Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
    
It's possible 20 different species can look identical (needing dissection to differentiate); as such many id's here don't go to species level
Stat'NotesThumbnails: 501.   152 native species listed, with 122 from Ellura
Animal (Animalia) - Joint Leg (Arthropoda) - Insect (Insecta)
Cockroach
Blattodea
Giant Cockroach
Blaberidae
Clear Rimmed Native Cockroach
Calolampra sp
Na
ema
The 1st two specimens were recorded on the same day at Ellura.
Notice the 3rd specimen (Adelaide Hills) has more transparent edges, and a black streak down the side.
All 3 specimens have different ventral patterns on their abdomen. We're not sure if these are different species or variations on the same species.
Also notice the white face markings, these are not reflections but white pigment
About 21mm long
S1: Male, dorsal
S1: Male, ventral
S2: Male, profile
S2: Male, face
S2: Male, ventral
S3: Male, dorsal
S3: Male, ventral
Cockroach
Blattodea
Giant Cockroach
Blaberidae
Bark Cockroach
Laxta sp
Na
a
 
Cockroach
Blattodea
Cockroach
Blattidae
Oriental Cockroach
Blatta Orientalis
I
a
 
Cockroach
Blattodea
Cockroach
Blattidae
Shining Cockroach
Drymaplaneta communis
Na
ema
 
Back
Cockroach
Blattodea
Cockroach
Blattidae
Tortoise Cockroach
Euzosteria sp
Na
em
 
Instar, dorsal, ~14mm long
Instar, anterior
Instar, ventral
Cockroach
Blattodea
Cockroach
Blattidae
Black Cockroach
Platyzosteria sp
Na
em
 
Whole, dorsal
Profile, front
Profile, back
Rear, cercus
Cockroach
Blattodea
Cockroach
Blattidae
Small Cockroach
Temnelytra sp
Na
em
 
Cockroach
Blattodea
Cockroach
Blattidae
White-banded Cockroach
Zonioploca cf latizona
Na
em
 
Back
Profile
Cockroach
Blattodea
Cockroach
Blattidae
Desert Mid-lined Cockroach
Zonioploca medilinea
Na
em
Thank you David Rentz for confirming the identification of this species

David says in his book "A distinctive species: No other has a single midline stripe".
This is the 1st record for this species in South Australia on the ALA website (www.ala.org.au).
Adult
Cockroach
Blattodea
Wood Cockroach
Ectobiidae
Brown Balta Cockroach
Balta sp
Na
em
 
Cockroach
Blattodea
Wood Cockroach
Ectobiidae
Western Ectoneura Cockroach
Ectoneura tepperi
Na
em
 
Cockroach
Blattodea
Wood Cockroach
Ectobiidae
Small Golden Cockroach
Ellipsidion sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Elytra
Antennae
Ventral
Cockroach
Blattodea
Wood Cockroach
Ectobiidae
The Coulon
Paratemnopteryx couloniana
Na
ema
Other Common NameRed Goblin Roach

About 22mm long
Covered in moth scales
Cockroach
Blattodea
Wood Cockroach
Ectobiidae
Desert Para Cockroach
Paratemnopteryx sp
Na
a
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Belid Weevil
Belidae
Spotted Belid Weevil
Rhinotia sp ES1
Na
em
 
Front
Back
Beetle
Coleoptera
Belid Weevil
Belidae
Red Belid Weevil
Rhinotia sp ES2
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile, back
Feet & Profile, front
Perspective
Beetle
Coleoptera
Belid Weevil
Belidae
Hairy Belid Weevil
Rhinotia sp ES3
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Beetle
Coleoptera
Belid Weevil
Belidae
Sutural Belid Weevil
Rhinotia suturalis
Na
ema
 
Dorsal
Profile
Beetle
Coleoptera
Large Auger Beetle
Bostrichidae
Twig Borer Beetle
Bostrychopsis jesuita
Na
em
A cylindrical black beetle. About 13mm long, with a downward pointing face (reminiscent of a broad-nosed weevil). Distinctive 2 rows of horns on it's pronotum.
Dorsal
Profile
Antennae
Horns
Beetle
Coleoptera
Jewel Beetle
Buprestidae
Giant Jewel Beetle
Temognatha heros
Na
em
Thank you Martin Lagerwey for confirming the identification of this species
 
Headless Shell
Beetle
Coleoptera
Soldier Beetle
Cantharidae
Soldier Beetle
Chauliognathus sp ES1
Na
em
Possibly granulatus
Mating, profile
Mating, ventral -EXTRA-
Female Antenna & Feet
Male body
Male head
Male profile
Beetle
Coleoptera
Soldier Beetle
Cantharidae
Soldier Beetle
Chauliognathus sp ES2
Na
em
Notice the differences between the 2 species.
This one has broken black bands around the abdomen, the black marking on the back of the shield is quite different and it has orange legs (not black). This one also has orange head, not black.
Female, profile
Female, back
Female, profile
Female, ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Soldier Beetle
Cantharidae
Soldier Beetle
Chauliognathus sp ES3
Na
em
Possibly granulatus
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ground Beetle
Carabidae
Striped Ground Beetle
Amblytelus sp ES1
Na
em
Notice the long sparse hairs on the elytra (wing covers), pronotum (back/thorax shield) & head ... well on most of it's body actually; almost like spines rather than hairs.
They also have an unusual spur on their front legs. Beetles often have spines coming out of their legs, but beetles in this tribe (Amblytelini) have an indent in the leg and a hook; as can be seen in the photos.
About 10-11mm long (head & body). Reference Link
Dorsal
Anterior
Antenna
Front leg spur
Posterior hairs
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ground Beetle
Carabidae
Brown Ground Beetle
Amblytelus sp ES2
Na
em
Notice the long sparse hairs on most of it's body; almost like spines rather than hairs.
They also have an unusual spur on their front legs. Beetles often have spines coming out of their legs, but beetles in this tribe (Amblytelini) have an indent in the leg and a hook; as can be seen in the photos.
This one is a bit larger at about 13mm long (head & body)
Dorsal
Profile
Head
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ground Beetle
Carabidae
Crossed Ground Beetle
Amblytelus sp ES3?
Na
em
Notice the long sparse hairs on most of it's body; almost like spines rather than hairs.
They also have an unusual spur on their front legs. Beetles often have spines coming out of their legs, but beetles in this tribe (Amblytelini) have an indent in the leg and a hook; as can be seen in the photo.
This specimen has a smaller pronotum (back shield), which may make it a different species (perhaps Dystrichothorax?)
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ground Beetle
Carabidae
Ant-nest Beetle
Arthropterus sp
Na
em
Other Common NameFatihorn Beetle

