Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
    
NB: Only Orthoptera (Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids) are shown here. Plant hoppers, etc. are under Hemiptera on the "Beetles, Cockroaches & True Bugs" page.
Stat'NotesThumbnails: 261.   44 native species listed, with 38 from Ellura
Animals (Animalia) - Jointed Legs (Arthropoda) - Insects (Insecta)
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Spur-throated Locust
Austracris guttulosa
Na
m
 
Instar
Adult
Adult
Adult
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Grasshopper
Austroicetes sp
Na
ema
 
Profile
Red Leg
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Australian Plague Locust
Chortoicetes terminifera
Na
ema
 
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Bark-mimicking Grasshopper
Coryphistes ruricola
Na
ema
These are a large grasshopper, but we have only managed to find one adult, yesterday, to capture and measure.
We've had 11 sightings over the last 11 years, in May, July, Aug, Sept & Nov; most being juvenile
The adult was ~31mm, with juveniles range from 21mm-31mm.
Our grasshopper book hasn't arrived yet, so we are not sure on the genders nor diagnostic features yet.
There is a near identical species, Adreppus fallax, which seems to have shorter wings. This is not normally a reliable characteristic to separate out grasshopper species. We will update this page as we learn more.
These have very distinctive antennae, being wide at the bottom narrowing to the tip. The segment lengths are very irregular.
Colours vary dramatically from grey through various shades of brown with or without dark/black banding on the sides. As can be seen, they camouflage very well and are difficult to find unless the move.
The inside legs are very colourful, starting with a blue splash at the hip joint, through maroon with or without white lateral dashes on the thigh, finalising in lavendar to purple shins & feet. To see these colours it's best to try and get your subject to climb something; it then stretches it's hind legs out and the colours become apparant. Typically the inside thigh is dark and looks black to the naked eye outside.
S5: Juvi: dorsal
S6: Juvi: dorsal
S7: Juvi: dorsal
S8: Juvi: dorsal
S9: Juvi: dorsal
S10: Adult: dorsal
S4: Adult: profile
S6: Juvi: profile
S10: Adult: profile
S11: Juvi: profile
S3: Juvi: anterior
S4: Adult: close up
S10: Adult: Head profile
S6: Juvi: Fastigium
S6: Juvi: Antenna
S10: Adult: Rear Inside Leg Colour
S10: Adult: Rear Inside Hip Colour
S9: Juvi: Rear Inside Leg & Hip
S10: Adult: Camouflage
S5: Juvi: ventral
S6: Juvi: ventral
S10: Adult: Ventral
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Lichen Stonehopper
Cratilopus sp ES1 ?
Na
em
Thank you Ethan Beaver for confirming the identification of this species

S1 is the only specimen we've captured & measured, ~25mm long.
While they look very similar S2 has some minor differences. It's possible these variations are due to gender, age, environment or different species. In particular, notice the different markings on the pronotum; possibly also a juvenile.
We believe S3 is a juvenile due to it's small size, short antennae (which are darker at the tips) & separated wing buds. It's other markings are the same as 9 of our sightings, except S2.
S1: Dorsal
S1: Abdomen
S1: Anterior
S1: Inside Leg
S1: Head
S1: Ventral
S2: Dorsal
S2: Profile
S3: Juvenile
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Riverina Stonehopper
Cratilopus sp ES2
Na
em
Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying this species for us

It's not possible to identify these down to species; as such they could all be the same species, or each a different one. The are 4 different species listed under Cratilopus on the ALA.
They are abundant on Ellura.
They are flightless and, due to the one pair we found mating, are able to prove the adults are wingless. While difficult to see, it does seem the adults have two separated/overlapping wing stubs, per side, not one hiding the other. Also note the different sized wing stubs.
Mating
Nymph
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Yellow-winged Locust
Gastrimargus musicus
Na
a
 
Face
Profile
Dorsal
Hot Pink Rear Leg
Hindwing Colour
Forewing Venation
Released
Instar
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Gumleaf Grasshopper
Goniaea australasiae
Na
ema
 
Nymph
Instar, profile
Instar, back
Adult Profile
Adult Showing Wing
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Mimetic Gumleaf Grasshopper
Goniaea opomaloides
Na
ema
SynonymGoniaea opomaloide
 
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Gumleaf Grasshopper
Goniaea sp
Na
em
Similar Species: Mimetic Gumleaf Grasshopper
Note the pale tips on the antennae
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Halgania Grasshopper
Histrioacrida roseopennis
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Ventral
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Giant Crested Grasshopper
Macrolopholia sp
Na
em
Thank you Robert Read for confirming the identification of this species
 
