Ellura Sanctuary, Swan Reach, SA, 5354
    
It's possible 20 different species can look identical (needing dissection to differentiate); as such many id's here don't go to species level
Stat'NotesThumbnails: 90.   23 native species listed, with 16 from Ellura
Animals (Animalia) - Jointed Legs (Arthropoda) - Centipedes (Chilopoda)
Centipedes
Scolopendromorpha
Centipede
Scolopendridae
Giant Centipede
Ethmostigmus rubripes
Na
em
A large (~90mm) common centipede with 4 simple eyes (per side), that hides under rocks, etc. The shaped of the breathing holes along it's body and "teeth" are diagnostic.
Dorsal
Breathing hole + eyes
Face
Posterior
"Teeth"
Anal
Ventral
Centipedes
Scolopendromorpha
Centipede
Scolopendridae
Giant Centipede
Scolopendridae sp
Na
ema
 
House Centipedes
Scutigeromorpha
House Centipede
Scutigeridae
House Centipede
Scutigeridae sp
Na
ema
 

Animals (Animalia) - Jointed Legs (Arthropoda) - Millipedes (Diplopoda)
Millipedes
Polydesmida
Millipede
Paradoxosomatidae
Native Brown Millipede
Somethus cf castaneus ?
Na
a
Thank you Bob Mesibov for confirming the identification of this species

Bob said it could either be S. castaneus or S. lancearius based on location.
Whole, dorsal, ~34mm
Face, no eyes
Juliform Millipedes
Spirostreptida
Juliform Millipede
Spirostreptida
Juliform Millipede
cf Spirostreptida sp
Na
em
Thank you Bob Mesibov for identifying this species for us

Of this specimen, Bob said "Very interesting, and probably a (native) spirostreptidan - never seen this patterning before, though!"

The legs on the 1st-5th segments are diagnostic, as are the eyes & genetalia. So it's important to try and photograph these areas clearly for id. As you can see, I wasn't able to. Everytime I turned it over, it turned back and ran.
In terms of colour (ie darkness & amount of orange coming through); this specimen varied considerably depending on the camera settings.
Twisted, darker
Whole & size
5 Segment legs
Eyes
Fast

Animals (Animalia) - Jointed Legs (Arthropoda) - Ametabolous Arthropods (Entognatha)
Springtails
Collembola
Springtail
Hypogastruridae
Springtail
Hypogastrura sp
Na
ema
Not a true insect. They are small (up to 3mm) and have 6 legs, 2 stumpy feelers & 2 eyes (made up of 8 ocelli). Dark pink underneath with dark purple backs.
Globular Springtails
Symphypleona
Globular Springtail
Symphypleona
Brown Globular Springtail
Symphypleona sp ES1
Na
em
Similar Species: Varied Carpet Beetle  
Dorsal
Globular Springtails
Symphypleona
Globular Springtail
Symphypleona
Green Globular Springtail
Symphypleona sp ES2
Na
a
Not a true insect. They are small (we've measured under 2mm) and have 6 legs, 2 feelers & 2 eyes (made up of 8 ocelli). Look more like a spider with a distinct head and abdomen; unlike the other springtails.
Dorsal, ~1.3mm
Profile
Front

Animals (Animalia) - Jointed Legs (Arthropoda) - Insects (Insecta)
Earwigs
Dermaptera
Striped Earwig
Labiduridae
Black Bush Earwig
Nala lividipes
Na
em
About 11mm long, excluding pincers.
Reference Link
Dorsal
Tegmina
Ventral
Web-spinners
Embioptera
Web-spinner
Embioptera
Web-spinner
Embioptera sp
Na
em
 
Mayflies
Ephemeroptera
Mayfly
Baetidae
Mayfly
Centroptilum cf elongatum
Na
a
This male was about 5mm long (head & body). The tail cerci are just under 9mm. The specimen we found keyed out to Centroptilum, and C. elongatum is the only one in this genus found in SA. It could of course be an undescribed species.
Notice the weird overhead eyes of the male; used for searching for a female (thank you to Ian Gibbins for confirming this assumption
When we mentioned we couldn't think of another invert' with a 2nd pair of compound eyes, Ian also told us that they are not strictly a 2nd pair of eyes; but a genetic situation where the normal eyes split during development. This is a similar trick to the way mantids, eg, have striped eyes; and other insects have different zones in their eyes for varying purposes. Pretty fascinating stuff
Male: Dorsal
Male: Profile
Male: Iso
Male: Upper Eyes
Male: Lower Eyes
Male: Oscelli
Male: Face
Male: Hindwings
Male: Wing Venation
Male: Lower Wing Venation
Male: Abdomen
Male: Antenna
Male: Thorax, dorsal
Male: Thorax, ventral
Male: Anal Pincers
Male: Ventral
Mayflies
Ephemeroptera
Mayfly
Baetidae
Mayfly
Cloeon cf paradieniense
Na
a
This female was about 6mm long, with 10mm long tail cerci, found dead. Notice it has no hind wings (a species trait), nor the strange eyes of the male.
To re-iterate, Mayflies are the only insects other than Flies (Diptera order) where some species have 2 wings not 4.
Female: Dorsal
Female: Profile
Female: Lower Wing Venation
Female: Wing Venation
Female: Thorax
Stick Insects
Phasmida
Stick Insect
Phasmatidae
Dog-eared Stick Insect
Hyrtacus tuberculatus
Na
ema
Other Common NameLobed-Abdomen Stick Insect