A very distinctive honey brown beetle with very wide, thin, antennae.
It also has wide thin legs and elytra (wing covers) that are shorter than the body.
The are 3 pairs of protrusions around it's mouth; pincer like mandibles followed by increasingly larger adaptions (the Maxillary Palps & Labial Palps).
While not seen very often, they are probably a lot more common than the low number sightings suggest. They live in ant nests excreting chemicals that trick the ants into thinking they are queens. As such, the ants actually raise their offspring, all the while the beetle is feasting on the ants.
They are scientifically interesting due to the rapid rate in which they can adapt to new species of ants.
Due to the complex nature of ant pheromones, etc, we can guess that there is a separate species of Arthropterus for each species of ant.
Due to the size of this one, we can guess it's a parasite of Inch ants (Myrmecia sp).
Dorsal, ~13mm
Profile (hairy elytra)
Profile (elytra up)
Antenna (thin x-section)
Pincer Mandibles
Maxillary & Labial Palps
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ground Beetle
Carabidae
Blue Ground Beetle
Carenum speciosum
Na
em
We found two of these dead near the caravan when we arrived one day.
Both looked identical, but quite different sizes. One being about 25mm long, with the smaller one (shown here) at about 20mm.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Posterior
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ground Beetle
Carabidae
Tiger Beetle
cf Distipsidera sp
Na
m
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ground Beetle
Carabidae
Ground Beetle
Chlaenius sp
Na
m
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ground Beetle
Carabidae
Australasian Panagaeitid Ground Beetle
Craspedophorus australasiae
Na
em
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ground Beetle
Carabidae
Bombardier Beetle
Pheropsophus verticalis
Na
em
 
Body
Whole
Alive, ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ground Beetle
Carabidae
Scarititid Ground Beetle
Scaraphites sp
Na
em
What first grabbed our attention to this black beetle was the bright green line all around it's circumference. As it turns out, it's whole body reflects green, but the lip around it's edge makes it look like a green line.
At first we thought it was a huge ant as it was moving pretty quickly across our camp ground.
Back
Profile
Head
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ground Beetle
Carabidae
Google-eyed Ground Beetle
Scopodes sp
Na
em
Other Common NameOdacanthid Ground Beetle
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Longhorn Beetle
Cerambycidae
Acacia Longhorn Beetle
Ancita sp
Na
a
Other Common NamesLongicorn Beetle, Long-horn Beetle or Long Horned Beetle
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Longhorn Beetle
Cerambycidae
Callitris Longhorn Beetle
Cerambycidae sp?
Na
em
Other Common NamesLongicorn Beetle, Long-horn Beetle or Long Horned Beetle

Thank you Greg Baker (SARDI) for helping with the identification of this species

Thank you Andy Szito (WA DPIRD) for helping with the identification of this species

We were inspecting a recently fallen, dead, callitris tree. Marie noticed a grub inside a broken twig. Given callitris has natural invert inhibitors (often used for fence posts as it's not prone to termite attack), we were surprised. We prized it out and were *VERY* concerned it looked a lot like European House Borer (Hylotrupes bajulus); or EHB for short. We posted on the Amateur Entomology Australia facebook group and Andy Szito (WA DPIRD) suggested we contact Greg Baker at SARDI. We sent it off to Greg for confirmation, who then sent it off to Andy for DNA testing.
Fortunately it wasn't EHB. It didn't match any known species in the DNA database, but was "most likely another Cerambycidae spp".
This specimen was about 13mm long.
Larva, dorsal
Larva, "mouth"
Larva, under, legs
Beetle
Coleoptera
Longhorn Beetle
Cerambycidae
Braconid Mimic Longhorn
Hesthesis sp
Na
em
Other Common NameBrachinoid Wasp Mimic Longicorn Beetle

Similar Species: Red Braconid Wasp  
Dorsal, ~20mm
Profile, antenna ~20mm
Wing venation
Eye shape & back plate
Head, under
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Longhorn Beetle
Cerambycidae
Desert Longhorn
Microtragus mormon
Na
em
Almost spider like with very long legs and antennae.
Note the odd shaped compound eyes and 2 pair of ridges along it's back. The middle ridges start with small horn like projections.
It's covered in fine hairs, not visible to the eye, which enhance the white patches on the rear ridges.
Dorsal, ~20mm
Profile
Body, dorsal
Anterior
Head, profile
Head, dorsal
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Longhorn Beetle
Cerambycidae
Longhorn Beetle
Rhytiphora sp
Na
em
Other Common NameLongicorn Beetle
 
