, head & wing edge
Female, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Arctiidae
Desert Footman
Thallarcha rhaptophora
Na
em
 
Dorsal (S1)
Dorsal (S2) (body~5mm)
Profile (S2) (wingspan~18mm)
Anterior (S2)
Ventral (S2)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tiger Moth
:Noctuoidea Arctiidae
Halgania Moth
Utetheisa pulchelloides
Na
ema
SynonymUtethesia pulchelloides

Other Common NameHeliotrope Moth

Very colourful moth close up, but the colours are not visible when flying.
Another insect with a common name associated with a weed, but is a native insect. It's larvae eat Boraginaceae, with the most dominant plant in the family on Ellura being Halgania
White moth, with black and red swatches (almost an art deco fabric design).
Sometimes has mustard highlights around the shoulder.
There is another almost identical moth, the Salt and Pepper Moth (Utetheisa lotrix), that I think is usually further north. There are a few records for it from the Museum in SA.
There are images online showing the difference. If we ever spot one, we'll be able to create a difference series here.
Larva
Adult
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tussock Moth
:Noctuoidea Lymantriidae
White Tussock Moth
Acyphas chionitis
Na
a
 
Female, profile
Female, dorsal
Dorsal
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tussock Moth
:Noctuoidea Lymantriidae
Omnivorous Tussock Moth
Acyphas semiochrea?
Na
ema
 
Larva 1, dorsal
Larva 1, head
Larva 1, profile
Larva 2, perspective
Larva 3, dorsal
Larva 3, profile
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tussock Moth
:Noctuoidea Lymantriidae
Tussock Moth
Acyphas sp?
Na
a
We can't be sure which species these larva belong to, but are confident there is more than one species in these specimens shown here.
Larva 1, dorsal
Larva 2, dorsal
Larva 2, profile
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Bogong Moth
Agrotis infusa
Na
em
~22mm long, wingspan ~45mm
Female, Dark Morph, dorsal
Male, dorsal
Male, Hindwings
Male, Light Morph, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Brown Cutworm Moth
Agrotis munda
Na
ema
~16mm long, wingspan ~36mm
Male 1, dorsal
Male 1, Antenna
Male 2, profile
Male 3, posterior
Female 1, profile
Female 3, profile
Female 1, dorsal
Female 1, dorsal
Female 1, anterior
Female 2, dorsal
Female 2, anterior
Female 2, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Clouded Footman
Anestia ombrophanes
Na
ema
While the male moth is rather drab with his wings closed, the interest starts to peak when you see his wings open; such an orange flash. The caterpillars feed on lichen. Then to discover that both male & female caterpillars make their cocoon out of their own hair. They then pupate inside this and their gender can be determined at this early stage. The female is an incredible array of pink, black & white AND she doesn't have any wings when she emerges. She waits for a male to fly to her. They mate and then she deposits her eggs on the hairs of her cocoon. She then spends the rest of her short life tending to her eggs. What an interesting species!
Caterpillar
Male Pupa, new
Male Pupa
Male Pupa Case, empty
Female Pupa
Adult Male, dorsal (wingspan~25mm)
Adult Male, profile
Adult Male, ventral
Adult Female, dorsal
Adult Female, anterior
Adult Female with Eggs
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Grass Day Moth
Apina callisto
Na
em
Other Common NamePasture Day Moth

Thank you Don Herbison-Evans for helping with the identification of this species

We Id'ed this species from the first photo of a Larva some time ago. Unfortunately we don't keep records of this (still learning). But then we recently found the adult and was double checking on Don Herbison-Evan's site when we realised our larva looks different to the photo's on his site.
We almost pulled the photos from our site, but thought we'd ask the man himself.
Don is incredibly helpful and has a reputation of being a nice bloke. So he happily responded back with

"Yes those look like the 3 prothorax stripes of an Apino callisto caterpillar. Of course the real test is to rear it to the adult moth and compare that with the holotype. Individual caterpillars do vary in colour, depending on instar, food, microclimate, genetics, etc (like humans do)."