Dorsal, ~40mm
Head, dorsal
Head, profile
Face
Leg spines
Ventral
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
White Striped Grasshopper
Macrotona sp
Na
em
 
S1: Profile
S1: Ventral
S2: Profile
S3: Dorsal
S3: Ventral
S4: Dorsal, ~24mm
S4: Abdomen, dorsal
S4: Abdomen, ventral
S4: Dorsal
S4: Profile
S4: Head, dorsal
S4: Anterior
S4: Head, profile
S4: Rear Leg
S4: Posterior
S5: Dorsal, ~16mm
S5: Profile, released
S5: Anterior
S5: Rear Legs
S5: Posterior
S5: Ventral
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Striped Stonehopper
Novum 41sp1
Na
em
Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying this species for us

The botanical name indicates that this species is known about, but not properly described; hence not given a proper name.
Whole
Close up
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Pardillana
Pardillana sp
Na
em
 
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Peakesia
Peakesia sp
Na
em
 
Profile, Legs Up
Profile, Legs Down
Front
Back Legs & Feet
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Disappearing Grasshopper
Schizobothrus flavovittatus
Na
em
About 27mm, with very variable colours.
Dorsal
Profile
Ocelli
Rear Leg
Green Colour Form
Ventral
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Hairy Grasshopper
Tapesta sp
Na
em
Thank you Ethan Beaver for confirming the identification of this species
 
Adult
Nymph, dorsal
Nymph, profile
Nymph, ventral
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Grasshopper
Acrididae
Red-legged Urnisa
Urnisa rugosa
Na
em
Thank you Matthew Connors for identifying this species for us

Originally considered this to be Peakesia hospita.
Whole, dorsal
Camouflage
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Leaf-rolling Cricket
Gryllacrididae
Raspy Cricket
Apotrechus sp
Na
em
 
Nymph: Profile, front
Nymph: Profile, back
Nymph: Whole, dorsal, size
Nymph: Back, dorsal
Nymph: Middle leg & foot
Nymph: Face
Nymph: Front Leg & Foot
Nymph: Head, Mouth Parts & Spiracle
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
True Cricket
Grylloidea: Gryllidae
Mottled Bush Cricket
Eurepa cf marginipennis
Na
em
 
Adult Male, dorsal, ~14mm
Adult Male, profile
Adult Male, Head, profile
Adult Male, ventral
Male Nymph, dorsal, ~12mm
Male Nymph, profile
Male Nymph, anterior
Male Nymph, Cleaning Antenna
Male Nymph, Antenna
Male Nymph, Rear Leg
Male Nymph, ventral
S1: Female Nymph, dorsal
S1: Female Nymph, profile
S3: Female Nymph, dorsal, ~11mm
S3: Female Nymph, profile
S3: Female Nymph, anterior
S3: Female Nymph, Shoulder
S4: Female Nymph, dorsal, ~14mm
S4: Female Nymph, anterior
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
True Cricket
Grylloidea: Gryllidae
Brown Bush Cricket
Lepidogryllus sp
Na
ema
 
Adult Male, dorsal, ~20mm
Adult Male, profile
Adult Male, Antenna
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
True Cricket
Grylloidea: Gryllidae
Lined Ground Cricket
Salmanites sp
Na
em
Thank you Matthew Connors for confirming the identification of this species

Thank you Tony Robillard for confirming the identification of this species

We found one female in May.
She was ~10mm long (head+body), with her ovipositor twice that at ~20mm.
A small dark cricket with a heringbone like pattern on her back.
We assume she's an adult by the length of her ovi-positor, which shows she is wingless and therefore flightless; not unusual with crickets.
Typically considered a Northern Australia genera, it seems they also inhabit the dry regions to the South.
Tony suggests "that it is probably new"; ie an undescribed species. This also means that the genus level id could be changed once/if it's described.
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: Face
Female: anterior
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
True Cricket
Grylloidea: Gryllidae
Black Bush Cricket
Teleogryllus commodus
Na
ma
Other Common NameBush Cricket
 
Female
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Scaled Cricket
Grylloidea: Mogoplistidae
Wandella Ornebius
Ornebius sp
Na
em
Thank you Matthew Connors for confirming the identification of this species