Thank you Matthew Connors for confirming the identification of this species

The adult is about 50-55mm long
Adult Male, dorsal
Adult Male, head
Adult Male, abdomen spines
Adult Male, abdomen "tail"
Adult Male, ventral
Stick Insects
Phasmida
Stick Insect
Phasmatidae
Children's Stick Insect
Tropidoderus childrenii
Na
em
Thank you Ethan Beaver for identifying this species for us

Named after zoologist John George Children, not because children like them.
More details about him can be found here John George Children
Thank you to Frank Prinz & Martin Lagerwey for the link; via Bowerbird.
Male, whole
Male, Body
Male, Head & Neck
Male, Wings (closed)
Bark Lice
Psocodea
Bark Louse
Ectopsocidae
Bark Louse
Ectopsocus sp
Na
a
 
Bark Lice
Psocodea
Bark Louse
Psocodea
Bark Louse
Trichadenotecnum enderleini
Na
em
At only 2.5mm body & head length, it wasn't the easiest animal we've tried to photograph
It's seems to be a relatively common species but isn't described in Smithers (1990) that we can see. However, it matches very closely Ptycta enderleini, in the paper "Systematic Position of Trichadenotecnum enderleini" by Yoshizawa & Smithers. We use the ALA for naming, which still uses the old name; Trichadenotecnum enderleini, not Ptycta enderleini as described in the above paper.
Dorsal
Profile
Anterior
Thrips
Thysanoptera
Thrips
Phlaeothripidae
Giant Thrips
Idolothrips spectrum
Na
a
This is a bit of a scientific joke we think. "Giant" as in much bigger than others, but still tiny.
Head & Antennae
Ovipositor (hairy end)
Body, dorsal
Thrips
Thysanoptera
Thrips
Phlaeothripidae
Thrips
Phlaeothripidae sp
Na
ema
A strange note on the English language - it seems it's one thrips or two thrips, not one thrip.
Dorsal
Profile
Caddisfies
Trichoptera
Caddisfly
Hydropsychidae
Caddisfly
Cheumatopsyche sp
Na
em
Body & head are only about 4mm.
Often surprises us we find water born insects on Ellura given we don't have any standing water & it's semi-arid. But they keep turning up, to our wonder & enjoyment
Dorsal
Profile
Ventral
Silverfishes
Zygentoma
Silverfish
Lepismatidae
Striped Silverfish
Lepismatidae sp ES1
Na
em
 
Silverfishes
Zygentoma
Silverfish
Lepismatidae
Silverfish
Lepismatidae sp ES2
Na
em
 
Dorsal
Ventral (Silvery)
Silverfishes
Zygentoma
Silverfish
Lepismatidae
Silverfish
Lepismatidae sp ES3
Na
em
 

Animals (Animalia) - Jointed Legs (Arthropoda) - Crustaceans (Malacostraca)
Peracarid Crustaceans
Isopoda
Terrestrial Crustacean
Armadillidiidae
Pill Bug
Armadillidium vulgare
I
ema
Other Common NamesPill-bug, Pillbug, Roly-poly, Slater or Woodlouse
 
Dorsal + size
Ventral
Eyes + Pill Shape
Peracarid Crustaceans
Isopoda
Terrestrial Crustacean
Philosciidae
Slater
Laevophiloscia yalgoonensis
Na
em
Other Common NameWoodlouse
 

Animals (Animalia) - Molluscs (Mollusca) - Gastropods, Slugs, And Snails (Gastropoda)
Land Snails & Slugs
Stylommatophora
Small Land Snail
Hygromiidae
Common White Snail
Cernuella virgata
I
em
Other Common NamesCommon Garden Snail, Maritime Gardensnail, Vineyard snail
 
Whole, hole
Whole (shell ~6mm diameter)
Dead, hole
Whole, dead

Animals (Animalia) - Flatworms (Platyhelminthes) - Free-living Flatworms (Rhabditophora)
Planarians
Tricladida
Flatworm
Geoplanidae
Adelaide's Planarian
Artioposthia adelaidensis
Na
a
Other Common NamesPretty Land Planarian, Flatworm

Thank you Dr Leigh Winsor for identifying this species for us
 

Copyright © 1996- Brett & Marie Smith. All Rights Reserved.
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