There's a big lesson here. We can't rely on Larva for a confident id. So in future we will always put a "?" against a species based on larva alone. Also, to re-iterate, identification from photos alone is fraught with difficulty & errors

Notice the strange horn extrusion on it's face.
While larvae vary greatly in size, these are ~45-50mm long. The female is ~25mm long & ~55mm wingspan
Larva1, Whole -EXTRA-
Larva1, Head & Prothorax -EXTRA-
Larva1, Yellow Spots on Rear
Larva2, profile -EXTRA-
Larva2, Prothorax -EXTRA-
Larva2, Rear Yellow Spot -EXTRA-
Larva2, 3 Breathing Holes -EXTRA-
Larva2, Front "Real" Legs -EXTRA-
Larva2, Rear "Prolegs"
Larva2, 2 Middle Pair of Prolegs -EXTRA-
Larva2, Dashed Stripes on the Back
Larva3&4, head of 1 & tail of the other -EXTRA-
Larva3&4, following each other
Larva, ventral
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, Head & Antenna
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, profile, wings up
Female, Hindwings
Female, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Mistletoe Moth
Comocrus behri
Na
a
Similar Species: Hibbertia Moth  
Wings up, anterior
Dorsal
Profile
Whole, anterior
Face
Anterior
Proboscis
Ventral, size (~25mm, ~70mm wingspan)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Crow Moth
Cruria donowani
Na
a
Similar Species: Hibbertia Moth
While this photo was taken in NSW, it's included here as it does occur in SA in the semi-arid evirons and is a good comparison to it's cousins the Mistletoe Moth & Hibbertia Moth
Dorsal
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Old Lady Moth
Dasypodia selenophora
Na
ema
Other Common NameGranny Moth (but this can refer to other species as well)

These moths have a propensity for buildings. We often find them in the patio, and when they can't get out they die which is rather sad. Fortunately they are very common and can be found everywhere in spring & autumn.
A beautiful large moth with a large "eye" on each forewing. The proper name for each "eye" is Reniform Stigma (thanks Mark
.
These Stigma are useful protection from predators that think twice before attacking such a huge "face".
They are quite shiny and perceived colours vary considerably depending on lighting angles & intensity.
They have a zig zag pattern on both fore & hindwings, but the forewing lines are much more well defined. Both wings also have a trailing line of small white dots at the top of each fold in the wing.
Underneath each wing also has a black spot (with a couple of black lines/patches on each side).
The orange ring surrounding the Reniform Stigma does seem to vary in thickness, as does the inner pale blue/white line.
Wingspan is ~80mm
Larva, dorsal -EXTRA-
Larva, profile
Larva, eyes
Larva, feet, profile
Larva, and more feet
Larva, face
Larva, ventral
Dorsal, thin orange ring
Dorsal, thick orange ring
Light angle colour variations
Profile
Anterior
The "Eye", called a Reniform Stigma
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Spotted Noctuid Moth
Diatenes gerula
Na
ema
 
Dorsal (~40mm wingspan)
Anterior
Posterior
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Orange Noctuid Moth
Diatenes igneipicta
Na
ema
 
Dorsal (wingspan~35mm)
Profile
Head, dorsal
Ventral
Anterior (S2)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Saltbush Cutworm
Ectopatria horologa
Na
em
The large number of photos of this species is to show the large variety of patterns speciemens can appear to have due to fading / wear.
It's not clear why the ventral photo's fat & thin bodies. It's possibly due to different genders, or perhaps one is gravid (pregnant).
They are ~18mm long, with wingspan ~40mm.
Dorsal (S1)
Dorsal (S2 - very worn)
Dorsal (S3)
Dorsal (S4)
Dorsal (S5)
Dorsal (S6)
Hindwings (S1)
Anterior (S1)
Profile (S1)
Camouflage (S1)
Ventral (S1 - fatter)
Ventral (S2 - thinner, worn above)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Wavy Noctuid
Ericeia subsignata
Na
em
Similar Species: Varied Wave Moth

Very similar to the Varied Wave Moth (Scopula optivata), but the head is different with large palps.
Dorsal (Wingspan~25mm)
Profile
Anterior
Forewing, ventral
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Cutworm Moth
Eublemma inconspicua
Na
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Australian Native Budworm
Helicoverpa sp
Na
em
Other Common NamesCorn Ear Worm, Tomato Grub, Tobacco Budworm or Cotton Bollworm