Whole, dorsal
Face
Beetle
Coleoptera
Longhorn Beetle
Cerambycidae
Lycid Mimic Longhorn
Stenoderus suturalis
Na
em
Other Common NameStinking Longicorn

Similar Species: Lycid Beetle
 
Dorsal, ~15mm
Profile
Head, above
Eyes & mouth parts
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Leaf Beetle
Chrysomelidae
Flea Beetle
Aporocera cf viridipennis ?
Na
em
 
Profile
Dorsal
Beetle
Coleoptera
Leaf Beetle
Chrysomelidae
Tiny Leaf Beetle
Bruchinae sp
Na
em
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for helping with the identification of this species

Only 2mm long
Dorsal
Profile
Profile
Wings folding
Anterior
Head, profile
Posterior
Beetle
Coleoptera
Leaf Beetle
Chrysomelidae
Metallic Dodonaea Leaf Beetle
Callidemum hypochalceum
Na
em
Similar Species: Chalcopterus Beetle

Thank you Martin Lagerwey for identifying this species for us
 
Profile
Beetle
Coleoptera
Leaf Beetle
Chrysomelidae
Eboo Beetle
Eboo sp
Na
ema
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Leaf Beetle
Chrysomelidae
Dotted Paropsine Leaf Beetle
Paropsis carnosa
Na
em
Thank you Martin Lagerwey for identifying this species for us
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Leaf Beetle
Chrysomelidae
Tortoise Beetle
Paropsis cf aegrota
Na
a
Thank you Martin Lagerwey for identifying this species for us
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Leaf Beetle
Chrysomelidae
Striped Leaf Beetle
Paropsisterna intacta
Na
a
Thank you Martin Lagerwey for identifying this species for us

Not only did Martin supply the id for this stunning little beetle, he also very kindly supplied the specimen on his last trip to SA.
While this is the usual colour/pattern, Martin has found them without any spots on the pronotum, nor strips on the back (elytra).
Dorsal, ~13mm
Profile
Anterior
Legs + Feet
Posterior
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Leaf Beetle
Chrysomelidae
Dark Brown Paropsine Leaf Beetle
Paropsisterna variicollis
Na
a
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Leaf Beetle
Chrysomelidae
Fireblight Beetle
Peltoschema orphana
Na
em
Thank you Martin Lagerwey for identifying this species for us
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Leaf Beetle
Chrysomelidae
Leaf Beetle
Trachymela sp
Na
em
Thank you Martin Lagerwey for identifying this species for us
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ladybird
Coccinellidae
Transverse Ladybird
Coccinella transversalis
Na
ema
Orange lady beetle with black wavy blotches.
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ladybird
Coccinellidae
Large Spotted Ladybird
Harmonia conformis
Na
ema
 
Larva
Adult
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ladybird
Coccinellidae
Variegated-Ladybird
Hippodamia-variegata
I
em
As it's name suggests, a very variable species. Usually with white stripes on it's pronotum, but sometimes not.
Introduced from Europe and used as a biological control of cotton aphids in crops, it is now wide spread and an environmental pest.
Our apologies for the moth scales interfering with these photo's. They were shed in the container by the previous occupant, not part of this species.
Dorsal
Profile
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ladybird
Coccinellidae
Ladybird
Micraspis furcifera
Na
em
Pale yellow lady bug with black stripes.
Or is it black with yellow stripes?-)
Front
Profile
Back
Pre-winter Huddle -EXTRA-
Beetle
Coleoptera
Ladybird
Coccinellidae
Tiny Black Ladybird
Serangium bellum
Na
a
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Weevil
Curculionidae
Straight-snouted Weevil
Brentidae sp
Na
em
Tip to tail this little fella is only 2mm long! Tiny
Beetle
Coleoptera
Weevil
Curculionidae
Broad-nosed Weevil
Cubicorhynchus sp
Na
em
Thank you Boris Bueche for confirming the identification of this species

We thought it might have been Cubicorhynchus setosus, but Boris, on Bowerbird, said "NOT setosus (setae too short). 3 similar WA species at least. Species-level ID would need male sexual characters; this weevil assumed female (slightly convex belly)."
About 14mm long, covered in short, down-curved, hairs. Notice the unusual little horns on it's face.
Dorsal
Profile
Hairy Back
Face with Horns
Mandibles + Hairy Legs
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Weevil
Curculionidae
Eucalypt Weevil
Gonipterus sp
Na
ema
The larva create a faecal shield to help protect from predators. They skeletonise gum leaves.
Lava
Adults
Beetle
Coleoptera
Weevil
Curculionidae
Wattle Pig
Leptopius sp
Na
a
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Weevil
Curculionidae
Barrel Weevil
Perperus sp
Na
em
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Weevil
Curculionidae
Sitona Weevil
Sitona discoideus
I
em
 