Only ~7-8mm long, it's a very flat, wingless species, with an extended "nose". The male has much longer antennae (slightly longer than it's head & body) than the females (about half head & body length). The antennae on both genders are banded, basically brown with small, unevenly spaced, black bands. Ovipositor is ~3mm long.
Listed as Northern Australia location but Adelaide Uni found some in SA back in the 1950's.
3 specimens found (1 x male, 2 x female) in March, April & July
Female: dorsal
Male: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: Face
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Spider Cricket
Grylloidea: Phalangopsidae
Spider Cricket
Endacusta sp
Na
em
Not a lot is known of our Australian crickets. Like so many inverts, genital examination is required to get below genus level to species. Since we only photograph with a macro DSLR, we don't have the resolution for that type of work.
We have made some assumptions here: 1. Female age is based on the length of her ovipositor. 2. Females are wingless. 3. Adults males of this genera don't seem to have full length wings.
We can't be sure the specimens here are the same species. But they do look very similar and most were found on the same day.
Adult Female, dorsal, ~18mm
Adult Female, profile
Adult Female, close up
Adult Female, anterior
Adult Female, Rear Leg
Adult Male, dorsal, ~12mm
Adult Male, profile
Adult Male, close up
Adult Male, anterior
Immature Female, dorsal, ~10mm
Immature Female, close up
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Pygmy Cricket
Grylloidea: Trigonidiidae
Ottes Pygmy Cricket
Calperum ottei
Na
em
Thank you Matthew Connors for confirming the identification of this species

We found 3 specimens, 2 x female & 1 x male in January, July & August. Given they are a winter species, the January sighting is strange. It was a hot, wet summer.
Mottled reddish brown crickets with a couple of dark abdominal bands and 2 diagnostic central pale dorsal spots. They have a distinctive horizontal black band covering the lower half of their face; which carries through their eyes.
Her ovi-positor sheaths have finely serrated tips; possibly the reason for the families other common name of "Sword-tail" Crickets.
Females are ~5-6mm, with ovipositor ~3-4mm. We didn't measure our male but according to our source "A guide to Crickets of Australia" by Rentz & Su, males are slightly smaller.
Both genders are wingless.
These are well known in the Murray Mallee, and are often found with Mallee Dwarf Cricket (Territirritia tya) in larger quantities; which we've also experienced.
S2: Female: dorsal
S3: Female: dorsal
S1: Male: dorsal
S2: Female: profile
S2: Female: face
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Pygmy Cricket
Grylloidea: Trigonidiidae
Confusing Pygmy Cricket
Pteronemobius truncatus
Na
em
Thank you Matthew Connors for confirming the identification of this species

Our first winged pygmy cricket. We found 2 dead females, on the same day in February. While we prefer to use live specimens, we also use dead ones until we find live ones to publish. Unfortunately we didn't realise the insect pots were full of moth scales, so got these covered ruining the quality of the diagnostic we can gather.
Body & head ~6 mm, with ovipositor at just over 2mm.
These are found in the Murray Mallee, but few records can be found on-line.
S2, Female: dorsal
S1, Female: profile
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Pygmy Cricket
Grylloidea: Trigonidiidae
Mallee Dwarf Cricket
Territirritia tya
Na
em
Thank you Matthew Connors for confirming the identification of this species

We found 4 specimens, 3 x female & 1 x male in July & August.
Very dark crickets with few markings; males are black while females are dark brown. They have not discernable face markings, which is unusual for crickets.
The females have small pale pairs of spots on their backs (not always visible). Her ovi-positor sheaths have serrated tips.
Females are ~6mm, with ovipositor ~3-4mm, while our male was ~4mm.
Both genders are wingless.
These are well known in the Murray Mallee, and are often found with Ottes Pygmy Cricket (Calperum ottei) in smaller quantities; which we've also experienced.
Female: dorsal
Female: profile
Female: Ovipositor
Male: dorsal
Male: perspective on little finger
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Mole Cricket
Gryllotalpidae
Australian Mole Cricket
Gryllotalpa australis
Na
a
Thank you Matthew Connors for confirming the identification of this species

About 28mm long (head & body)
The diagnostic black colouration of the wing is not visible at all angles.
The two dimples on the pronotum don't seem to be mentioned anywhere, but both specimens photographed have them
The ocelli look defunct (brown rather than black)?
Had them in our lawn in Lobethal. They were so loud at certain times of the year we couldn't sit under our verandah.
There are very few sightings of these (even less in SA), but that's probably because they live underground. But when you do see them, such prehistoric animals!
Photographed 2 male specimens in March, 10 years less 3 days apart!
S1, Male: dorsal
S1, Male: profile
S2, Male: profile
S1, Male: Wing Venation
S1, Male: Claws
S1, Male: Ocelli
S1, Male: Pronotum Dimples
S1, Male: Mandibles
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae
Mottled Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae ES1
Na
em
 
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae
Short Antennae Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae ES2
Na
em
 
Mating
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae
Bark-mimicking Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae ES3
Na
em
 
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae
White Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae ES4
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile, ~10mm
Articulation
Head
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae
Striped Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae ES5
Na
a
 