This photo could be either H. armigera or H. punctigera. Without seeing the hindwings (looking for a pale patch in the trailing black band in H. armigera), it's not possible to differentiate.
Back
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Lesser Budworm
Heliothis punctifera
Na
em
 
Orange Morph (S1), dorsal
Orange Morph (S1), body
Orange Morph (S1), profile
Orange Morph (S2), Hindwings
Brown Morph (S3), dorsal
Faded (S4), dorsal
Faded (S4), anterior
Faded (S4), profile
Faded (S4), ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Mini Owlet Moth
Mataeomera mesotaenia
Na
em
 
Dorsal (body~7mm)
Camera artifacts -EXTRA-
Profile (wingspan~16mm)
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Armyworm
Mythimna convecta
Na
em
 
Dorsal (body~22mm)
Dorsal
Partial hindwings
Profile
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Black Noctuid
Neumichtis nigerrima
Na
ema
 
Caught in a web
Profile
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Green Cutworm
Neumichtis saliaris
Na
a
Thank you Cathy Powers for identifying this species for us

The common name is based on the green caterpillar. Originally we identified this as N. archephanes They are an incredibly variable species going from this dark blue morph through to very pale brown. The subterminal line is the key, and on N. archephanes it's straight, not curved like this one. The subterminal line is the line between the blue band at the back of the forewings and the brown brown area torwards the middle of the forewings.
Dorsal
Profile
Front
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Brown Eutelin Moth
Pataeta carbo
Na
em
Thank you Peter Marriott for confirming the identification of this species

Thank you Dr Ken Walker for confirming the identification of this species

This was the 1st record for SA on the Atlas of Living Australia
Dorsal
Front
Rear
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Southern Armyworm
Persectania ewingii
Na
em
Notice we have both young & old specimens here. The old ones show wear and make for good comparisons of how different specimens of the same species can be, even with out any colour morphs. Not the ventral shots are worn as much as the top of the head.
Differences between the genders is difficult. The females have black dash lines on their body and are slightly larger (23mm to 18mm for the males). Males have plain bodies, their antennae filaments are slightly longer, but not hugely so and are smaller.
Female (S2), dorsal
Female (S3), profile
Female (S3), Body
Female (S1), anterior
Female (S3), ventral, younger
Female (S1), ventral, older (body~23mm)
Antenna comparison -EXTRA-
Male (S5), dorsal
Male (S6), profile (body~18mm)
Male (S5), side, above
Male (S5), Body
Male (S5), Hindwings
Male (S5), ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Hibbertia Moth
Phalaenoides glycinae
Na
a
Other Common NameGrapevine Moth

Similar Species: Mistletoe Moth  
Adult, profile
Adult, ventral
Larva
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Noctuid Moth
Proteuxoa cinereicollis ?
Na
em
While the white mark isn't quite the right shape on this one, it's also pretty banged up. We suspect the white mark has been damaged. Everything points to this species.
Profile
Dorsal
Head
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Y-barred Noctuid Moth
Proteuxoa epiplecta
Na
em
 
Dorsal (body~11mm)
Profile
Head
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Noctuid Moth
Proteuxoa restituta ?
Na
em
 
Dorsal (body~17mm)
Profile
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Herringbone Caterpillar
Proteuxoa sp ES1 ?
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile, legs
Head
Side
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Owlet moth
:Noctuoidea Noctuidae
Herringbone Caterpillar
Proteuxoa sp ES2 ?
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral (~30mm)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tuft Moth
:Noctuoidea Nolidae
Gum leaf skeletoniser
Uraba lugens
Na
a
The main diagnostic features: Small (around 4mm), very hairy (long), 4 rows of yellow dots and they eat / live on the surfaces of gum leaves
Very variable skin colour; as can be seen. As well as orange or black heads.
Close up on one
Orange Head
Black one with others
Different sizes
Perspective
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Oakworm
:Noctuoidea Notodontidae
Prominent Zig-zag Moth
Commonia hesychima
Na
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Oakworm
:Noctuoidea Notodontidae
Bag Shelter Moth
Ochrogaster lunifer
Na
em
Other Common NameProcessionary Caterpillar