Dorsal, ~5mm
Profile
Beetle
Coleoptera
Skin Beetle
Dermestidae
Varied Carpet Beetle
Anthrenus verbasci
I
a
Similar Species: Brown Globular Springtail  
Dorsal
Anterior
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Click Beetle
Elateridae
Shielded Click Beetle
Agrypnus sp
Na
em
About 9mm long
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Click Beetle
Elateridae
Large Click Beetle
Elateridae sp ES1
Na
m
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Click Beetle
Elateridae
Red Click Beetle
Elateridae sp ES2
Na
a
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Click Beetle
Elateridae
Black Click Beetle
Elateridae sp ES3
Na
ema
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Click Beetle
Elateridae
Brown Click Beetle
Elateridae sp ES4
Na
a
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Clown Beetle
Histeridae
Clown Beetle
Saprinus sp
Na
em
Very metallic blue back and metallic brown shield.
Quite small.
Highly reflective.
Dorsal
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Stag Beetle
Lucanidae
Black Stag Beetle
Figulus sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Antennae
Front legs
Posterior
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Net-winged Beetle
Lycidae
Long-nosed Lycid Beetle
Porrostoma rhipidium
Na
em
 
Back
Long Nose
Beetle
Coleoptera
Net-winged Beetle
Lycidae
Lycid Beetle
Porrostoma sp
Na
ema
Similar Species: Lycid Mimic Longhorn
 
Female
Male
Beetle
Coleoptera
Solf-winged Flower Beetle
Melyridae
Red and Blue Flower Beetle
Dicranolaius bellulus
Na
em
Other Common NamePollen Beetle
 
Bent
Ventral
Profile
Back
Beetle
Coleoptera
Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae
Christmas Beetle
Anoplognathus montanus
Na
a
Thank you Ethan Beaver for helping with the identification of this species

The green to purple reflections is diagnostic.
Beetle
Coleoptera
Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae
Sandy Dung Beetle
Euoniticellus fulvus
I
a
 
Dorsal, ~9mm
Beetle
Coleoptera
Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae
Brown Chafer
Scarabaeidae sp ES1
Na
em
Large hairy rusty brown beetle. There are many very similar species & genera; most likely these are in the sub-family Melolonthinae
Head
Dorsal
Back
Beetle
Coleoptera
Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae
Red Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae sp ES2
Na
em
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae
Scabby Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae sp ES3
Na
em
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae
Beige Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae sp ES4
Na
em
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae
Brown Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae sp ES5
Na
m
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae
Hairy Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae sp ES6
Na
em
Possibly Semanopterus sp
Beetle
Coleoptera
Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae
Red Chafer
Scarabaeidae sp ES7
Na
em
Very similar to the Brown Chafer. These have different head plate; being wider at the very tip.
Profile
Shield
Beetle
Coleoptera
Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae
Long Legged Scarab Beetle
Scarabaeidae sp ES9
Na
ema
We've found quite a few of these. They look identical but range from 17mm down to about 6mm; which would indicate they are different species. We've just shown a couple of the larger specimens here.
S1: Dorsal
S2: Antennae
S1: Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Rove Beetle
Staphylinidae
Devil's Coach-horse Beetle
Creophilus erythrocephalus
Na
em
Other Common NameRove Beetle
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Rove Beetle
Staphylinidae
Rove Beetle
Creophilus lanio
Na
a
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Rove Beetle
Staphylinidae
Tiny Rove Beetle
Staphylinidae sp ES1
Na
em
We can't be sure these 2 sightings are the same species. They are both tiny & we managed to measure the 2nd at ~3mm. At this size our equipement isn't sophisticated enough to get detailed diagnostic photographs, so have to settle with family level id.
S1: Profile
S1: Posterior
S2: Dorsal
Beetle
Coleoptera
Darkling Beetle
Tenebrionidae
Black Comb-clawed Beetle
Alleculini sp ES1
Na
em
Alleculini is a tribe, commonly called Comb-clawed Beetles and are an understudied group. There are a large number of similar looking genera in the tribe, let alone species. We have left this id at the tribe level for now until further information is more readily available.
Note the very hairy body & legs, as well as large eyes. Reminiscent of the introduced Egyptian beetle, but much smaller at only 12mm long (head & body).
Dorsal
Profile
Face & Feet
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Darkling Beetle
Tenebrionidae
Brown Comb-clawed Beetle
Alleculini sp ES2
Na
em
Alleculini is a tribe, commonly called Comb-clawed Beetles and are an understudied group. There are a large number of similar looking genera in the tribe, let alone species. We have left this id at the tribe level for now until further information is more readily available.
Note the very hairy body & legs, as well as large eyes. This specimen is quite a bit smaller than the previous at only 8mm long (head & body). Notice also that the legs are shorter and body more parallel than our previous specimen. The head shape, large eyes & padded feet still match.
S1: Dorsal
S2: Dorsal
Beetle
Coleoptera
Darkling Beetle
Tenebrionidae
Egyptian Beetle
Blaps polychresta
I
em
Other Common NameGiant Darkling Beetle

Large black beetle, approximately 40mm long (head to tail) with a projection out the rear end.
Beetle
Coleoptera
Darkling Beetle
Tenebrionidae
Chalcopterus Beetle
Chalcopteroides sp
Na
ema
Similar Species: Metallic Dodonaea Leaf Beetle

Very metallic green back
Highly reflective.
Antenna
Back
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Darkling Beetle
Tenebrionidae
Open Headed Pie-dish Beetle
Cillibus sp
Na
a
 
Beetle
Coleoptera
Darkling Beetle
Tenebrionidae
Honey Brown Beetle
Ecnolagria sp
Na
a
 
Male, dorsal, ~13mm
Beetle
Coleoptera
Darkling Beetle
Tenebrionidae
Enclosed Head Pie-dish Beetle
Helea sp ES1
Na
em
SynonymHelaeus