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae
Quad Striped Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae ES6
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Eye
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae
Pale Matchstick Grasshopper
Morabidae ES7
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Anterior
Ventral
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Gaudy Grasshopper
Pyrgomorphidae
Slant Face
Atractomorpha sp
Na
m
Other Common NamesCommon Grass Pyrgomorph, Green Grass Pyrgomorph or Vegetable Grasshopper
 
Nymph
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Gaudy Grasshopper
Pyrgomorphidae
Adelaide Pyrgomorph
Monistria discrepans
Na
em
Thank you Matthew Connors for identifying this species for us

Adult females we've measured are ~27-33mm, male ~17mm & juv' females ~16mm
While we worked out the genus years ago, Matthew id'ed them to species
He said "... Adelaide race. Oddly enough, about 1% of adults are fully-winged whereas the rest all have tiny wings like this." We've only seen flightless specimens. Later, Matthew also id'ed a couple of our juveniles as the same. We were thinking they might be Blistered Pyrgomorphs (M. pustulifera). They are quite similar and very variable. We've included shots of most speciemens to highlight differences & similarities. To help us sort them out he said "The pronotum isn't quite sculptured enough for M. pustulifera and the sides of the fastigium are convex rather than concave (although I'm not sure how variable these features are)" ... the fastigium is the spur on the top of the forehead ... "The key difference that should still be noticeable in nymphs is that the vertex (the section between the eyes) is raised above the eyes in M. pustulifera and is "flat or weakly convex" in M. discrepans." ... "I'm not sure how much the white rings vary in nymphs but in adult M. pustulifera even the ones on the side of the pronotum should have white rings". Thanks Matthew, very useful information that has allowed us to confirm all our specimens are the same species.
We photographed 17 different specimens occuring in every month over 6 months from March to August; over 9 years. We have only ever found adult males with females. Otherwise we find adult & juveniles females on their own.
S3: Female: dorsal
S4: Female: dorsal
S5&6: Pair: dorsal
S10: Female: dorsal
S14: Juvi Female: dorsal
S17: Juvi Female: dorsal
S7&8: Mating Pair: profile
S10: Female: profile
S11: Female: profile
S12: Female: profile
S13: Female: profile
S15: Female: profile
S14: Juvi Female: profile
S16: Male: profile
S10: Female: Fastigium
S10: Female: Fastigium
S10: Female: close up
S14: Juvi Female: Face
S10: Female: ventral
S16: Male: ventral
S14: Juvi Female: ventral
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Katydid
Tettigoniidae
Upolu Grass Katydid
Conocephalus upoluensis
Na
em
About 15mm long, wingspan ~43mm & antennae ~33mm. At rest the wings extend well past the body.
Variable in colour, they can also be green.
This one was very pale, off white with a green tinge; the brown back wasn't very noticeable with the eye.
Large head & eyes compared with body which makes us suspect it's nocturnal.
Forewings are shorter than hindwings. The wing area near the body is quite strange & distinctive; having a 'ridge' between 2 'dips'; very cricket like.
The anal spurs are diagnostic with these (their shape & location)
Male, dorsal
Male, profile
Male, Wing Base
Male, Short Forewings
Male, Anal Spurs, posterior
Male, Anal Spurs, ventral
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Katydid
Tettigoniidae
Gumleaf Katydid
Terpandrus sp
Na
em
 
Whole, profile
Face
Mouth
Head, profile
Released, camouflage
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Katydid
Tettigoniidae
Bush Katydid
Tinzeda sororoides
Na
em
This is the 1st record for this species in South Australia, and only the 2nd in Australia, on the ALA website (www.ala.org.au)
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Katydid
Tettigoniidae
Bush Katydid
Tinzeda sp?
Na
ema
You can see a pale line which appears to be a ridge above the abdomen behind the pronotum. With the male it's pink, white in the female. This are actually the edges of the forming hind wings. The anterior shot of the male highlights this quite well.
There is also a very pale, broken line underneath the abdomen.
These specimens were caught on the same day. Both were ~18mm long.
The female has a very knife like, curved, ovipositor.
Female Nymph: dorsal
Female Nymph: profile
Female Nymph: antenna
Female Nymph: ventral
Male Nymph: dorsal
Male Nymph: profile
Male Nymph: anterior
Male Nymph: ridge
Male Nymph: ventral
Crickets, Grasshoppers & Katydids
Orthoptera
Katydid
Tettigoniidae
Gumleaf Katydid
Torbia viridissima?
Na
ema
Thank you Matthew Connors for confirming the identification of this species
 
Young Nymph
Late Instar, profile
Late Instar, dorsal

Copyright © 1996- Brett & Marie Smith. All Rights Reserved.
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