Caterpillars that form a line when travelling.
When the line is broken they form a wagon circle, until one starts heading out and the rest follow.
The larvae seem to be nocturnal, eating at night and then heading for protection after dawn to the bag; which is at the bottom of bush or tree and sometimes not the food source. One suspects the chosen home involves the best camoflage for the day; even though they are at risk while travelling.
When in procession, if the leader looses connection with the 2nd, it stops and waits for the 2nd one to catch up. Size has no bearing on who leads.
There is a large variety of sizes in one train. At least two different hatchings are visible here, so this is a community activity rather than a family one.
The bags are very well camouflaged with dried seed heads. They seem to leave a trail of silk / web on the ground to help find the bag. The silk strands were not visible in the bush.
About 10% of our Senna zygophylla in a 5 acre area were infested, but not the Senna filifolia, that are mixed in with the S. zygophylla and look so similar.
Video:
A 28 processionary caterpillar train, about 1m long. We've seen a train up to 2m (5Mb)
A small processionary caterpillar train, up close showing the "connections" (11Mb)
The silken trail of Bag shelter moth larva between their food tree and their shelter bag (16Mb)
A lot of Bag shelter moth larvae (16Mb)
Head & Back
Profile & Feet
The Canteen
Food Orgy
Off to safety
The silken road home
The front door
Home is where the BAG is
Trail covered in dew
Female Front
Female Profile
Female Wings
Female Body
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Snub Moth
:Noctuoidea Oenosandridae
Boisduval's Autumn Moth
Oenosandra boisduvalii
Na
a
 
Male, Adult, profile
Male, Adult, dorsal
Male, Adult, front
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Plume Moth
:Pterophorioidea Pterophoridae
Xerodes Plume Moth
Stangeia xerodes
Na
ma
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Plume Moth
:Pterophorioidea Pterophoridae
Horehound Plume Moth
Wheeleria spilodactylus
I
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Saltbush Web Spinner
Achyra affinitalis
Na
ema
Other Common NameCotton Web Spinner

It's interesting that the brown morphs were photographed in the Adelaide Hills. The Red Morphs were photographed in the Murray Mallee, with a propensity for red sandy loam; suggesting a camouflage variation for local areas.
Body length ~10mm & wingspan ~24mm
Dark Brown Morph, dorsal
Dark Brown Morph, profile
Light Brown Morph, dorsal
Light Red Morph, dorsal
Light Red Morph, dorsal
Light Red Morph, profile
Dark Red Morph, dorsal
Dark Red Morph, profile
Dark Red Morph, partial Hindwing
Dark Red Morph, very worn
Dark Red Morph, scales
Dark Red Morph, head, close up
Dark Red Morph, antenna
Light Brown Morph, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Yellow Striped Cambrid
Glaucocharis dilatella
Na
a
Other Common NameOcellated Web Moth

A stunning little moth on screen, yet nondescript to the naked eye.
Generally sits with it's legs forward and antennae laid back over it's body.
Large scaly palps held out forward making quite a snout
The forewings wings trail with longitudinal short yellow stripes separated by black marks. Followed by metallic silver, black, then silver transverse stripes.
Dorsal (body~10mm, wingspan~15mm)
Profile
Palps
Camouflage
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Grass Webworm
Hednota cyclosema
Na
em
Other Common NamePasture Webworm

Wingspan ~20mm
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Grass Webworm
Hednota opulentellus
Na
a
Other Common NamePasture Webworm

Wingspan ~30mm
S4:In Nature
S13:Profile
S13:Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Black Grass Webworm
Hednota pedionoma
Na
em
Other Common NamePasture Webworm

Wingspan ~24mm
Profile (S1)
Dorsal (S2)
Dorsal (S2), spread wings
Profile (S2)
Anterior (S2)
Ventral (S1)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Grass Webworm
Hednota relatalis
Na
a
Other Common NamePasture Webworm