Notice the single ridge running from from to the back of the elytra on this specimen. Also a small horn on the prothorax between the head & elytra.
When threatened they tilt their whole body up on side to present the shell to the threat (protecting their undersides). They are able to move their head inside the shell like a tortoise, so can close the hole off with nearly no eyes showing, or have half the eye poking through.
While we didn't measure this specimen, another we found in 2016 was 27mm total length.
Dorsal
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Darkling Beetle
Tenebrionidae
Transparent Pie-dish Beetle
Helea sp ES2
Na
em
SynonymHelaeus

Like all Helea sp, this specimen also has an enclosed head.
It's quite unusual for Helea as it's brown plus has a transparent "shell".
We're not sure if the "brown fluff" is just plain dirt, or possibly excreted by the beetle as camouflage. Another possibility is cobweb from a tiny spider
This specimen was 22mm long including the flanges of the Elytra (rear shield / wing covers) and Prothorax (front shell), 18mm just the head & body without appendages.
There are a large number of described Helea sp, let alone undescribed.
We separate out the species based on the number of ridges, and smoothness of elytra (some can be very bumpy).
This specimen has 2 ridges starting at the front of the elytra stopping about 3/4's toward the rear, roughly where a 3rd middle ridge starts.
Dorsal
Profile
Horn
"Fluff"
Eye & Thread Antenna
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Darkling Beetle
Tenebrionidae
Shiny Pie-dish Beetle
Pterohelaeus sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Face
Head, under
Ventral
Beetle
Coleoptera
Gnawer Beetle
Trogidae
Carcass Beetle
Omorgus sp
Na
m
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Achilid Planthopper
Achilidae
Vertical Wing Achilid Hopper
Tropiphlepsia badia
Na
em
 
S1: dorsal
S3: dorsal
S2: profile, ~6mm long
S2: wings
S2: ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Broad-headed Bug
Alydidae
Brown Senna Bug
Melanacanthus cf scutellaris
Na
ema
Other Common NameBrown Bean Bug

There are 5 families that look similar
1. Broad-headed Bug (Alydidae; tend to be longer & thinner),
2. Jumping Tree Bug (Miridae),
3. Seed Bug (Lygaeidae; 3 seg antennae),
4. Damsel Bug (Nabidae) &
5. Assassin Bug (Reduviidae; highly variable family, but have curved rostrum/proboscis tucked underneath. Easy to see in a side shot - but you have to photograph the side of it to be sure).
Sometimes we take photo's that look nothing like the bug we see with our eyes. This is one case, so we've published both "naked eye" looking shots and others with more detail that we still want to share.

An interesting species this, apart from the talk above, it's usual venacular name is "Brown Bean Bug" .... now it annoys us to find common names of natives that have nothing to do with natives. Here, eg, there is no native bean that we are aware of. BUT these guys love senna (and probably acacia), in fact probably any legume ... guess what! Beans are legumes. So how about we name them after a native species of plant that they love, rather some agricultural pest term.
Dorsal, ~11mm
Dorsal, detailed
Dorsal, Wings apart
Profile
Profile, detailed
Head
On a Senna pod
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Broad-headed Bug
Alydidae
Long Broad-headed Bug
Mutusca brevicornis
Na
a
Similar Species: Pacific Damsel Bug
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Aphid
Aphididae
Green Peach Aphid
Myzus persicae
Na
em
 
On False Sowthistle
True Bug
Hemiptera
Spittlebug
Cercopidae
Spittlebug
Bathyllus albicinctus
Na
em
We confused this with a Cicada nymph; at least they are related.
Adult
Froth
Nymph hiding
Nymph exposed
Nymph - "Dribbles" -EXTRA-
True Bug
Hemiptera
Leafhopper
Cicadellidae
Mottled-brown Leafhopper
Bakeriana rubra
Na
em
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Leafhopper
Cicadellidae
Yellow-headed Leafhopper
Brunotartessus fulvus ?
Na
m
A fierce looking little hopper as an instar.
Quite pretty when fully grown.
Instar
Instar
True Bug
Hemiptera
Leafhopper
Cicadellidae
Planthopper
Cicadellidae sp
Na
ema
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Leafhopper
Cicadellidae
Mottled-head Gum-leafhopper
Eurymeloides punctata
Na
em
 
Instars with ant
True Bug
Hemiptera
Leafhopper
Cicadellidae
Brown Leafhopper
Orosius orientalis
Na
em
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Leafhopper
Cicadellidae
Flat-head Leafhopper
Stenocotis depressa
Na
em
A highly variable species.
About 10mm long (body goes to wing edge)
Reference Link
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Cicada
Cicadidae
Scrub-clicker
cf Platypsalta sp
Na
em
Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying this species for us

Female was about 15mm long
Reference Link
Female, dorsal
Female, profile
Female, face
Female, ventral
Male
True Bug
Hemiptera
Cicada
Cicadidae
Subcoastal Squawker
Pauropsalta cf accola
Na
em
Thank you Ethan Beaver for helping with the identification of this species

Thank you Lindsay Popple for identifying this species for us

Reference Link
Dorsal
Profile
Face
True Bug
Hemiptera
Lacehopper
Cixiidae
Plant hopper
Aubirestus semicirculatus
Na
em
 
Profile, ~5mm
Anterior
Dorsal
True Bug
Hemiptera
Leaf Footed Bug
Coreidae
Eucalyptus Bug
Amorbus obscuricornis
Na
a
 
Adult + Instar
Instar shedding
True Bug
Hemiptera
Leaf Footed Bug
Coreidae
Eucalyptus Tip Wilter
Amorbus rhombifer
Na
ema
 