Wingspan ~27mm
S1: In Nature
S2: Profile
S2: Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Cabbage Centre Grub Moth
Hellula hydralis
Na
ema
We are staggered with the variations in the colours of some moths. We indicate they are different morphs in our site here to help people id them, but it's possible they fade. Fading is different to wearing. Some moth scales wear off and you can see their "skin" were all the scales have worn. This can make id difficult where the scale with patterns don't exist. Others can loose large chunks of their trailing wings, which can hold diagnostic patterns. And then, like here, they can have massive variations in the darkness of the scales, but the lines are just visible to id the moth; barely.
Having changed all our common names of moths whose larvae feed on agricultural plants to their native plant food, we are unable to do this with this species. It caterpillars feed on Brassicaceae, with no natives in this plant family in the region. As such, we can assume we only see them due to the copious infestations of Ward's Weed, etc, throughout the Murraylands.
Profile
Dark Morph, partial Hindwing
Medium Morph, dorsal
Pale Morph, dorsal
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Metallarcha Moth
Metallarcha beatalis
Na
em
SynonymBotys beatalis

It seems there are two types of this species. It's possible it's gender, but that's not clear. Our "Type 1" doesn't have solid bars on the fore-wings. Our "Type 2" does.
Type 1, Hindwing (wingspan ~28mm)
Type 1, dorsal
Type 1, Head profile
Type 1, ventral
Type 1, outside
Type 2, Hindwings
Type 2, dorsal
Type 2, profile
Type 2, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Metallarcha Moth
Metallarcha calliaspis
Na
em
 
Dorsal & Hindwings (wingspan ~24mm)
Profile
Head
Anterior
Camouflage
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Metallarcha Moth
Metallarcha sp
Na
em
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for identifying this species for us
 
Dorsal (body ~10mm)
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Metallarcha Moth
Metallarcha thiophara
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
White Dashed Crambrid
Metasia capnochroa
Na
a
 
Posterior (body~6mm) -EXTRA-
Ventral (wingspan~15mm)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Antler Moth
Nacoleia rhoeoalis
Na
a
SynonymBotys hypsidesalis
 
Dorsal (body~7mm)
Profile
Profile
Anterior
Antenna
Ventral (Wingspan~16mm)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
White Streaked Crambrid
Nechilo macrogona
Na
ema
The usual diagnostic feature of having different antennae does not seem to separate out the genders with this species. We have assumed the fatter body is female.
Patchy white palps
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, ventral
Male, dorsal
Male, Hindwing
Male, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Spotted Crambrid
Nomophila corticalis
Na
em
 
Dark morph, dorsal
Pale morph, profile
Pale morph, dorsal, wings out slightly
Mid morph, dorsal
Antenna
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Black and White Cambrid
Scoparia exhibitalis
Na
a
Thank you Don Herbison-Evans for identifying this species for us
 
Dorsal (S1)
Dorsal (S2) (body~9mm, wingspan~20mm)
Profile (S3)
Palps (S1)
Ventral (S1)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Crambid Snout Moth
:Pyraloidea Crambidae
Wattle Moth
Uresiphita ornithopteralis
Na
ema
Other Common NameTree Lucerne Moth
 
Whole
Head
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Variable Bent-wing
Araeopaschia sp ?
Na
ema
This has been a very difficult species to id. We are not completely confident we have one species here. It is very similar to Stericat carbonalis.
As always, please only take our id's as a starting point for your own reseach.
Dorsal (S1) (body~10mm)
Profile (S1) (wingspan~25mm)
Anterior (S1)
Deceased Black morph (S2), dorsal
Deceased Black morph (S4), dorsal
Ventral (S1)
Deceased Black morph (S4), ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Small Tabby
Etiella behrii
Na
ema
 
Female, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, anterior
Male, Palps
Male, Antenna
Male, Very Worn
Male, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
Striped Snout Moth
Etiella chrysoporella
Na
em
 