Instar
True Bug
Hemiptera
Leaf Footed Bug
Coreidae
Crusader Bug
Mictis profana
Na
ma
A dark grey bug with orange stripes on its back and orange antennae tips
Instar
Later Instar
Adult
Adult
True Bug
Hemiptera
Water Boatman
Corixidae
Water Boatman
Agraptocorixa eurynome
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral & Size of 9mm
Under & Eyes
"Flippers" & Size, Adult with Instar
Instar; Stripy & Neck Triangle
Instar; Dappled
True Bug
Hemiptera
Shield Bug
Cydnidae
Burrowing Bug
Adrisa sp?
Na
em
 
Nymph, dorsal, ~9mm
Nymph, profile
Nymph, anterior
Nymph, ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Dictyopharid Planthopper
Dictyopharidae
Curved Longheaded Hopper
Thanatodictya sp
Na
em
We have found that all specimens have different wing venation. It's quite possible that the curved snout and wing venation are not diagnostic. We don't count these as separate species now; until some research is done on them to determine what diagnostic features separate the species.
Wing Venation Comparison -EXTRA-
True Bug
Hemiptera
Dictyopharid Planthopper
Dictyopharidae
Longheaded Hopper
Thanatodictya sp ES2
Na
em
This is the more usual type seen, with the straight snout
Dorsal
Profile
Head
True Bug
Hemiptera
Dictyopharid Planthopper
Dictyopharidae
Longheaded Hopper
Thanatodictya sp ES3
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Head
True Bug
Hemiptera
Dictyopharid Planthopper
Dictyopharidae
Longheaded Hopper
Thanatodictya sp ES4
Na
em
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Scale Insect
Eriococcidae
Eucalypt Gall
Apiomorpha strombylosa
Na
em
Similar Species: Mealybug

We've cut galls open before to see what's inside, but this is the first time we've found something.
We thought it was a larva, but it's actually a female adult. You can see the 6 "legs", more like claws, in the photo's. Clearly not required anymore, but a left over ancestral "artifact"; living it's life inside the mutated Eucalypt stem.
We're still not quite sure how the males, that live a whole 2 days outside the "casing", manage to mate with females embedded inside their "casing".
We found this specimen on a very stunted, sick looking, mallee "bush". You know when you have a native plant when it's attacked by insects. Insects don't know what to do with introduced species; so generally treat them like a lump of rusty steel (ie not interested, leave it alone, so the introduced species thrives - oops!).
Female Casing, left side
Female Casing, right side, other insects
Female Case split open, with insect
Female, dorsal, ~7mm
Female, profile
Female, Legs
Female, ventral -EXTRA-
True Bug
Hemiptera
Planthopper
Eurybrachidae
Wattle Hopper
Dardus sp
Na
em
A little hopper ~4-5mm long.
You'll notice our specimen has lost one of it's middle feet.
With very dark specimens like these we bump up brightness to highlight details, making the background unrealistically bright. It can be considered a camera artifact and highlights the need to be careful when considering colours in photo's.
Reference Link
Dorsal
Profile
Face
Antennae
Rear Leg 1
Rear Leg 2 -EXTRA-
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Planthopper
Eurybrachidae
Gum Tree Hopper
Platybrachys sp
Na
a
Thank you Dr Ken Walker for identifying this species for us
 
Dorsal, ~9mm
Profile
Anterior
Antenna
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Flatid Planthopper
Flatidae
Green Planthopper
Siphanta sp
Na
ema
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Lantern Fly
Fulgoridae
Lantern Fly
Rentinus dilatatus
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
True Bug
Hemiptera
Seed Bug
Lygaeidae
Green Seed Bug
Lygaeidae sp
Na
em
Similar Species: Brown Senna Bug
 
Profile
True Bug
Hemiptera
Seed Bug
Lygaeidae
Rutherglen Bug
Nysius cf vinitor
Na
ema
 
Dorsal
Profile
Profile
Antenna
Mating
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Horned Treehopper
Membracidae
Acacia Horned Treehopper
Sextius virescens
Na
a
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Jumping Tree Bug
Miridae
Green Mirid
Creontiades dilutus
Na
ema
Similar Species: Brown Senna Bug
 
Dorsal
Profile
True Bug
Hemiptera
Jumping Tree Bug
Miridae
Hairy Large-eyed Mirid Bug
Miridae sp
Na
em
Nearly 5mm long
Dorsal
Profile
Rostrum
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Giant Scale
Monophlebidae
Scale Insect
Icerya sp
Na
em
Primarily brilliant white (which is the egg sack) with a brown cap (the actual insect).
Found on saltbush (Atriplex sp)
Hatching
Juvenile
Adult without Egg Sack
Adult with Egg Sack
Perspective, with Ant
Perspective, with Ant
True Bug
Hemiptera
Giant Scale
Monophlebidae
Large Mealybug
Monophlebulus sp ES1
Na
em
Other Common NameLarge Meally Bug

We are not sure why one of the group was orange; they are clearly cohabiting and have the same body shape so reasonably sure they are all one species.
Females
True Bug
Hemiptera
Giant Scale
Monophlebidae
Small Mealybug
Monophlebulus sp ES2
Na
em
Other Common NameSmall Meally Bug

It's possibly a nymph, and at 2mm body & head length is not very big.
Female, dorsal
Female, ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Damsel Bug
Nabidae
Pacific Damsel Bug
Nabis kinbergii
Na
em
Similar Species: Brown Senna Bug