Slight Profile
Dorsal
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Grass Moth
:Pyraloidea Pyralidae
One-eyed Moth
Mimaglossa nauplialis
Na
em
Looks very similar to M. habitalis, but M. habitalis has a wingspan of about 40mm, M. nauplialis has a wing span of out 25mm, which is the size of those in these photos.
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Body + Hindwings
More Hindwings
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Leaf Miner
:Tineoidea Gracillariidae
Blackbutt Leaf Miner
Acrocercops laciniella
Na
a
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Case Moth
:Tineoidea Psychidae
Faggot Case Moth
Clania ignobilis
Na
em
Species can be identified by the unevenness of the sticks on the case. All species in this family have unique cases.
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Case Moth
:Tineoidea Psychidae
Case Moth
Lepidoscia heliochares
Na
em
Finally, a photo of the actual moth that makes the cases.
Whole, profile (~10mm)
Dorsal & Hindwing
Anterior
Ventral
Dorsal
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Case Moth
:Tineoidea Psychidae
Case Moth
Psychidae sp
Na
em
We suspect this is the Leaf Case Moth (Hyalarcta huebneri), but are not confident
Larva: On the Move
Larva: Front
Larva: Casing & Size
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tineid Moth
:Tineoidea Tineidae
Bird Nest Moth
Monopis crocicapitella
Na
em
Other Common NameBlack and brown tineid

Tineids usually eat dead organic matter, like clothes, and in this case Bird's Nests
Dorsal
Head
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tineid Moth
:Tineoidea Tineidae
Tineid Case Moth
Tineidae sp
Na
em
This is a most unusual Case moth as it's case is made of sand. We thought it was a caddisfly, but they are aquatic and the head of this is not that of a caddisfly but of some type of caterpillar.
We then thought it was a Case moth (Psychidae), but they don't make their cases out of sand.
Finally we found this family makes cases out of all sorts of things, including sand.
The most well known is the introduced cloths moth (Tinea pellionella) but would be surprised those could survive the semi-arid conditions. Many species in this family make cases.
Larva: On the Move
Larva: Front
Larva: Casing
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Tortrix Moth
Anisogona similana
Na
a
 
Dorsal (body~10mm)
Profile
Head
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Red Leaf Roller
Capua intractana
Na
em
 
Dorsal (body ~8mm)
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Sida Tipworm Moth
Crocidosema plebejana
Na
em
Other Common NameCotton Tipworm Moth

We have no cotton in SA, but this species is still found. It's caterpillars feed on Malvaceae. Limstone Sida & Clustered Lawrencia are the only Malvaceae plants we've found on Ellura so far. As is our general stance on common names, it's wrong to call something by the introduced plant it eats when it was surviving happily before European invasion.
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Leaf Roller Moth
Cryptoptila australana
Na
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Striking Tortrix Moth
Dichelia clarana
Na
a
 
Dorsal
Profile
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Light Brown Wattle Moth
Epiphyas postvittana
Na
a
Other Common NameLight Brown Apple Moth
 
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Brown Tortrix Moth
Epiphyas xylodes
Na
a
 
Dorsal (S2)
Dorsal (S1)
Profile (S1)
Hindwings (S1)
Ventral (S2)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Patchy Leaf Roller
Grapholita sp ES1
Na
em
You can see the colour of this one specimen varies considerably depending on the angle of the flash light. From dark brown to almose white.
Profile
Dorsal (body ~7mm)
Ventral
No reflection
Reflecting
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Patched Leaf Roller
Grapholita sp ES2
Na
em
 
Dorsal (body ~7mm)
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Metallic Leaf Roller
Grapholita sp ES3
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Pink Tufted Moth
Heliocosma anthodes
Na
em
Our 700th native species from Ellura.
Profile
Dorsal
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Black and White Tufted Moth
Heliocosma melanotypa
Na
em
 
Profile
Dorsal
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Tortrix Moth
:Tortricoidea Tortricidae
Diamond-backed Tortrix Moth
Oxysemaphora notialis
Na
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Sedge Moth
:Yponomeutoid Glyphipterigidae
Sedge Moth
Glyphipterix chrysoplanetis
Na
a
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Sedge Moth
:Yponomeutoid Glyphipterigidae
Metallic Sedge Moth
Glyphipterix meteora
Na
a
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Diamondback Moth
:Yponomeutoid Plutellidae
Cabbage Moth
Plutella xylostella
I
ema
Other Common NameDiamondback Moth