Like Assassin Bugs, these are predatory on other insects (ie carnivorous). Notice the strong front legs as well, to hold the prey.
Dorsal, ~8mm
Profile
Head, dorsal
Proboscis
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Backswimmer
Notonectidae
Golden-shouldered Backswimmer
Anisops deanei
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile, showing legs
Profile, showing wings (fins?)
True Bug
Hemiptera
Stink Bug
Pentatomidae
Horehound bug
Agonoscelis rutila
Na
em
Even though Horehound is introduced, this bug is native.
Bright orange with black blotches on top and black stripes under.
Black legs.
Feeding
True Bug
Hemiptera
Stink Bug
Pentatomidae
Acacia Shield bug
Alcaeus varicornis
Na
em
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Stink Bug
Pentatomidae
Exocarpos Bug
Aplerotus maculatus
Na
em
Thank you Martin Lagerwey for confirming the identification of this species
 
Instar, whole
Instars, dorsal
Instar, small, profile
Instar, large, profile
Instar, ventral
Adults, front & back
Adult, shield
Family group
True Bug
Hemiptera
Stink Bug
Pentatomidae
Green Nightshade Bug
Cuspicona simplex
Na
a
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Stink Bug
Pentatomidae
Variable Shield Bug
Kapunda tepperi
Na
em
About 6mm long
Dorsal
Profile
Face
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Stink Bug
Pentatomidae
Variable Shield Bug
Kapunda troughtoni
Na
ema
Thank you Dr Mallik Malipatil for identifying this species for us

This genus has a distinctively blunt snout for a shield bug; with relatively short antennae that come from under the snout, not the side or front like most others. About 6mm long
S1: Dorsal
S1: Profile
S2: Anterior
S2: Posterior
S2: Hindwings
S1: Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Stink Bug
Pentatomidae
Spiny Shield Bug
Neagenor sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal, ~19mm
Profile
Anterior
Scutellum (back plate), dorsal
Scutellum (back plate), profile
Head
Posterior
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Stink Bug
Pentatomidae
Shield Bug
Poecilometis cf vermiculatus
Na
em
Thank you Mark Newton for identifying this species for us

Varies from black to light brown (tan) to cinnamon
Adults are quite distinguished with white "bow tie" spot at the end of their wing shield, finishing with jet black diamond vest formed by the wing tips.
Found on Senna and Beyeria opaca. Without ventral examination, we can't be sure this is the correct id.
Adult, Profile
Adult, Back
True Bug
Hemiptera
Stink Bug
Pentatomidae
Reddish Shield Bug
Poecilometis extraneus
Na
em
About 13mm long. The 2nd specimen is much redder than the first, which is possibly caused by freshly moulting.
S1: Dorsal
S1: Profile
S1: Head
S1: Ventral
S2: Dorsal
S2: Profile
S2: Proboscus Shield
S2: Face
True Bug
Hemiptera
Stink Bug
Pentatomidae
Brown Shield Bug
Poecilometis sp
Na
ema
 
Back
True Bug
Hemiptera
Stink Bug
Pentatomidae
Pittosporum Bug
Pseudapines geminata
Na
ma
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Mealy Bug
Pseudococcidae
Mealybug
cf Pseudococcidae sp ?
Na
em
Similar Species: Eucalypt Gall

Many thanks to Ken Walker at Bowerbird who contact Dr Gullan (Australia's expert in scale insect group) on our behalf. She said "Male scale insects are hard to ID, but if it has 4 simple eyes, it's probably a male mealybug (or perhaps an eriococcid). It's not really possible to go further."

As such, it's not possible to know if this insect is introduced or native.
Male -EXTRA-
True Bug
Hemiptera
Psyllid
Psyllidae
Melaleuca psyllid
Boreioglycaspis melaleucae
Na
em
Many small birds rely on psyllids for survival, so an important cog in the biosphere of Ellura
True Bug
Hemiptera
Psyllid
Psyllidae
White Fibrous Lerp
Glycaspis brimblecombei
Na
em
Other Common NameRed Gum Psyllid
 
A couple of Lerps (houses)
Psyllid Instar that was under the lerp
Are they flat or what!
Smooth Inside of a removed lerp
Older psyllid instars
True Bug
Hemiptera
Psyllid
Psyllidae
White Clam Lerp
Hyalinaspis sp
Na
ema
There is a bit of confussion with the naming of these. The Lerp is the housing. The bug inside is a Psyllid that produces the lerp.
Lerps -EXTRA-
Early Instar -EXTRA-
Later Instar -EXTRA-
Adult -EXTRA-
Adult with instars -EXTRA-
True Bug
Hemiptera
Assassin Bug
Reduviidae
Assassin Bug
Coranus sp ?
Na
em
Similar Species: Brown Senna Bug
 
True Bug
Hemiptera
Assassin Bug
Reduviidae
Assassin Bug
Oncocephalus sp ES1
Na
em
Interesting bugs Assassins (Reduviidae), one of the few predatory/carnivorous true bugs (order Hemiptera). Most are vegetarian.
One easy diagnostic difference over the similiar Alydidae family are the large front legs as can be seen here; used to hold it's prey. Not all assassins have them, but no Alydidae's do.
A more guaranteed diagnostic, but harder to see, is that Assassin's have a curved rostrum / proboscis
Adult, dorsal, ~15mm
Adult, profile
Adult, profile, flat, defensive?
Adult, large ocelli + proboscis
Adult, antenna
Adult, back plate spine
Adult, anterior
Adult, ventral
Instar, dorsal -EXTRA-
Instar, profile, ~13mm
Instar, proboscis
Instar, ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Assassin Bug
Reduviidae
Assassin Bug
Oncocephalus sp ES2
Na
em
 