This introduced species is highly variable in it's colours. The antennae always have banding, however, and point forward.
Pale (S2)
Darker (S3)
Profile (S3)
Profile (S6) (body~6mm)
Vental (S6) (wingspan~15mm)
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Cup Moth
:Zygaenoidea Limacodidae
Cup Moth
Doratifera sp
Na
em
While we knew some people were sensitive to caterpillar hairs, we didn't realise they could be poisonous.
Well this one is! Apparently it's worse than a bee sting. We were so lucky not to get stung, because the bush was full of them, and were pushing into it to get good angles for the photo's.
You can be stung just by brushing passed them.
You can see in the close up that it's feeling threatened, and the spines are protruding. If you look closely you can see a little edge on each one about half way along; that's where it retracts. They are hypodermic needles filled with poison!
In future we'll be treating these with a lot more respect & distance
Back
Front
Profile
Isometric
Spines Armed
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Cup Moth
:Zygaenoidea Limacodidae
Golden Cup Moth
Pseudanapaea denotata
Na
em
Always surprises me to see moth playing dead.
We were testing a new LED work light out as a moth light. Worked very well. Unfortunately this fellow sat on it (stuffing up the lighting), flapped about a lot and either exhausted itself or felt threatened by the camera. After a while it just keeled over and looked dead (when I got the ventral shot). It later "recovered" and flew away
Male (S1), profile
Male (S1), dorsal
Male (S1), anterior
Male (S2), Antenna
Male (S2), clear wings
Male (S2), body
Male (S2), ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Forester Moth
:Zygaenoidea Zygaenidae
Wasp Mimicking Forester
Myrtartona rufiventris
Na
em
SPECIAL: These are the 1st ever female photo's of this species on-line, as well as the 1st ventral photo's of this species on-line.
The top of the body is orange, which is very visible in flight. This, plus the long visible antennae, make them look very much like a wasp to the naked eye.
Black/brown matt wings (unlike it's cousin the Green Forester) with white flecks (and can have a white spot on each wing, but we haven't seen this).
They are white underneath, with the male having black stripes and the female having black & brown patches.
They love our M. lanceolata bushes. Apparantly the caterpillers eat them, so the adults are attracted to them at mating time (December in our area).
A quick note: These specimens are alive, just cold from being put in the fridge to calm down, and were released and flew away within the hour.
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, orange abdomen
Male, orange abdomen
Male, ventral
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, orange abdomen
Female, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Forester Moth
:Zygaenoidea Zygaenidae
Satin-green Forester
Pollanisus viridipulverulenta
Na
a
An incredibly shiny, metallic moth. Almose every surface is reflective, with a base colour of green, but depending on lighting and reflection can look any array of colours; from black, blue through green & copper.
The hindwing is a non-metallic plain brown.
There are only 2 specimens here, a male & a female highlighting the colour variations.
The female does have a non metalic, golden tuft on the tip of her abdomen.
It's very hard to differentiate the male & female from the antennae. While they are dramatically different the male tends to hold the filaments close to the core making them look very similar most of the time. Where as the gold tip on the female can be readily seen from side angles.
Male, dorsal, natural colour -EXTRA-
Male, dorsal (~11mm long)
Male, Body + partial Hindwing
Male, Head, dorsal
Male, Palps + Double filament antenna
Male, Antenna, under
Male, anterior
Male, ventral
Female, dorsal
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, head
Female, ventral
Female, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Skippers
Hesperioidea: Hesperiidae
Southern Grass-dart
Ocybadistes walkeri
L
a
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Rayed Blue
Candalides heathi
R
ema
The visibility of the veins on the inside colouring is very dependant on light angles.
Outside
Inside
Inside
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Icilius Hairstreak
Jalmenus icilius
R
em
Other Common NamesAmethyst Hairstreak or Icilius Blue
 
Wings, ventral
Dorsal
Body, profile
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Two-spotted Line-blue
Nacaduba biocellata
C
em
Other Common Name2-spotted Line-blue

Looks very similar to the common grass-blue & pea-blue butterflies.
It is more brown with 2 distinctive spots on the rear wings.
Topside
Underside
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Wattle Blue
Theclinesthes miskini ssp miskini
C
em
 
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Saltbush Blue
Theclinesthes serpentatus
C
ema
SynonymTheclinesthes serpentata
 
Underside
Topside
Rear
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Gossamer-winged Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae
Grass-blue
Zizina otis ssp labradus
C
ema
SynonymsZizina labradus, Zizina otis
 
Topside wings
Partial Profile
Veins -EXTRA-
Underside
From Adelaide Hills
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Lesser Wanderer
Danaus petilia
L
em
One of the more beautiful butterflies in South Australia.
Large and graceful
Body is black with white polka dots.
The wings have gentle brown tones, ending in stark black and white edges.
Male, showing tail pincers / forceps
Male, tail pincers / forceps retracted
Male, ventral, forewings extended
Male, ventral, forewings retracted
Male, dorsal, body & head
Male, profile, body, head & feet
Female
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Wanderer
Danaus plexippus
I
a
Other Common NameMonarch

While this butterfly comes from the Americas. It's only food source is the introduced Milkweed.
There is some discussion if it arrives under it's own steam to the Eastcoast of Australia. Even so, it wouldn't be able to propogate without the weed. Regardless, it's not native to SA.
Male, dorsal
Male, underwing
Male, Sex Marks
Male, Head
Female, dorsal
Female, underwings
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Klug's Xenica
Geitoneura klugii
Na
a
Other Common NameMarbled Xenica

Similar Species: Black-rimmed Brown
While generally the females are paler (particularly the dark patch under the forewing), this is not a reliable diagnostic feature. However, the males have an additional band on their upper forewings which is absent in the females. This "sex band" can appear silver in the right lighting conditions.
Female, Wings, upper
Male, Wings, upper
Male, Silver 'sex band'
Male, Hindwing, under
Male, Forewing, under
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Black-rimmed Brown
Heteronympha merope
C
ema
Other Common NameCommon Brown

Similar Species: Klug's Xenica  
Male, dorsal
Male, ventral
Male, profile
Female on dirty glass
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Meadow Argus
Junonia villida
C
ema
Brown & orange butterfly with 4 trailing "eye" pattern on the wings.
Female has blue patches on the wings
The male has blue tinges to its body.
Larva, profile
Larva, anterior
Larva, curled
Larva, ventral
Male
Female
Underwings
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Australian Admiral
Vanessa itea
L
ema
Other Common NameYellow Admiral

Brilliant blue eye on the forewings, with brown marbled rear wings.
Male, Underside Wings
Male, Topside Wings
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
Brown Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae
Australian Painted Lady
Vanessa kershawi
C
ema
Medium sized butterfly with 3 blue and 1 black eyes on the rear wings.
An attractive array of orange, black & white patterns.
Wings Flat, now that's better
Dull, probably Old
Under Wings
Standing Proud, with sun thru wings
Forewings Retracted
Courting
Mating
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
White & Yellow Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Pieridae
Caper White
Belenois java ssp teutonia
M
ema
 
Male, white body
Male, dark body
Male, yellow on forewing
Male, yellow on forewing
Male, no yellow on forewing
Male, few black stripes
Female, Topside
Female, ventral
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
White & Yellow Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Pieridae
Spotted Jezebel
Delias aganippe
R
em
Other Common NameWood White

A brightly coloured butterfly with red, yellow and white splashes on black.
Someone loose their 1970's kitchen curtains?-)
Female
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
White & Yellow Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Pieridae
Small Grass-yellow Butterfly
Eurema smilax
M
em
Small, common, yellow butterfly. The brown markings are not easily visible.
Very bright yellow when flying.
Close up
Normal View -EXTRA-
Moth Butterfly
Lepidoptera
White & Yellow Butterfly
Papilionoidea: Pieridae
Small Cabbage White
Pieris rapae
I
ema
Other Common NameCabbage White
 
Underside Wings
Topside Wings

Copyright © 1996- Brett & Marie Smith. All Rights Reserved.
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