Dorsal, ~13mm
Profile
Rostrum, under
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Assassin Bug
Reduviidae
Assassin Bug
Oncocephalus sp ES3
Na
em
 
Dorsal
True Bug
Hemiptera
Assassin Bug
Reduviidae
Orange Spotted Ground Assassin Bug
Peirates punctorius
Na
em
SynonymsPirates flavopictus, Pirates fulvipennis
 
Dorsal
Scutellum Spine
True Bug
Hemiptera
Assassin Bug
Reduviidae
Pale Assassin Bug
Perissopygocoris pallidus
Na
em
SynonymPerissopygocoris pallidum

About 14mm long. Predominately pale brown with darker brown patches. Also has hairy antennae.
Dorsal
Anterior
Antennae
Scutellum Spine
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Scentless Plant Bug
Rhopalidae
Red Eyes Bug
Leptocoris sp
Na
em
A mainly dark grey bug with red/orange highlights.
The instars are very red
Instar
Nursery
Adult
True Bug
Hemiptera
Seed Bug
Rhyparochromidae
Ant-mimicking Seed bug
Daerlac sp
Na
a
It looks very similar to D. cephalotes; be we don't think it is because of the excess red on the shoulders and lack of black lateral lines on the back.
Dorsal
Profile
Iso view
Rostrum extended
Rostrum folded up
Antenna
Posterior
True Bug
Hemiptera
Seed Bug
Rhyparochromidae
Black and White Seed Bug
Dieuches nudus
Na
em
 
Dorsal, ~9mm
Profile
Wings
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Ricaniid Planthopper
Ricaniidae
Broad-winged Planthopper
Aprivesa varipennis
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Ricaniid Planthopper
Ricaniidae
Undescribed Planthopper ES1
Ricaniidae sp
Na
em
 
Dorsal, ~5mm
Profile
Anterior
Hindwing
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Ricaniid Planthopper
Ricaniidae
Broad-winged Planthopper
Scolypopa australis
Na
a
Other Common NamePassionvine Hopper

I don't know what it is, but insects with clear wings and black patterned edges just enthral me
Marie saw this "moth" on the kitchen fly-screen. As soon as I saw it, straight into the insect box into the fridge. Didn't want to miss any important details. Thought it'd be easy to id; never having seen one, and being so unique. After much hunting around I found this pictorial key: http://www1.dpi.nsw.gov.au/keys/fulgor/ricaniidae/index.html#australia The only issue was the location component shows only the eastern seaboard.

This is the 1st record for this species in South Australia on the ALA website (www.ala.org.au).
Dorsal, ~5mm
Profile
Anterior
Wing
Hairy wing tips
Flat back legs
Posterior
Ventral, close
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Ricaniid Planthopper
Ricaniidae
Broad-winged Planthopper
Scolypopa stipata
Na
em
 
Profile -EXTRA-
Anterior
Ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Shield Backed Bug
Scutelleridae
Red Jewel Bug
Choerocoris paganus
Na
ema
Other Common NameDodonaea bug

Amazing array of fire engine red and deep metallic green head and shield.
We've not seen the red noses or orange/brown colours before.
Males are thicker at the back
Small white dots around its body.
We suspect the different coloured shield (ie all dark vs wine glass shaped stripe) relates to different gender.
Instar
Female, Back
Female, Red Face
Female, Brown
Female, Orange
Male, Green Face
They think they are the same species!
True Bug
Hemiptera
Shield Backed Bug
Scutelleridae
Variable Shield Bug
Choerocoris variegatus
Na
em
Similar in shape to the Dodonaea bug above, but very different colours and patterns. While still shiny, doesn't have the metallic lustre.
The instars of these are similar to the adults.
As the name suggests they are very variable; ranging from off-white under, to yellow to reddish (examples elsewhere show bright orange). Primarily coloured with black patches. The back is also covered in dimples.
The face of our specimens have 3 strong pale longitudinal stripes (which is atypical), topped off by the 2 typical red Ocelli.
While they are listed as eating Beyeria lechenaultii, here they are on Beyeria opaca (not listed as a food source). We also found one on Pearl Bluebush; perhaps it was lost.
Also notice how the varying thickness of black makes a large difference to the patterns made (and how the specimens look)
Yellow Early Instar, dorsal
Yellow Later Instar, dorsal
Yellow Later Instar, profile
Yellow Later Instar, ventral
Pale Adult, dorsal
Pale Adult, profile
Pale Adult, front
Pale Adult, ventral
Reddish Adult, face
Reddish Adult, dorsal
Reddish Adult, Dark Coloured
Reddish Adult, front, dorsal
Reddish Adult, front, profile
Reddish Adult, front, ventral
Reddish Adult, profile, rear
Reddish Adult, rear
Reddish Adult, vent
Reddish Adults, 14 in this pic alone
Yellow Adult, dorsal
Yellow Adult, posterior
Yellow Adult, dorsal
Yellow Adult, profile
Yellow Adult, anterior
Yellow Adult, ventral
True Bug
Hemiptera
Shield Backed Bug
Scutelleridae
Green Shield Backed Bug
Coleotichus costatus
Na
ma
A lightly toned, large bug.
Lots of tiny maroon dots on pale brown around the edge of its back match the Dodonaea fruit perfectly.
They can vary from brown to green.
Red compound eyes with a red jewel (actually an Ocellus, simple eye) above each compound eye.

Copyright © 1996- Brett & Marie Smith. All Rights Reserved.
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